Study Soup Week 101
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This 7 page Class Notes was uploaded by McKinley Smith on Wednesday September 7, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to at Georgia Southern University taught by Professor Nathan Palmer in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views.
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Date Created: 09/07/16
Brianna Crockett Shannon Atkins McKinley Smith Annotated Bibliography Poverty Aimee, Picchi.(2015, September 11). The Shocking Reach of U.S Poverty. CBS News. Retrieved from http://www.cbsnews.com/news/theshockingreachofuschildpoverty/ . Aimee Picchi is a freelance writer who works and writes for many sites such as CBS News. As a writer her main focus is business. She takes issues and analyzes them on a business scale. For an example, her article on child poverty tells us what we could happen in the future years to come. In this article Picchi writes about the increasing population of children experiencing and growing up in poverty and the effects it has on them. She says that children who experience poverty are less likely to succeed in life. They are more likely to not finish high school or even go to or complete college. About twenty percent of the children population was experiencing a struggle financially every year, but this past year (2015) that has doubled. Picchi explains that as each generation worsens we end up paying for it either by investments or increasing cost. In this article I felt that Picchi did a very good job of tying business into this issue. This article was also useful because it was current and still relevant to today. Andrew, Yarrow. (2013, April 25). Why are two generals talking about poverty? Oxfam America. Retrieved from http://politicsofpoverty.oxfamamerica.org/2013/04/whyaretwo generalstalkingaboutpoverty/ Oxfam America is a global organization that is dedicated to fixing all the wrong decisions made that lead to poverty. They strive to create solutions that will last and make an everlasting impact. Oxfam America has many positions that keeps the organization running but one person's job that is essential is Andrew Yarrow. Andrew Yarrow is the senior research advisor for Oxfam America. Just like Oxfam, Yarrow strives to reduce poverty in America. Focusing on lowwage work and inequality, Yarrow has published multiple articles and books. One article that I found interesting was “Why are two generals talking about poverty”?. In this particular article Yarrow explains the horrific statistics dealing with poverty and the position that Oxfam America is taking to solve it. Yarrow states that Oxfam America has launched the “Voices on US Poverty” which aims to spark a discussion about poverty in America. Hundreds of essays were released through news media across the country revealing the chilling numbers of poverty in which thousands of americans face everyday. Since I am majoring in public relations I thought that this might be a good article to show how or how not to get information to the public masses successfully. In order to see if Oxfam America was successful I would need to know how long ago they launched the program and then see if Poverty has become a major issue in the public’s eye since then. Unfortunately, this information was not given in Yarrow’s article but the statistics and facts were very helpful. Barbara, Sheer.(2007). Nursing and the impact of worldwide poverty. Medscape. Retrieved from http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/564102_3. Barbara Sheer is a nurse practitioner who takes on the challenge of bringing a medical perspective to common issues of today. This article came from a healthcare site that attempts to bring the people a form of education and awareness about global health issues. In this article, they explain how poverty and nursing go hand and hand. They bring up the Millennium Goals that the United Nations have created to address poverty and many other global health issues. Nurses are said to be the first line of defense when it comes to poverty. When people are in poverty it can affect their entire life and not necessarily the amount of money in their pocket. Health needs grow astronomically the less money that nations and their people have. This article could have used more personal cases of people who perhaps have a destitute background. I feel like the bias would come in because this seems more opinionated than factual and I do not feel like much research was conducted on the poverty side of the discussion. From a nursing perspective, however, I feel her statements were fairly accurate to the majority of the nursing field. Benita, Cohen, Marion, McKay. (2010). The role of public health agencies in addressing child and family poverty: Public health nurses’ perspectives. National institutes of health. