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ISS 315, Week 1 Notes

by: Chelsea Dickens

ISS 315, Week 1 Notes ISS 315

Marketplace > Michigan State University > ISS 315 > ISS 315 Week 1 Notes
Chelsea Dickens
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Hey Everybody! This is the broken down easy way to study for ISS 315.
Global Diversity/Interdepend
Y. Sinha
Class Notes
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Chelsea Dickens on Wednesday September 7, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ISS 315 at Michigan State University taught by Y. Sinha in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 431 views.


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Date Created: 09/07/16
ISS 315 9/1/16 1) Yoganand Sinha a) 312 Baker b) 11: 45 pm T and Th c)3:45-4:45 pm F 2) Caitlin Vogelsberg a) 4A01 East Fee b) Wed. 10-11 am 3) 2 midterms and 1 Cummulative Final Homework: Start reading The Age of Empire 9/6/16 Globalization and Economic systems Biological diversity Cultural diversity -culture is informally learned and is the nature of the world around us and specifies our role in reality culture is how we should act toward human and object Who are we? Everyone has culture and culturally traditioned Enculturation-given to you by your culture without you being conscious of it  Not always aware of the choices we’re making  This is how things are done  What we get as we grow up -“This is a boy, this is a girl” “this is good, this is bad”  “Men are ‘pigs’” in the case of sexuality in American society  different assumptions for different cultures and different people Family  psychological and emotional concepts -concepts of love from different members of the family  family is monogyny-one man and one woman -traditonal family in the American culture  polygyny-one man several women vs. polyandry –one woman and several men  every culture has an incest taboo, cross- culturally it is variable not just limited to close family but several generations in some cultures  same sex marriage is legal but not accepted, or it is illegal but accepted Ethnocentrism  the ability of people from cultures to look upon different cultures as subordinate or wrong in comparison  you’re assumptions are right and theirs are wrong Cultural diversity limits communication or adopting their cultural traits cross-culturally  some degree of contact always existed between ancestral humans-i.e. genetic information  modern humans share some genetics and we can also look at shared cultural ideas between populations  hunting/gathering is the longest lasting strategy that has lasted in human existence -in low population you can use this for generations without depleting an environment or population -total equality between people -everyone knows how to do the same job -no social stratification  same wealth, same food access, etc. -simple lifestyle and ethically do not need stuff because they are nomads Generalized reciprocity  people are constantly giving and taking while no one keeps track of exchange or the time place in which it takes place because no one cares  dominant exchange pattern in hunter/gather societies linked in social ties -creates bonds and relationships between groups  The negative can occur when groups are removed from each other or ethnocentric towards one another  Can handle economic problems by the simple idea of repaying debt -Big man societies use generalized reciprocity to control government debts or corporate debts by calling all his favors in Excess goods are transferred to a group that may need it, redistributing wealth  Status and wealth increase from this  Doing it for status and prestige rather than capital accumulation- it is a general assumption in our society that people are motivated to help for wealth accumulation rather than other needs Balanced Reciprocity  Bartering between cultures that are unfamiliar with each other  This stops communication and contact after the exchange has been made -no social obligations to each other Negative Reciprocity  Take something and not giving something back  Raiding  Native American societies-Plain Indians  Excess wealth/goods can be raided or targeted by other people Can still be equally distributed Cultures and its barriers still to some degree of some type of exchange or communication amongst one another  Economic exchange-this has been known to promote the exchange of culturally ideas, art, science, language and other traits State Level Organization  Kings, knights, peasants  Different statuses -lower or greater access to resources


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