ARHI 2300 week 1
Popular in Art History I: Cave Painting to Michelangelo
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Maddi Huff on Wednesday September 7, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ARHI 2300 at University of Georgia taught by Neely, Elizabeth in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 20 views. For similar materials see Art History I: Cave Painting to Michelangelo in Art at University of Georgia.
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Date Created: 09/07/16
Guide: Works of art Vocabulary People ARHI 2300- Cave Painting to Michelangelo Lecture Notes Week 1 8/15/16 Paleolithic 1. What is art? a. Aesthetic embellishment of a crafted object b. Symbolic thought c. First work of art- red ochre with incised pattern found in Biomos Cave in South Africa 2. Sculpture in the round- work of art meant to be seen from all angles a. Venus of Willendorf- figurine of nude woman found in Austria b. Figurine- small portable sculpture c. Mobiliary art- art that can be carried form place to place d. Her abstract face is thought to represent all women. The accentuated features on her body is thought to represent fertility e. Composite creature- Creature made with assorted body parts from different animals usually symbolizes a divinity 3. Parietal art- paintings/engravings often found along cave walls a. Relief- carving into stone slab b. Cave paintings- earliest evidence of art c. The Hall of Bulls is found in the caves of Lascaux in France i. Depicts bison, bulls, stags, lions, etc. ii. Tools used include brushes, ochre paint, and mortal/pestle to grind the ochre iii. Sympathetic magic- The act of drawing animals was thought to bring plentiful herds and successful hunting d. Methods used include: i. Positive and negative prints ii. Outline with dots iii. Monochrome, bichrome, polychrome iv. Twisted perspective- combines profile/frontal perspectives v. Collocation- When placement of form conforms to shape/color of surface contours e. Wounded Bison and Man-Bird i. Is thought to depict the death of a man 8/17/16 Neolithic 1) Chauvet Cave, France a) Found by Jean-Marie Chauvet b) Pieces of artwork in found in cave used animal bones 2) Tools were used to draw on (incise) walls 3) Mural painting of aurochs, horses, rhinoceroi, and female figure a) Used profile perspective b) Bichrome (black and white) Guide: Works of art Vocabulary People c) The walls were scratched by bears beforehand, which helped in preparation for painting since the stone underneath is more porous. They were then painted white before the mineral pigments were applied. 4) Stonehenge- monoliths configured into a circle that were found in Salisbury Plain, England a) Stones were thought to have been dragged 20 miles b) Post and lintel- two vertical posts that support a horizontal lintel (connected) c) Trilithon- 3 stone construction (not connected) d) Woodhenge was discovers 2 miles away. It was built the same as Stonehenge but with wooden planks. e) It is though that people would travel from Woodhenge to Stonehenge as a part of a funeral procession. 8/19/16 Neolithic and onward 1) Catal Huyuk a) Distinct settlements b) First planned urban area c) Murals painted on walls d) Landscape with Volcanic Eruption- first known documented landscape painting. Is thought to depict volcanic eruption of the twin volcanoes, Hasan Dag i) Was reconstructed with watercolors 2) Mesopotamia “land between the rivers”- divided into 3 major periods a) Sumerian i) Early Writing Tablet- hardened clay receipt for beer written in cuneiform, the first known written language ii) The Flood Tablet- Relates part of the Epic of Gilgamesh. First known written literature.
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