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Introduction to Sociology 1838G Week 1 Notes

by: Alyssa Andrea

Introduction to Sociology 1838G Week 1 Notes SOC 1838G - 004

Marketplace > Eastern Illinois University > Sociology > SOC 1838G - 004 > Introduction to Sociology 1838G Week 1 Notes
Alyssa Andrea

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Notes from the first week of class. Covers purpose of Sociology and its founding theories.
Introductory Sociology
Shane D. Soboroff
Class Notes




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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alyssa Andrea on Wednesday September 7, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOC 1838G - 004 at Eastern Illinois University taught by Shane D. Soboroff in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 41 views. For similar materials see Introductory Sociology in Sociology at Eastern Illinois University.

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Date Created: 09/07/16
8/24 Introductions to Sociology I. What is Sociology?   A. Scientific Study of Human Social Relationships   B. Areas of Study      1. Crime      2. Work and Organizations      3. Family      4. Poverty      5. Social Stratification      6. Social Psychology   C. Why Study Society Scientifically?      1. Science is a method for reducing biases we all have about the world we live in.        ­Fundamental Attribution Error: believing a person’s behavior is due to  their character when it is actually a result of the situation in which they find  themselves.       2. Good knowledge is useful knowledge      3. Science         ­Leads to explanations (called theories) through rigorous research that  others can recreate.       4. Why not just state opinions?         ­Research process is not unbiased         ­Methods reduce biases so at least people can agree when we are right  or wrong, regardless of whether they agree with the outcome.   D. Some Questions      1. Why do some people have so much and others so little?      2. How and why has the family changed over time?      3. How much schooling or money do people need to feel happy? 8/26 Sociology  The Sociological Imagination Introduction : Times of turmoil lead people to question whether they have a  lot of power in their lives. Peter Berger “The sociological perspective is  seeing the general in the particular.” Try to see the strange in the familiar. I. Individual Choice   A. Sociology makes us uncomfortable      1. Shows us how our choices are shaped by other people      2. Often points out that what makes us “unique” is determined by our  shared culture and group affiliation.      3. We have much less to say about how our lives turn out than most of us  would like to admit.   B. Suicide      1. Emile Durkheim, French Sociologist (First Sociology Professor)        ­Friend in college committed suicide.        ­Friend was from an upper class, educated family. Made no sense to  Durkheim why he killed himself.      2. What is a social fact?         ­A fact about a group of people (cannot predict individual behavior)         ­Suicide vs. suicide rate 8/28 Sociology I. Groups   A. Member recognition   B. Have distinct boundaries   C. Share group norms       1. Created in pursuit of same goal       2. Norms can lead to laws       3. Norms develop very quickly II. Suicide: Structure and Culture    A. Norms are cultural expectations for behavior        1. Represent the beliefs of a group about what behaviors are acceptable        2. Sanctions for following and violating norms    B. Recurring patters of relationships between people in society are called  social structure        1. More connections to others, more enforcement of norms        2. More contact with others, less opportunity for norm violations    C. Suicide due to Regulatory Problems        1. Not enough normative regulation           ­Anomic suicide. Anomic means “normlessness”. Occurs when people aren’t sure what they should or shouldn’t do. Moral confusion often occurs  with upheaval in society.        2. Too much normative regulation           ­Fatalistic Suicide. No freedom to act makes some prefer death to life.  Impossible to transcend the control of others such as in prison or asylum.    D. Suicide due to Integration Problems        1. Egoistic Suicide: feeling shunned, detachment from other people, or  removed from opportunities to form social bonds.         2. Altruistic Suicide: Excessive integration. Needs of the collective put  above needs of the individual. Death serves the purpose of the greater good.  Ex: Military


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