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Lecture 2

by: Adam Kh

Lecture 2 01:119:115

Adam Kh
GPA 3.6

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General Biology Lecture 2
General Biology 1
Class Notes
GeneralBiology, Biology, Lecture Notes
25 ?




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Adam Kh on Wednesday September 7, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 01:119:115 at Rutgers University taught by Unknown in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 3 views. For similar materials see General Biology 1 in Biology at Rutgers University.

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Date Created: 09/07/16
September 4 Lecture Number 2 The word Science is derived from a Latin verb meaning "to know" Science is a way of knowing. Inquiry: Search for natural causes in natural phenomena. Two Board Methods of reasoning of reasoning in the scientific method A Deductive Reasoning:  Theory  Hypothesis  Observation  Confirmation Use logic to flow in the opposite direction, starts with a general premise Example: if all organisms are made of cells and humans are organisms then humans are made of cells. And this can be tested by testing human body to look for cells. A Inductive reasoning : begins with a set of observation, then drawing conclusions and creating a general principle. i Observation ii Pattern iii Tentative Hypothesis iv Theory Repeating this can lead to important generalization. The Scientific Method I Observation II Ask a question III Form a hypothesis IV Make prediction from the hypothesis V Test Prediction (Experiments) VI Use statics to evaluate significance of results VII If they support the hypothesis, Experiments repeated and published if not change the hypothesis. A hypothesis must be testable and falsifiable. The elements of Life 25 of 92 known elements are essential to life. Carbon, Oxygen Hydrogen and Nitrogen make 96 percent of the living matter. CHON The rest of the 4% are Calcium, Phosphorus, Potassium and sulfur. Trace elements Subatomic particles Protons P+ , Neutrons N o and electrons e- Atomic mass #P+#N Atomic number #P+ Bonding Covalent bonding Polar H2O Non-polar CH4 Ionic (Borrowing electrons) NaCl


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