PKG 101 Week 2 Lecture Notes
PKG 101 Week 2 Lecture Notes PKG 101
Popular in Principles of Packaging
Popular in Packaging Science
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Samantha Shea on Wednesday September 7, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PKG 101 at Michigan State University taught by p. koning in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 70 views. For similar materials see Principles of Packaging in Packaging Science at Michigan State University.
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Date Created: 09/07/16
Tuesday, September 6th Lecture Notes Sunday, September 4, 1:31 PM HISTORY OF PACKAGING • Typical packages were made of: ○ Shells ○ Animal parts ○ Wood and bamboo ○ Grasses/leaves for baskets • The first known packaging law ○ Amphorae containing olive oil must be sta-‐state it was ty made in, the time it was pressed, and who produced it. • Packaging evolves based on societal advancements and cultural needs. • The industrial revolution (early 1700s) rapidly began to change the demand for packaging ○ The growth of cities, increased factory employment ○ Birth of mass production ○ Increased the need for transportation packaging ○ Sparked the concept of storing food longer • The first package considered to be a modern retail pack was produced for Uneeda biscuits ○ Signaled end of the cracker barrel era ○ Graphic arts came into common use ○ Package replaces clerk duty if "salesman service" • 20th century ○ Most of the machines used for packaging were developed in the last 100 years ○ Automation developed and applied in the last 50 years • Historical cause of change ○ War-‐ military conflicts ○ New technology ○ Defined customer or consumer needs ○ Cost savings ○ Environmental • Development ○ The creation of new package forms, materials, and processes ○ New innovative product ○ Defined customer or consumer needs ○ Cost savings ○ Environmental • Development The creation of new package forms, materials, and processes ○ ○ New innovative product ○ Or to fix an issue with an existing product ○ Cross-‐functional teams ○ Suppliers or potential customers • Production ○ Package production is usually performed by converters ○ Purchase materials, produce packages with them, and then sell those packages to another company ○ Some companies choose to perform their converting in -‐house • Filling & Closing/Selling ○ Filling and closing/selling can be done at the company that manufactures the product or separately. • Distribution ○ Distribution is the transport of finished products out into the market to wholesalers, retailers, and eventually the consumers' homes or point of end use. ○ Includes the use of appropriate shipping containers, cushioning, and other packaging materials. ○ Testing ○ Acceptable level of quality ○ Costs at a minimum • Mission statement ○ Research ○ Educate ○ Synthesize solutions ○ Service • Background and history ○ Established in 1952 as a discipline in the department of Forest Products ○ First U.S. University based packaging education program that offered B.S. ○ Organized an independent School of Packaging in the College of Agriculture in 1957 • Packaging course ○ Packaging can be scientific and technical as well as artistic and creative; the balance of these attributes is one of the reasons packaging is such an interesting field to be a part of. • There are also National Programs in addition to MSU. the balance of these attributes is one of the reasons packaging is such an interesting field to be a part of. • There are also National Programs in addition to MSU.
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