New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here


by: Akila Webb

GovWeek4 Pols 1101

Akila Webb

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

These are the last set of notes I will be posting before the Exam! These cover Chapter 4 Lecture and textbook
American Government
Class Notes
american, Government
25 ?




Popular in American Government

Popular in Department

This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Akila Webb on Wednesday September 7, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Pols 1101 at Georgia State University taught by TBA in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 2 views.


Reviews for GovWeek4


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 09/07/16
Chapter 4: The Constitution: Origins, Principles and Development The Colonial Period  General context of British colonialism in north America  Importance of self-rule and constitutionalism The French and Indian War  American colonist felt more secure from foreign threats and Britain began to impose taxes despite a lack of representation for the colonies parliament  Turning point in British colonial relations  British parliament enforces taxes on colonies to pay war debt  ISSUE: right to not be taxed without representation  NO TAXATION WITHOUT REPRSENTATION Tax Initiatives on the Colonies  Sugar Act 1764 - tax on sugar  Currency Act 1764 - taxes on taxes  Stamp Act 1765 - tax for postage/mail  Quartering Act 1765 – can’t say no to military personnel Declaratory Act 1766 Townshend Acts 1767  Tea Act 1773 – Led to the Boston Tea Party The Declaration of Independence America’s Creed  All men are created equal  All are endowed with natural rights, including the rights of life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness  The purpose of government is to secure natural rights and to be legitimate government must derive it authority from the consent of the governed; and  The people have a right (and perhaps even a duty) to “alter or abolish” government that is destructive of their natural rights  Heart of the American Revolution: Done with Charles the 3 and his taxes. BASIS FOR THE CONSTITUITON The Revolutionary War  New State Constitution o Common Features  Tightly democratically controlled legislatures  Separation of powers in theory but legislative dominates government in reality  Declaration of legal rights Articles of Confederation *Pre-Constitution*  Confederal Structure: o No distinct branches of government (simply a unicameral legislature called congress) o Lack of clear supremacy of threats and other national laws o Tight control of congressional delegates by state legislatures o Supermajority voting in congress o No direct control by the people over congress o Shay’s Rebellion as a turning point Problems w/ The Articles  Central government powerless to gain revenue or get states to comply  Ultimately led to instability of the union  Challenging economic conditions  Shay’s Rebellion  Annapolis and Philadelphia Conventions, start to carry out the Constitutions The Constitution Preamble: Authority comes from the people; “We the people”. The primary purpose of the government is to secure rights and promote the welfare/happiness of the people. Article 1: The longest part of the constitution. Primarily discusses the legislative branch of government, establishes there will be a bicameral legislature called Congress that consists of the Senate and House of Reps. Article 2: Focuses on the executive branch and that the executive power is vested in the President, 35 years old, natural born citizen. Article 3: Federal court created by Congress. Judges serve until they die. Article 4: Discusses state laws and the responsibility that the federal government has to the states. Establishes Congress’ authority to regulate U.S. territories and to admit new states into the union. Article 5: This article describes the four different pathways by which the constitution can be amended. All states are represented in the Senate and may not be altered unless all states consent to it. Article 6: The federal law is supreme over the state law. The Constitution is “the supreme law of the land”. In effort to promote religious freedom, no more “religious test” for wo is eligible to serve in office. Article 7: The nine states that voted to ratify the constitution would then become established in those states. Amendments 1-10: Bill of Rights.


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Kyle Maynard Purdue

"When you're taking detailed notes and trying to help everyone else out in the class, it really helps you learn and understand the I made $280 on my first study guide!"

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.