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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Akila Webb on Wednesday September 7, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Pols 1101 at Georgia State University taught by TBA in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 2 views.
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Date Created: 09/07/16
Chapter 4: The Constitution: Origins, Principles and Development The Colonial Period General context of British colonialism in north America Importance of self-rule and constitutionalism The French and Indian War American colonist felt more secure from foreign threats and Britain began to impose taxes despite a lack of representation for the colonies parliament Turning point in British colonial relations British parliament enforces taxes on colonies to pay war debt ISSUE: right to not be taxed without representation NO TAXATION WITHOUT REPRSENTATION Tax Initiatives on the Colonies Sugar Act 1764 - tax on sugar Currency Act 1764 - taxes on taxes Stamp Act 1765 - tax for postage/mail Quartering Act 1765 – can’t say no to military personnel Declaratory Act 1766 Townshend Acts 1767 Tea Act 1773 – Led to the Boston Tea Party The Declaration of Independence America’s Creed All men are created equal All are endowed with natural rights, including the rights of life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness The purpose of government is to secure natural rights and to be legitimate government must derive it authority from the consent of the governed; and The people have a right (and perhaps even a duty) to “alter or abolish” government that is destructive of their natural rights Heart of the American Revolution: Done with Charles the 3 and his taxes. BASIS FOR THE CONSTITUITON The Revolutionary War New State Constitution o Common Features Tightly democratically controlled legislatures Separation of powers in theory but legislative dominates government in reality Declaration of legal rights Articles of Confederation *Pre-Constitution* Confederal Structure: o No distinct branches of government (simply a unicameral legislature called congress) o Lack of clear supremacy of threats and other national laws o Tight control of congressional delegates by state legislatures o Supermajority voting in congress o No direct control by the people over congress o Shay’s Rebellion as a turning point Problems w/ The Articles Central government powerless to gain revenue or get states to comply Ultimately led to instability of the union Challenging economic conditions Shay’s Rebellion Annapolis and Philadelphia Conventions, start to carry out the Constitutions The Constitution Preamble: Authority comes from the people; “We the people”. The primary purpose of the government is to secure rights and promote the welfare/happiness of the people. Article 1: The longest part of the constitution. Primarily discusses the legislative branch of government, establishes there will be a bicameral legislature called Congress that consists of the Senate and House of Reps. Article 2: Focuses on the executive branch and that the executive power is vested in the President, 35 years old, natural born citizen. Article 3: Federal court created by Congress. Judges serve until they die. Article 4: Discusses state laws and the responsibility that the federal government has to the states. Establishes Congress’ authority to regulate U.S. territories and to admit new states into the union. Article 5: This article describes the four different pathways by which the constitution can be amended. All states are represented in the Senate and may not be altered unless all states consent to it. Article 6: The federal law is supreme over the state law. The Constitution is “the supreme law of the land”. In effort to promote religious freedom, no more “religious test” for wo is eligible to serve in office. Article 7: The nine states that voted to ratify the constitution would then become established in those states. Amendments 1-10: Bill of Rights.
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