New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Diagnostic and Statistical Manual Outline

by: Sarah Parker

Diagnostic and Statistical Manual Outline PHI 3453

Sarah Parker
GPA 3.2

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

This is an outline of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM) lesson for Unit One.
Philosophy of Psychiatry
Carol S Gould
Class Notes
philosophy, psychiatry, FAU, DSM, PHI, 3453, PHI3453
25 ?




Popular in Philosophy of Psychiatry

Popular in Political Science, Philosophy, & Religion

This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sarah Parker on Wednesday September 7, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PHI 3453 at Florida Atlantic University taught by Carol S Gould in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 42 views. For similar materials see Philosophy of Psychiatry in Political Science, Philosophy, & Religion at Florida Atlantic University.

Popular in Political Science, Philosophy, & Religion


Reviews for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual Outline


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 09/07/16
Philosophy of Psychiatry Professor Gould DSM Notes Unit One Highlight = Important Principle Highlight = Important Concept Highlight = Key Term TERMINOLOGY  DSM: Diagnostic and Statistical Manual; A guide used by clinicians to diagnose patients. A diagnosis is determined by a cluster of symptoms. The DSM contains diagnostic codes necessary for an insurance claim.  Nosology: The study of classification of diseases.  Exogenous disorders: Caused by external factors, e.g. death of a family member, divorce, etc.  Endogenous disorders: Internal origin, e.g. brain injury, chemical imbalance, etc.  Psychodynamic model: Disorders classified in terms of purported causality, as a person’s interaction with its psychological, social, and physical environment.  Emil Kraepelin: Created the dual-category system of classification of mental illness (Exogenous and endogenous); the DSM has been heavily influenced by his ideals since the 1980s. PSYCHOTHERAPUTIC VS N EUROBIOLOGICAL TREATMENTS - Psychotherapeutic - Cognitive Behavioral Therapy - Oriented around the mind rather than the brain - Hardly funded by insurance, making it difficult for patients to afford proper treatment and leaving them with high co-pays. - Neurobiological Treatment - Medication to address mental illness - Oriented around the brain rather than the mind - Favored approach by insurance companies and more easily accessible - Look for chemical imbalances that cause mental illnesses THE DSM O VERVIEW - The DSM, or Diagnostic and Statistical Manual, is used by health professionals when diagnosing a patient with a mental illness. Each diagnosis has a specific code for the doctor to submit to make an insurance claim. The diagnosis must adhere to specific symptoms in the DSM, which has been cause for controversy in the philosophic and psychiatric community as some symptoms could have one of several underlying conditions. However, in order to file an insurance claim and receive financial assistance with treatment, the diagnosis must be made through the DSM. PROBLEMS WITH THE DSM - In addition to the questionable method of diagnosing patients using the DSM, some have argued that the manual contains sexist, racist, and class biases. The current DSM, called DSM 5, is under fire by members of the medical community for pathologizing normal human behavior, such as reacting to a death of a loved one through grief and mourning. This is now considered to be a symptom of clinical depression. It has also broadened some categories while limiting others, which has been criticized as well. For example, hoarding is now considered an independent diagnosis, whereas before it was a symptom of ODC. O RIGIN The DSM derives from the 1840 United States Census, which included an option to mark someone as having “idiocy/insanity” in order to get more statistics on the population. DSM I AND II  DSM I was published in 1952  These DSMs did not have a list of symptoms.  DSM II was published in 1968  Both created based on a Psychodynamic model and were strongly influenced by psychoanalysis  They contained three categories of mental disorders: - Psychosis - Neuroses - Character (now known as personality disorders) DSM III AND IV - DSM III was published in 1980. - Classifications became empirical: - Classified by symptoms (observed and reported) - Rejected the psychoanalytic model - Took the genetics and physical characteristics of the patient into consideration. - Both the DSM III and IV utilized the multiaxial system: it took the physical, mental, and social aspects of the patient’s condition into consideration for diagnosis and treatment. EMIL K RAEPELIN - Influenced DSM III and all that came after - Created the dual-category system of classification—included exogenous and endogenous disorders. - Did not realize his own prejudices against others, causing erroneous psychiatric ideas - Coined the terms autistic personality and paranoia - Believed in 19 century positivism DSM 5: H OW IT DIFFERS FROM THE PREVIOUS VERSIONS DSM 5 is the most recent publication of the DSM (2013) and contains many differences from the previous versions. - Instead of identifying with Roman numerals, DSM 5 has transitioned to the Arabic numbering system in order to update it different aspects of it as new information is discovered. This means there will be a DSM 5.1, 5.2, etc. to keep psychiatrists and their practices up to date with the most recent findings, and new versions like this can be published though the internet. - There is a new section called “Emerging Measures and Models”, which contains disorders not represented in DSM 5. - The multiaxial approach is excluded. - The Global Assessment of Functioning scale is excluded. It is important to keep in mind how a diagnosis may affect the patient. For instance, it may be good for something like PTSD to be recognized as a mental illness so that treatment options are made available to those who suffer, but being labeled as mentally ill may negatively affect the way a person views themself and how others view them too.


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Allison Fischer University of Alabama

"I signed up to be an Elite Notetaker with 2 of my sorority sisters this semester. We just posted our notes weekly and were each making over $600 per month. I LOVE StudySoup!"

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.