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Elementary Spanish I and II: Lesson 2 Part 1 and 2

by: Imani Brown

Elementary Spanish I and II: Lesson 2 Part 1 and 2

Marketplace > Camden County College > > Elementary Spanish I and II Lesson 2 Part 1 and 2
Imani Brown

GPA 3.7

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Lecture Notes for Lesson 2 in Elementary Spanish I and II. Topics include: Regular -ar verbs, Adjective Placement, Possessive Adjectives, Vocabulary for Family and School Subjects (Notes based on...
Elementary Spanish I and II
Class Notes
#Spanish #grammar, #Vocabulary, #-arverbs, #familia, #adjectives
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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Imani Brown on Wednesday September 7, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to at Camden County College taught by in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 59 views.


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Date Created: 09/07/16
Elementary Spanish I and II Lesson 2: Part 1 {Each section has color codes and examples to help you understand the notes and be able to read in English and Spanish} Gràmatica Tener- To have  Yo- tengo  Tù- tienes  Èl/ella/usted- tiene  Nosotros (as)- tenemos  Vosotras (as)- tenèis  Ellos/Ellas- tienen The verb tener also means to be when using certain expressions.  Mi major amiga tiene diecinueve anos- My best friend is 19 years old.  Yo siempre tengo hambre antes del almuerzo – I am always hungry before lunch. Expresiones con Tener  tener… anos- to be…. years old  tener (mucho) calor- to be very cold  tener (mucho) cuidado- to be very careful  tener (mucho) èxito- to be very successful  tener (mucho) frìo- to be very cold  tener (mucho) hambre- to be very hungry  tener (mucho) miedo- to be very afraid  tener (mucha) prisa- to be in a (big) hurry  tener razòn- to be right  tener (mucha) sed- to be very thirsty  tener (mucho) sueno- to be very sleepy  tener (mucha) suerte- to be very lucky Adjective Placement  The adjective usually goes after the noun its describing.  La quìmica no es una clase fàcil – Chemistry is not an easy class.  Adjectives that describe quantity or amount are placed in front of the noun; mucho- much/ a lot/very; poco- a little; varios- several  Tengo varias clases los jueves, pero no tengo clase los viernes- I have several classes on Thursdays, but I don’t have class on Fridays.  Use commas and y (and) when using more than one adjective.  Mis clases son largas, difficìcles y abuuridos- My classes are long, difficult, and boring. Vocabulario Las materìas acadèmicas  alemàn- (m.)- German  àlgebra (m.)- Algebra  arte (m.)- Art  biologìa- Biology  càlculo- Calculus  ciencias naturales- Natural Science  ciencias politicas- Political Science  ciencias sociales- Social Science  criminologìa- Criminology  economìa- Economic  educaciòn fìsica (f.)- Physical Education  filosofìa- Philosophy  fìsica (f.)- Physics  francès (m.)- French  geografìa- Geography  geometrìa- Geometry  historia- History  informàtica- Computer Science  ingenierìa- Engineering  inglès (m.)- English  literatura- Literature  matemàticas- Mathematics  mùsica- Music  negocios- Business  periodismo- Journalism  psicologìa- Psychology  quìmica- Chemistry  redacciòn (f.)- Writing  teatro- Theater  veterinaria- Veterinary Medicine Palabras adicionales  companero(a)- classmate  de clase curso- term  examen (m.)- exam  lenguas- languages  mucho- a lot  nota- grade  poco- a little, few  tarea- homework  varios- several Elementary Spanish I and II Lesson 2: Part 1 {Each section has color codes and examples to help you understand the notes and be able to read in English and Spanish} Gràmatica Regular -ar verbs  Infinitive form- Identifies the action; translated as to do in English  Example- Bailar = to dance  Needs to be conjugated when in infinitive when you are identifying what the person is doing; all regular -ar verbs are conjugated in the same way  To conjugate -ar verbs in present form, drop the -ar and add an ending that reflects what the person is doing  Conjugations for -ar verbs  Yo -o  Tù -as  Èl/ella/usted -a  Nosotros (as) -amos  Vosotros (as) -àis  Ellos/ellas/ustedes -an  When you use two verbs that depend on each other, the second verb remains in infinitive form. If they don’t depend on each other, they are conjugated.  Los students necesitan estudiar- The students’ need to study.  Mi primo trabaja, practica deportes y estudia en la universidad – My cousin works, practice sports, and studies in the university.  To make a negative statement, just place no before the verb.  No yo nado- I don’t swim.  Form a question by raising your voice and putting the subject after the conjugated verb; No helping verbs in Spanish  ¿Cocinas tù bien? – Do you cook well? Possessive adjectives  Possessive adjectives:  mi(s)- my  tu(s)-your  su(s)- his, her, its, your (formal); their, your (plural, informal or formal)  nuestro(a)(s)- our  vuestro(a)(s)- your (plural, informal)  Must agree in number and gender; Nuestro and vuestro are the only ones that need to change for gender  Nuestra familia es muy grande= Our family is very big.  The’s are not in Spanish; use de to show possession and ownership. Use del when de is next to el.  Elena es la hija de Juan= Elena is Juan’s daughter.  Anita es una amiga del professor= Anita is the professor’s friend. Vocabulario La Familia  abuelo(a)- grandfather/grandmother  amigo(a)- friend  cunado(a)- brother-in-law/sister-in-law  esposo(a)- spouse (husband/wife)  hermanastro(a)- stepbrother/stepsister  hermano(a)- brother/sister  hijo(a)- son/daughter  madastra- stepmother  madre (mama)- mother  medio(a) hermano(a)- half-brother/sister  nieto(a)- grandson/granddaughter  novio(a)- boyfriend/girlfriend  padastro- stepfather  padre (papa)- father  pareja- couple/partner  pariente (m.)- relative  primo(a)- cousin  sobrino(a)- nephew/niece  suegro(a)- father-in-law/mother-in-law  tìo(a)- uncle/aunt Las mascotas  caballo -horse  gato(a) -cat  pàjaro –bird  perro(a) -dog  pez(m.) -fish  ratòn(m.) mouse Los verbos  ayudar- to help  bailar- to dance  buscar- to find/look for  caminar- to walk  cantar- to sing  cocinar- to cook  comprar- to purchase/buy  desear- to wish  ensenar- to teach  escuchar- to listen  esquiar- to ski  estudiar- to study  hablar (por telefono)- to talk (on the phone)  limpiar- to clean  llamar- to call  llegar- to arrive  mirar (la tele)- to watch (TV)  nadir- to swim  necesitar- to need  perder- to lose  practicar (deportes)- to practice (to play sports)  preguntar- to ask  regresar (a casa)- to return (home)  tomar (cafè)- to take, to drink (coffee)  trabajar- to work  viajar- to travel


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