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Week 2 (August 28-September 02) - Introduction to International Relations

by: Ricardo Rauseo

Week 2 (August 28-September 02) - Introduction to International Relations INR2001

Marketplace > University of Florida > INR2001 > Week 2 August 28 September 02 Introduction to International Relations
Ricardo Rauseo
GPA 3.8

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About this Document

These notes cover what we saw on Week 2: Theories of International Relations
Introduction to International Relations
Zachary Selden
Class Notes
intro, International, relations
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ricardo Rauseo on Wednesday September 7, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to INR2001 at University of Florida taught by Zachary Selden in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 29 views.

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Date Created: 09/07/16
Monday, August 29, 2016 Theoretical lenses  Big paradigms: Realism and Liberalism  Two ways of looking at the world with some similar assumptions  Both start with assumption of anarchy in the international system, but diverge from here  Both have many sub-variants depending on what they want to explain  Presidential candidates, even if it doesn’t seem so, are always under one of these two paradigms Realism  Oldest school of thought in international relations  Thucydides’ Pelopennisian Wars first Realist books  Athens and Sparta were doomed to fight because they could not trust each other  Growing power of one would come at the expense of the other  Strong do what they can, weak do what they must  Strong can get away with it because there is no one to stop them  You can’t rely on someone to come to your aid  Survival of the fittest  You can do alliances, but it is ultimately down to you  International system is anarchic/ No one will necessarily come to your assistance  Self-help system. Amass power to protect yourself  Classical-realism— dark interpretation of human nature  In the absence of enforceable law, states will tend to conflict  We’re not all bad, but some are and you have to be able to protect yourself Structural realism  Structural (neo-realism) focuses on structure of the system  Nature abhors a vacuum so we expect to always have some balance of power o While one state gets powerful, you would expect that others rise up and balance things out so they are not vulnerable  Bipolar with two roughly equal superpowers o If some small states change alliances, it won’t make much of a differenceIdea that it is the most stable o There is a lot of opportunities for miscommunication, there are alliances between the small statesIdea that it is the most conflictive  Multipolar with several great powers  Unipolar o Not stable because, small states would want to rise and the major power will try to stop this from happening  Which is most stable and least prevalent to war?  Expects states to balance power but sometimes they might want to join up with the stronger side- why? o They might profit from it  Do states balance against power, or against threats? o Who gets to decide what is a what is not a threat?  Structural realism is parsimonious- uses a few variables to explain a lotThat’s good as a theoretical perspective  But can we really treat all states the same? o Not that realistic though Security Dilemma  How do you make yourself secure without threatening to others?  Everyone sees their actions as defensive  In anarchic situation how can you build up defense with creating spiral towards conflict? o Every state has a ministry of defense but no one has a ministry of offense, and that is misunderstood Liberalism  If realism sees the glass half empty, liberalism sees it half full  Lots of cooperation in international arena and potential for more  Problem is how to have confidence in anarchic situation  Intellectual roots- the Enlightenment  Liberalism basis of American system of government  Big theorists of the Enlightenment- Locke, Hume, Adam Smith  Immanuel Kantperpetual peace  Democratic peaceif you have more democracies in the world, you’ll have less conflict  Basic ideas in liberal international relations theories  Cooperation is beneficial and more of it is possible  Global politics is a variable sum game- mutual gains are possible  Cooperation is facilitated by interdependence and institutions  Character of state matters- democracy important  Liberal see the world as not a place of conflict, but were all of the states are interdependent and that creates cooperation o Do not shoot your costumer  It is anarchic but we are not slaves to that Liberalism roots  Idea or just war- when is war legitimate? What should be the standards of conduct?  Anarchy can be controlled  Liberalism agrees international system is anarchic, but sees that at something to be tamed  John Locke focused on what goes on inside states  Social contract between the governed ad the government  Guarantee of property rights, limited state


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