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abnormal psych in class notes 09.06.16

by: Hayoung Lee

abnormal psych in class notes 09.06.16 Psy 3315

Marketplace > Texas State University > Psychology > Psy 3315 > abnormal psych in class notes 09 06 16
Hayoung Lee
Texas State
GPA 3.9

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Abnormal Psychology
\ Etherton
Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Hayoung Lee on Tuesday September 6, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Psy 3315 at Texas State University taught by \ Etherton in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views. For similar materials see Abnormal Psychology in Psychology at Texas State University.

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Date Created: 09/06/16
Abnormal psych In class lecture notes Historical approaches to psychopathology  Supernatural (take 1) o Pre-historical evidence of trephining  Biological (take 1: Hippocrates and Galen) o Humors (fluids): Bile, Black Bile, Phlegm, Blood o Choleric: Irritable, short-tempered (bile) o Melancholic: Despondent, depressed (black bile) o Phlegmatic: Unemotional, calm, composed (phlegm) o Sanguine: Optimistic, confident, cheerful (blood)  Supernatural (take 2: Dark Ages) o Accusations of witchcraft o Exorcism to drive out evil spirits  Biological (take 2: syphilis!) o General Paresis: mental deterioration, disinhibition, mood changes, delusions o In the 1880s was linked to syphilis infection (10-30 years before symptoms) o Spirochetes  Initial excitement about finding biological causes for all mental disorders faded – few additional successes  Humanitarian Reform o With emergence of Renaissance, dignity of the individual was emphasized, and treatment of the mentally ill became more humane  Classification o Emil Kraeplin (1883) classification of mental disorders o Pattern of co-occurrence of different symptoms o Suggests that course and cause of disorder could be understood Contemporary Approaches  Psychological o 1. Psychoanalysis (late 1800s – mid 1900s)  Charcot, Freud, Breuer  Id, ego, superego  Emphasis on the unconscious and dynamics within it  Free Association  Dream Interpretation  Steam engine metaphor o 2. Behavioral approach  Ivan Pavlov – Classical conditioning  John Watson – application to acquired fears  B.F. Skinner – Operant conditioning  Psychopathology as learned behaviors Abnormal psych In class lecture notes  Emphasis on the role of experience and environment in shaping behavior (external rather than internal)  Classical conditioning  Pavlov’s dog example  Behaviorism  John Watson promotes behaviorism as a means of creating desired behaviors and reducing undesired (including psychopathology)  Operant conditioning  BF Skinner  Positive/Negative Reinforcement  Positive/Negative Punishment  Etiology: causal factors in a psychological disorder o Necessary cause  Must be present for disorder to occur, but presence does not guarantee disorder will occur  Ex. Huntington’s chorea gene o Sufficient cause  Disorder will occur if this cause is present  Ex. If hopelessness is present depression will occur (according to one theory) o Contributory cause  Increases probability of disorder occurring  Not necessary or sufficient  Most psychological research Diathesis: Relatively Stress: Response distal necessary or to individual to contributory cause taxing demands that is not sufficient Diathesis – stress models: Combination Theoretical of diathesis and stress Perspectives  Neurobiological to cause disorder o Genetic o Brain structure and function  Behavioral o Classical conditioning o Operant conditioning Abnormal psych In class lecture notes o Observational learning  Cognitive


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