Social Psychology, Lecture 3
Social Psychology, Lecture 3 2084
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Logan Mehalic on Wednesday September 7, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 2084 at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University taught by Micah D. Roedinger in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 3 views. For similar materials see Social Psychology in Psychology at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University.
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Date Created: 09/07/16
Social Psychology - Lecture 3 9/6/16 -Visual cues, 4 types Physical appearance – what they look like or their clothing Nonverbal communication – body language, facial expression Environment – objects around that person, setting Behavior – how someone acts -Physical appearance is usually the first thing we use to make judgments, and it is often the only visual cue available to us -When we look at people and make judgments are first impressions are very bias -Halo effect: this effect states that people with positive attributes are highly rated on other attributes (i.e. if someone is pretty they are smart, hardworking, clever, etc.) This also works the opposite way (horns effect) (i.e. ugly people are lazy) The halo effect is often seen in dating Many times if people are smart or funny you also see them as even more attractive -Nonverbal behavior is a cue that is evaluated very quickly (i.e. facial expressions or body language) They have a large impact on our first impressions because they are evaluated so quickly -Environmental cues are anything in the environment around the person that causes us to make a judgment about them If you walk into a college dorm room you make assumptions about the person who is living there based on what they have hanging on the wall or the possessions they have They can be both virtual and physical, for example a Facebook page. You are making an assumption about them before you even meet them about things that the post -Behavioral is the most accurate way of forming a first impression This is the way someone acts -First impressions are often incorrect, and people realize this -First impressions are clouded by bias Fundamental attribution error: when we see someone else perform an actions we attribute their success to the environment they are in and their failure to an internal attitude or personality characteristic o When we evaluate ourselves we attribute success to internal characteristics and failure to environment Correspondence bias: people are extremely likely to believe the behavior of someone else performing the behavior represents an internal personality characteristic even when they know the person had no choice in performing that action o Jones and Harris asked a group of research participants to read essays that were pro Fidel Castro or anti Fidel Castro. They then asked the participants to rate the individuals (authors) attitudes about how they felt. No matter what they told the subjects (if they were supposed to write it that way or not) they believed they were pro Fidel Castro if they wrote about it or anti Fidel Castro if they wrote about that -How do we maintain our first impressions? People don’t like to be wrong, and often think they are extremely accurate in creating first impressions This leads up to have impressions resistant to change Primacy effect: says individuals weight information more the earlier they receive it, and they are more likely to remember information that is presented first Perseverance bias: simply means that people have the tendency for information to have a persisting effect on our judgments even after it has been discredited
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