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Chapter 3

by: Theresa Holly

Chapter 3 Soc 2150

Theresa Holly
GPA 3.7

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Notes over the topic of Gender
Sociology of Families
Jacob Rizk
Class Notes
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Theresa Holly on Tuesday September 6, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Soc 2150 at University of Nebraska at Omaha taught by Jacob Rizk in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 11 views. For similar materials see Sociology of Families in Sociology at University of Nebraska at Omaha.

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Date Created: 09/06/16
Chapter 3 Gender  Sex role= biology, chromosomes  Gender role= psychology, culture, conforming to social expectations  Role= expected behavior  Socialization- process that people learn characters of their group  Gender Identity- psychological sense of whether person is male or female  Gender variance- discomfort with one’s sex  Sexual Dichotomy= idea that division of sex is male and female o Categories are mutually exclusive- must be placed in one  Cross dresser- Dress as member of other gender  Transvestites- males dress proactively to appeal to other men  Matriarchal- female dominated, identified, and centered  Patriarchal – male dominated, identified, and centered  Sexism- unjust discrimination based on: person’s sex, and sex is superior  Sexual harassment- abuse of unwanted force of sexual attention  Childhood: kids learn gender from culture norms (blue vs. pink baby items)  Household division of labor- men do yardwork, women cook, clean  Parenting Style – mother and father act differently to daughters and sons 1. Sociobiology: Does Biology Determine our Gender Differences? a. Social behavior determines b. Hormones: estrogen vs. testosterone 2. Social Learning Theory: Does Environment Determine? a. Learning by reinforcement- rewards and punishments b. Learning by modeling- imitation 3. Cognitive Development Theory: Does Age Determine? a. How children think, understand, reason…. Result of biological maturation and social experiences b. Jean Piaget, Lawerence Kohlberg 4. Gender Schema Theory: Mental categories for organizing gender? a. Children develop framework to interpret gender Parents Socialize Children: 1. Use different physical and verbal manipulations 2. Direct attention toward stereotypical gender identified objects 3. Different verbal descriptions to same behavior 4. Encourage/ discourage stereotypes Peers Influence:  Girls take cues from boys  Boys promote gender stereotype Education Influence:  Boys tend to get more attention from teachers  Girls praised for appearance and neat work Benefits to Males  Higher Income  Less domestic work and marital stress Benefits to Women  Attachment to relationships and children Drawbacks for Males  Self worth tied to job position and income  Job related stress  Less time for family  Limitations on child custody when divorced Drawbacks for Women  Reduced income  Dependence on spouse  Beauty Women’s Movement:  Liberal, Socialist, Radical, Lesbian, Conservative Feminism Men’s Movement:  Profeminists, Antifeminists, Masculinists


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