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Week 2 Notes

by: Chelsea Scott

Week 2 Notes ANTH 2010

Chelsea Scott

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These notes cover week two of class
Societies around the World
Robert Bunger
Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Chelsea Scott on Wednesday September 7, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ANTH 2010 at East Carolina University taught by Robert Bunger in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views.


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Date Created: 09/07/16
WEEK TWO The Netsilik Eskimo  The Inuit Eskimo o Native to Greenland, the Artic, Canada, coast of Alaska, and eastern Siberia o Since there were branches of Inuit living in Asia, this is proof that they arrived earlier than previously thought o “Eskimo” is the nickname given by the Cree Indians meaning “raw meat-eater” o Hunting-gathering society with only one domesticated animal (dogs)  Way of Life o The Inuit people were primarily a maritime culture  Spent part of the year on the coast using its resources o Tundra: further inland is open country with ground cover of grasses and mosses  Can be narrow or wide o Taiga: further inland than the Tundra is forest, it is a large portion of the interior of Canada, Alaska, and Russia o Stone Age people (wood was not very common)  Inuit used bone, ivory, and stone ingeniously o Related to the Aleut people from the Aleutian islands  Inuit/Aleut look more Asian in appearance than American Indian  Language is related  Asian blood types exclusively exist amongst these people (Type B) o Inuit were never isolated  Viking voyages came to Canada  Outside disease were a great vulnerability  1918- the flu epidemic affected the whole world; a good portion died o 17 subdivisions of Inuit  Netsilik are one located in Eastern/Central Canada o Inuit population  Canada- 33,000  Greenland- 40,000  N/NW Alaska- 23,000  W Alaska  Aleut  The Netsilik o One of the 17 subdivisions o East central Canadian Artic  “central Eskimo” o 1950s  They were forced to give up their nomadic lifestyle o They were divided into 6 bands (families who move/hunt together)  Each band has different territory using different foods and cycles  Resources affect the number of people in the band as well as the size of the territory o Bands  Netsilingminut= people of the seal “Muit”= people  Kunglmiut = river people  They live off of meat and fish (fish oil in the diet balance the negative effects)  Berries and Caribou in the summer  Annual Cycle of the Netsilik o Spring (June, July)  Time of living among the shore, women make sealed skin tents  Hunting includes fishing for salmon trout using fishing leister o Summer (end of July)  Move south following the course of streams.  Women and children walk, dogs are used as pack animals and men kayak upstream (establish fishing camps by August) before the upstream migration of trout  They have fishing weirs- allows the men to easily fish for salmon trout (like Stone walls), they prepare sun-dried fish for later and cook in soapstone pots.  Late September = Caribou hunt, large groups of men (one group of men in the back making wolf sounds, one group of men hunting the oncoming Caribou in front) o Fall  Rivers and water are frozen. The main source of food is lake trout, obtained by ice fishing, using a fishing leister o Winter (6 months)  Seal hunting, entire band gets together and moves out on the sea ice establishing snow houses (very sociable)  Snow house = igloo  Peter Freucher  Hunts seals by following breathing holes, using a snow probe and breathing hold searcher.  Ice hunting harpoon and harpoon head


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