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Gods, Heroes, and Monsters- Weeks 2 and 3

by: Anton Nguyen

Gods, Heroes, and Monsters- Weeks 2 and 3 CLT 3370

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Anton Nguyen

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These are notes from weeks 2 and 3
Gods, Heroes and Monsters
Dr. Eleni Manolaraki
Class Notes
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Anton Nguyen on Wednesday September 7, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CLT 3370 at University of South Florida taught by Dr. Eleni Manolaraki in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 14 views.


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Date Created: 09/07/16
Gods, Heroes, and Monsters – Weeks 2 and 3  Archetypal Images of Creation o Man and woman procreate and life is created o There’s a mother figure or Earth mother  Phaeton’s and Endymion’s Sarcophagi o They are used to depict each of the myths, sarcophagi are made of soft stone which is then carved to tell the myths o While also being used to store their supposed mortal remains o Recap of Myths:  Phaeton  In this myth, Phaethon was challenged by his friends to find out if his father was actually Apollo, the sun god. And when he found out from his mother that his father was in fact Apollo, Phaeton wanted some proof from Apollo was actually Apollo.  So, Apollo promised to grant Phaethon any wish, which was to drive the sun chariot, even though Apollo knew Phaethon wasn’t going to be able the horses and tried to reason with him. In the end Apollo kept his promise  Obviously Phaethon wasn’t able to control the sun chariot and was about to burn the earth. To prevent this, Zeus threw his thunderbolt at the chariot and killing Phaethon in the process  Endymion  Selene, the Titaness of the moon loved a mortal named Endymion. She then goes to Zeus in order put Endymion into an eternal slumber because she loved how he looked when he was asleep  Variants of Endymion o Zeus punishes Selene which leads to  Female desires being controlled by the patriarchy  And women are restricted to female duties such as taking care of the household o Zeus grants Selene her wish, which  Allowed Endymion to become immortal  Shows Zeus as a kind and benevolent  Makes female desire legitimated, allowing them to be attracted to the male body  Depicts female “rape” of human men  And shows Eros as a desire for control o Zeus grants Endymion wish of  Eternal sleep  Which can be seen as humans being freed from misery, and makes sleep look like freedom o With these different variations, listeners project gender experience into the story  The fall of Phaeton- What did the Greeks consider important? Or the takeaway points? o Oaths are very important in Greek culture, and is considered taboo if one is broken o Lineage is important especially for demigods, as it’s good to know what god is your parent o Shame culture is prevalent, especially in the case of oaths o And one should maintain his/her place in society, not aspiring for something more or bigger  Thoughts on Phaethon o Paternity is problematic, because there are many male deities and maternity is given o Sons need a father figure to validate themselves to society o And that there is a generational conflict, with the son having a desire to overthrow the current authority/previous generation o But the father figure has a right to strike down the destructive youth o Paternal wisdom should be seen as a respected source of information o An increased emphasis of vows and oaths o And there’s a view of glory and fragility of youth and the human condition  Social and Psychological Insights from Eos and Tithonus  The myth is about Tithonus, a mortal Trojan born of royalty, who was the lover of Eos, the Titaness of the dawn. When Eos went to Zeus to ask for Tithonus to be made immortal, she didn’t ask for eternal youth. This led to her lover to be made immortal but was unable to move around as he grew older. Eos soon placed Tithonus in a room and left him there for the rest of eternity o Be careful of what you wish for, because there are many outcomes for whatever you desire o Longevity and immortality are nothing without eternal youth o Eros is the physical attraction kind of love; while philia is the caring type of love o Denial and avoidance are used coping strategies  Castration of Uranus o What are some life realities, behaviors and family scenarios that were fictionalized and dramatized in Cronus’ deed?  An example of the younger generation overthrowing the older generation, and how the son showed resentment of the father  Don’t overstep your boundaries, but if you do, expect repercussions  Castration was seen as misfortune  As it leads to the “loss of power” due to the inability to procreate, and unable to me the patriarch  Social and Behavioral Motifs of Uranus’ Castration o The father fears his children, and therefore antagonizes them o This leads to the wife being disconnected her husband  And so the mother begins to use her children for:  A shield against the father  Or raising a son of hers to become the man of the household  While shifting loyalties from the good-for-nothing father to the son o And later on, the son will “destroy” the father  Freud’s Castration Complex o A male’s fear of castration is due to the guilt he has for desiring his mother  Interpretations of Cronus swallowing his children o The Ancient View  His kids were swallowed whole, and were able to be vomited out whole  And when “Zeus” (the rock in his place) was eaten, nothing was wrong in life and was peaceful  The myths tended to stay away from violence o The Modern View  These versions tended to be more violent and gruesome  And instead of swallowing them whole, Cronus tore apart his kids as he ate them, emphasizing the violence while making it seem more extreme and realistic  Symbolic Aspects of Cronus’ Cannibalism o Social: Intergenerational hostility o Anthropological: Father’s resentment of children o Zoological: Male animals often kill young because they don’t want to share the female’s attention o Political: A leader’s violence against people o Biological: The rarity of meat back in the day, as it wasn’t as abundant. Limited to what was hunted or raised. o Metaphysical: Human fear of Chronus (Father Time) and death o Metaphoric: “I eat you up!” Kids go to their mothers, instead of their fathers  Eros as a Prime Mover o Love was there since the beginning of the elements o Can be perceived as either erotic love or philia o And love “makes the world go around”  The Nature of Eros o Why does the representation of Eros change from non- representational to anthromophic?  It changed so it would make love more relatable, because in the Western world, deities would be more “human-like” or in its own image, while also because people like seeing people o How is Eros represented differently in social contexts below and why? o Two pictures, one of the pictures was of him first giving gifts to a woman and then having sex with her, while the second was of Eros chasing a deer for someone  In the first picture, Eros was teasing the woman with gifts, but soon the relationship begins to become more serious as they begin to have sex. This shows the sexual side of Eros.  While in the second one, Eros is seen to be catching a deer and bringing it to someone, which shows the caring and nurturing side, or philia, of Eros. o Why are wings a feature of Eros?  The wings represent the fast and fleeting feeling of love, how it can be present one moment, the next it can disappear.  Also signifies how love can take flight and soar like birds.  Thoughts on Eros o Incarnated as a human being in order to be more relatable o Wings express psychological and biological symptoms of feeling “high” from endorphins or of “flight” like flying in the air o He’s known to deceive women, but is more honorable with men (erastes-eromenos)


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