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Organic Chemistry, Week 1 Notes

by: Ally Eubanks

Organic Chemistry, Week 1 Notes Chem 3361

Ally Eubanks
GPA 3.5

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About this Document

The first week notes are a review of the basics.
Organic Chemistry I
Dr. Ronald Okoth
Class Notes
25 ?




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ally Eubanks on Wednesday September 7, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Chem 3361 at Georgia College & State University taught by Dr. Ronald Okoth in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views. For similar materials see Organic Chemistry I in Organic Chemistry at Georgia College & State University.

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Date Created: 09/07/16
CHEM 3361 Week 1 Organic Chemistry – Acids and Bases There are three subatomic particles 1. Electrons  Electrons have a negative (­) charge. 2. Neutrons  Neutrons have a neutral (0) charge. 3. Protons  Protons have a protons (+) charge. Picture Key Electron Neutron Proton Carbon Molecule     Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle­ Electrons have wave­like properties and we can’t  know their exact position, but we can predict where they’re most likely to be.     Wave function­ The probability of finding an electron near the nucleus. Wave function is  referred to as orbitals. Orbitals are described by shape, size, and direction.  The 1  shell has two electrons. CHEM 3361 Week 1 o 1s  The 2  Shell has 8 electrons. o 2s, 2p  The 3  Shell has 18 electrons. o 3s, 3p, 3d     Degenerate orbitals­ orbitals that have the same energy.  The p­orbital has 3 degenerate orbitals. o P ,xP ,yP z  The d­orbital has 5 degenerate orbitals. o d , d , d , d , d 2 2 z xz yz xy x ­y * Only Valence electrons react.* Electron Configuration Diagram in Carbon: x_______ y _______ z_______  2p  _______  2s  _______  1s  Ionic bond­ attraction between oppositely charged ions.  Coulombic force­ the attractive force in ionic bonds.  Nonpolar Covalent bonds­ bonds that occur between identical atoms.  Electronegativity­ the tendency for an atom to take an electron from another atom (its  ability to pull electrons to itself). When the difference in electronegativity is…  Greater than 2, the bond is ionic.  Moderate (between 0.5 – 1.9), the bond is polar covalent.  Small (0.0 – 0.4), the bond is non­polar covalent. Lewis Structures  Hydrogen is surrounded by no more than 2 electrons.  Carbon, Oxygen, Nitrogen, and Halogens (Fluorine, Chlorine, Bromine, and Iodine) are  surrounded by no more than 8 electrons.   Formal charge = (# of valence e) – (# of lone pair e) + ½ (# of bonding e) ­


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