DES 308 Lighting Design, Week 1, Reading Notes
DES 308 Lighting Design, Week 1, Reading Notes 308
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kaylee Lynn Rowland on Wednesday September 7, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 308 at University of Wisconsin - Stout taught by Julie Peterson in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views. For similar materials see Lighting Design in DESIGN at University of Wisconsin - Stout.
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Date Created: 09/07/16
DES 308 Lighting Design Instructor: Julie Peterson Due: Friday, September 9, 2016 Reading NOTES Why Creativity Thrives in the Dark “New research confirms that when the lights switch off, something in the brain switches on.” -Darkness triggers a chain of interrelated processes one of the being beneficial to creativity. This study was noted in the September issue of the Journal of environmental psychology. -Before this study, it was thought that brighter light is preferred and better for the work environment. Bright light symbolized alertness, insight, and also is a way for employers to keep an eye on their employee’s -During this study was to see how well people performed in an environment with a lower light setting during creative assignments. - First test Two groups of people were taken, one group thought and described in detail a bright location while the other group describedand thought of a dark location. After this part of the study took place, both groups were asked to draw an alien from a different galaxy. After an independent judge rated the images, it was found that the group who thought of the dark locations had more creative aliens with creative features, like x-ray eyes, etc. This study showed that even just by thinking of different lighting environments that your mind can be effected. -Test Two This test had 114 participants that were split into three groups. Each group was sat at a cubicle with different levels of light. One group had desk lights of 500 lux, which is the work pace standard, another group had a brighter light of 1,500 lux, which is usually standard for TV studios. The third group was given the dimmest light of 150 lux, which is consistentwith avery cloudy day. Each group was given the same insight problems to solve. The people in the dim workspaces ended up solving way more problems thanthose in the bright cubicles.This study suggests that dim lighting can push our brain into a different more creative processes than when in a brighter lit room. nd -Final Test This test was much like the 2 test, except that four logic problems were given to the groups and it was found that while creativity may thrive in the dim lighting, analytical thinking flourishes in the brighter light. -After all of these tests, Steidel recommends to have a flexible lighting situation for employees depending on what job tasks are assigned. “After all, great ideas might arrive in the darkness, but a lot of other work is needed to help them see the light of day.” https://www.fastcodesign.com/3020888/evidence/why-creativity-thrives-in-the-dark Lighting Design-DES 308 Instructor:Julie Peterson Due: Friday, September 9, 2016 READING NOTES FUNDAMENTALS OF LIGHTING by SUSAN WINCHIP Light is a form of energy that is part of the electromagnetic spectrum that is visible to the human eye, it is measured in lumens (lm) Importance of quality lighting -Allows for people using that light to functioncomfortable in an interior space. -People tend to feel safer in well lit areas -Gives an opportunityto appreciate and admire the visual aesthetic that lights have Key characteristics of light and some of the effectslight has on the human response Natural Light– Direct light (Sun / Moon)or indirect natural light Layered Lighting – includesnatural indirect and direct light mixed with an electrical light source. This can be used for general task, accent and decorative lighting techniques. Lighting can give humans an Emotive response, it can cause you tofeel excited, mysterious, magical or even terrified and many more. Basic parts of the eye and vision process • Accommodation: the lens adjusts the perception of light for near and far vision and the cornea focuses light on the retina of the eye by refraction • Rods and cones are detector cells located at the back of the retina • Adaptation: the eye adjusts itself to the amount of brightness entering the pupil -Winchip, Chapter 1 Slideshow, Vision and Lighting– Slide 12 Visual acuity – The ability of the eye to see detail and color General, task, accent, and decorative lighting techniques General Lighting- uniform lighting that allows you to see the entire shape and size of a space, it also creates a mood or a character of a space. Daylight is a source of general lighting. Task Lighting- Light that is used for specific activities, it tends to be adjustable and can sometimes have dimmers to customize use for each user. Potential glares, shadows and a possibility of an uncomfortable amounts of bright light. Portable fixtures, pendants, recessed, track and structural lighting Accent Lighting – (Focal lighting) typically emphasizes artwork, water, fabrics, architectural details, textures, forms and plants.30 Degree angle of these lights is recommended. This is to distinguish an accent item from its surrounding area. This type of lighting can create dramatic light and shadows which are often found in paintings. Shadows can create unique focal points of a surface or object Grazing- Reveals texture and form of an object Back lighting – creates a pattern of silhouettes Decorative lighting– Focal point of a space / Ornamental light sources that illuminates an area but are also viewed as artistic pieces Fixtures that are used for general, task, accent, and decorative lighting General lighting- Daylight Task lighting fixtures– Portable, pendants, recessed, track, and structural lighting Accent lighting fixtures- Uplights, recessed spots, spotlight, projectors Decorative lighting fixtures– Chandeliers, Tiffany glass shades, neon tubes, lasers, etc.
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