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Immigrants Notes

by: Molly Harty

Immigrants Notes HIST 105 6153 T29

Molly Harty
Truman State

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These notes cover what was discussed in the immigrant lecture after meeting with our groups last Thursday
US History II, 1877-Present
S Reschly
Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Molly Harty on Tuesday September 6, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 105 6153 T29 at Truman State University taught by S Reschly in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 9 views. For similar materials see US History II, 1877-Present in History at Truman State University.

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Date Created: 09/06/16
I. Immigration within the US A. In 1860 it took 4.3 million workers to run all the factories 1. Work was in the process of shifting from farmland  to factories B. In 1900 it took 28.5 million, of those 16 million worked on  factores and 11 million worked on farms 1. By the end of the 19th century, more people were in the factory than the farm C. By 1920 it took 29 million worked on factories and about 12  million worked on farms D. Between 1865 and 1920, 11 million americans moved from  country­side to cities 1. First urbanization because the inside was moving  further in a) The Great Migration (1) African Americans  moved from rural south to urban north E. In 1820, in the US, 5% of the population lived in cities with a  population of 10,000 or more F. By 1900, 20% of the population lived in cities with a population of 20,000 or more G. Population Growth 1. Much of that growth occurred in cities 2. Rural south to urban north II. Foreign Immigration A. 1870­1914 about 25 million Europeans moved to the US B. 1914, close to 60% of the industrial labor force was foreign born C. In 1900, 15% of the American population was foreign D. Three Waves of Foreign Immigration 1. 1845­1854 a) 3 million b) Northern and western europeans  c) Before the civil war d) Germans and irish due to the potato  famine e) Most were protestant 2. 1865­1875 a) British, dutch, scandinavians, swiss b) Protestant c) Most already had a skill that was  very much in demand d) 3 million e) After the civil war 3. 1880­1914 a) Much different than the first two b) “New Immigration” c) 25 million… MUCH larger d) Came mostly from eastern and  southern europe (1) Italy, Greece,  Romania, Austria­Hungary, Poland (2) Darker skin (3) Not english speaking (4) Jews, Russian­Greek  Orthodox, Roman Catholic e) ⅓ of eastern europe's jews left their  home f) 1890, NY city had most of the  immigrants g) Chicago­­ lots of bohemians and  polish h) Ellis Island opened in 1892  (1) Try to deal with mass  immigration (2) Quarantine facilities (3) Clerks (a) Chang ed spellings of people’s last names  (b) Chang ed people’s last names to be more English i) MANY Americans feared these new  “unethical” immigrants (1) Could any Catholic be a real American E. Changed America 1. Set up churches, synagogues, newspapers 2. Helped people find jobs… Chain Migration 3. Formed Ethnic Enclaves in major cities a) Polish Neighborhoods b) Mainly in Chicago 4. Political Machines a) Political parties would take care of  the immigrants in return from their vote III. Nativism A. Feared the immigrants 1. Thought they’d change America too much 2. Overwhelm the Anglo­Saxon race B. Many anti­Catholic political parties and groups 1. Some members boycotted Catholic merchants 2. Against Catholic ideas and the way they do things 3. Can they ever be American if they are Catholic?


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