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3043274/. Benita Cohen and Marion McKay are both professors at separate universities in Canada who come together often to study how nurses affect the healthcare field through different subjects such as family and child poverty. They came together to discuss how family and child poverty is becoming more prevalent and is beginning to affect more people than it has at any time before now. They wrote that the first step to addressing poverty from a healthcare standpoint is to take care of children and their families. This could be through the use of immunizations, instructional courses on diseases and treatment for those who have them, or even just through the giving of food and clean water. This study that was conducted could have been a little bit more in depth and have a little bit more facts. The written part of the report was a little opinionated. I trust that the authors know what they are talking about from their biographies, however, it would have been nice to bring in some more outside evidence. Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. (2015). Vaccine delivery strategy overview. Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. Retrieved from http://www.gatesfoundation.org/WhatWe Do/GlobalDevelopment/VaccineDelivery This article is from the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation website. It discusses how vaccine delivery, medical treatments, and food production can lead to the end of world poverty. The lack of simple vaccines are leading to death in civilizations that are overrun by poverty. These countries do not have the means to obtain these vaccines, distribute this medicine or store it. The simplest solution to this problem is: logistics. The epitome of logistics is getting a product from production to the consumer. In this case, we are talking about getting a vaccine from production to the patient. Bill and Melinda Gates aim to provide education, wellbeing for people across the globe, and the means to end world poverty. Although this article discusses their plans to end world hunger, it never asks its readers for donations or volunteering. It simply aids us with information about how their plan can help people all across the globe. As I was looking to find information, I was happily surprised that it was all that the author offered us in this article, rather than asking me for something as I read. I think that this article is a wonderful tool for information, as it gives sidenotes, facts, and informs us of what is going on in our world. Linda, Reutter. (2004). Nursing students’ beliefs about poverty and health. Wiley online library. Retrieved from http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.13652648.2004.03199.x/full. Linda Reutter is a faculty member at the University of Alberta with their nursing program. She conducts many nursing experiments and enjoys studying the nurses and the mold that she believes her students are molded into. This article was actually written about an experiment that was conducted among nursing students at three universities in Canada. The study was to see if nursing students with little experience in the field were already being taught and had a more connected understanding between poverty and global health. The study was conducted through the use of many interviews with nursing students and other students at the university. Colleges and nursing programs seem to be ingraining and teaching their students to look at the environment that people are around and live with affects their health in positive and negative ways. To me, her audience is already people who are aware and understand this connection. If the article was branched out to involve more nursing students in more vast spaces I feel like her facts and conclusions would be more trustworthy. Nina, Verfaillie. (2013, December 6). 5 Celebrities Who Help Fight Poverty. Borgen Project. Retrieved from http://borgenproject.org/5celebritieshelpfightpoverty/ Whenever an organization is able to partner with a celebrity, they have a great way to reach the public.Trying to raise awareness is already hard enough but partnering with someone who has thousands of followers makes the task much easier. In Nina Verfaillie’s blog, she mentions five celebrities who have helped to fight against the battle of poverty. The five celebrities include Ellen Degeneres, JayZ, Leonardo Dicaprio, Angelina Jolie, and Lady Gaga. All five of these celebrities either gave their time, money, or both in order to help those in need. Verfaillie’s blog was featured under the Borgen Project’s site which is a national campaign that consists of United States leaders. The Borgen Project wants to make the issue of global poverty the focus and they feel that it begins with the leaders of the most powerful nation in the world. After reading this blog I felt that they should have been a little more specific on the things that the celebrities accomplished. They gave broad examples of ways each celebrity made an impact, which was a good place to start, but I would have been more interested if I knew names of the events, programs, websites etc. Registered Nurses’ Association of Ontario. (2013). Poverty action and resources. Retrieved from http://rnao.ca/resources/rnj/issues/novemberdecember2013/poverty The Registered Nursing Association of Ontario are a very high esteemed group of workers who decided to bring together the opportunity to share what they have been doing to help poverty decrease and explain to people the importance of reaching out to help. They listed many organizations that were created to help diminish poverty all over the globe, and how anyone can sign up to help. They also discussed poverty and the growing problem that it is creating and educating other people about it so that people can see why the help is needed. The website has good intentions but I believe they are pulling on people and their emotions in order to get help for their projects. Shah, A. (2010). Solving world hunger means solving world poverty. Global Issues. Retrieved from http://www.globalissues.org/article/8/solvingworldhungermeanssolvingworldpoverty Anup Shah, the author of this article, tells us how hunger and poverty are related. He argues that if we can solve world hunger, we can solve world poverty in its entirety. Shah states that the problem does not lie with the availability to get food, but that they do not have the means to produce mass amounts of food or to buy food for themselves. Shah believes that giving some canned food or even monetary donations, will not help solve world hunger. Instead, we must go back to the roots and find out why the nation is hungry in the first place. We must not offer these countries food, but offer them a way to produce food for themselves. Shah makes a lot of connections to politics in this article. He discusses the plans to solve hunger in both 1996 and 2002. He explains how the United States does not want to view food as a basic human right. He also states the difference in status between the rich and poor people of our world. For our purposes to find information on how poverty relates to business the excess of political information was not useful to me. I would not suggest this article to anyone just looking for information, unless it was about the political aspect of poverty. Although it was interesting to read, it did not apply to my research and was simply just a distraction. Toms. (2015). Local manufacturing goal reached. Toms Stories. Retrieved from http://www.toms.com/stories/giving/localmanufacturinggoalreached Toms offers shoes, sight, water, and many other necessities to countries in the midst of poverty. The company not only provides these things, but also provides jobs to local people. In 2013, Toms set a local manufacturing goal for their company. They wanted to build manufacturing plants in the countries that they were trying to help. They did not only meet this goal, but they well surpassed it. They have factories in Ethiopia, Haiti, Kenya and India. These factories abide by regular laws and offer the natives a place to work, while also making shoes for the people of the country. This directly connects to the issue of business in these countries. They are solving the problem, which is the lack of shoes, and eliminating the need to transport the product. I think that this website, but the article in particular is an excellent tool to find information about the effects being made to end poverty. POVERTY RELATED TO NURSING Poverty and nursing go hand in hand. Basic needs must be meet before a country can address other needs in life. Nursing provokes a certain level of thinking when poverty is being explained. Poverty is the crux in most cases when it comes to global health. A country must address poverty before many other issues can even be brought forward and sometimes fixing poverty can decrease other issues that a nation may have. Nurses see poverty associated with more than money. It is related ultimately to your health. INTERESTING THINGS FROM OTHER GROUPS Discrimination of women and men in the nursing field. GUN VIOLENCE Business: local businesses are largely affected by the gun violence and this can overall affect the economy Engineering: Smart guns (with the fingerprint or bracelet that must be wore to activate weapon) Physical Therapy: many people ignore the positive Nursing: mentor programs with gun violence Education: Teachers carrying weapons inside schools, southern states are more accepting and allow teachers to carry weapons, more willing IMMIGRATION Undecided (art): have campaigns of artists who are creating art from the communities they are coming from Engineering (Business): getting over the immigration issue (addressing stagnant economy) Undecided (criminal justice): Raids on Latin Americans who aren’t with papers Undecided (business): specialization of immigrants that use blue collar work Business management: Businesses are enjoying the immigrants because they are such good workers, Americans without jobs Accounting: Turkey accepting refugees, study done on their economy and its increase; Denmark seizing valuables from the refugees DISCRIMINATION Psychology: Higher risk of depression like symptom Justice Studies: Not just racist but more involved with practices in culture Psychology: New age racism is more internalized to where you don’t pay as much attention to it Biology/ premed: Main societal discrimination towards women in healthcare, more expensive insurance Poverty is my topic as of right now and I feel like it is a strong connection to my major. I also feel that writing a paper on poverty through the perspective of my major would be something that I could connect with. However, the discrimination within my major and that topic would be something I would consider because that would be something that I could relate more to personally. Simon Sinek TED Talk (Presenting Essay at the end of Semester) What is so Important about Why? There is a pattern that is the complete opposite to everyone else: THE GOLDEN CIRCLE Why – Few people know why they do it How – Some People know how they do it What – Many People know what they do People buy why you do it….
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