New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

PSYC 1010: Chapter 1 (Weeks 1-2)

by: Ashleigh McClure

PSYC 1010: Chapter 1 (Weeks 1-2) PSYC 2010

Marketplace > Auburn University > Psychology > PSYC 2010 > PSYC 1010 Chapter 1 Weeks 1 2
Ashleigh McClure

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

Notes from: Wednesday August 17th Friday August 19th Monday August 22nd Chapter 1: Introduction To Psychology -History -Schools Of Thought -Human Behavior
Introduction to Psychology
Lucia Lazarowski
Class Notes
#Psychology, #Lazarowski, #psych
25 ?




Popular in Introduction to Psychology

Popular in Psychology

This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ashleigh McClure on Wednesday September 7, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 2010 at Auburn University taught by Lucia Lazarowski in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 102 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Psychology in Psychology at Auburn University.


Reviews for PSYC 1010: Chapter 1 (Weeks 1-2)


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 09/07/16
Chapter 1: The Scienceof Psychology 8/17/16 10:36 AM The Science of Psychology • What is Psychology? ○ The study of the mind, brain and behavior § Mind= thinking, intelligence, memories § Brain= actual biological and anatomical functions that cause mental activity § Behavior= social interaction, aggression, an action ○ Psychology is a science § Not philosophica- as much of a science as chemistry, physics, biology, ect § Based on empirical evidence (evidence gathered through careful observation and experiment) □ Anecdotal evidence - not truly scientific □ Anything that is not empirical evidence is not reliable ® Example: self -help books, palm readings □ Astronomy and Psychology are science -snot fields like Astrology • What does a Psychologist do? ○ Studies mental activity and behavior ○ They are not.. Mind readers § § Mind controllers • Critical Thinking ○ Questioning information using well -supported evidence ○ "Amiable Skepticism" § Open but wary about the information until there is evidence ○ False information that people believe § MMR vaccine/Autism scandal § Baby Mozart § Most articles shared on Facebook • Personality Traits ○ Type A & B personalities • Biases In Thinking ○ Our brains seek patterns often when they don't exist Example: leak in Always Sunny looked like the Virgin Mary § ○ Influenced by expectations § Examples: horoscopes and fortune cookies ○ Overemphasize coincidences § Example: superstitions □ Pre-show rituals for roc-stars ○ Confirmation Bias § Selectively attend to evidence that confirms to our beliefs □ Example: following only Conservative or Liberal news outlets ○ Hindsight Bias § "I knew it all along" effect § Once we know the outcome, we think we would have predicted it □ Example: saying that you knew that Alabama would win the Iron Bowl, even though you had no idea during the game. ○ Self-Serving Bias § Overconfidence □ Example: when we get a good grade it's because we're smart or studied hard, if it happens to someone else they ghe lucky or t teacher likes them more. History Of Psychology ○ History ○ Originated in philosophy § Aristotle, Plato, Confucius ○ Not very scientific ○ Causes Of Behavior ○ What makes someone a good athlete? § genetics, motivation, physical traits ○ What makes someone intelligent? § practice, hard Work, time management ○ What determines personality? § environment, life events, brain chemistry ○ What causes mental disorders? § chemical in -balance, genetics, trauma • Nature vs. Nurture ○ Nature: inherited traits ○ Nurture: experiences, education, culture § Examples: Mark Zuckerberg □ Nature: parents were intelligent, "born smart" □ Nurture: good upbringing and school system ○ Not a debate anymore, both are connected and impossible to separate • Schools Of Thought ○ Experimental Psychology § Depart from philosophy and become a science of observation and experimentation § Wilhelm Wundt □ 1st psychology lab (1879) □ Studied reaction time □ Developed method of introspection- inspecting and reporting on one's own internal thoughts ○ Structuralism § Studying the underlying components of mental experience □ Example: what is fear? ® arousal, behavior, cognition ○ Functionalism § William James § Criticized Structuralism □ Mind consists of a tream of consciousnes can't be broken down into elements ® It's purpose is more important □ "What is the function of fear?" ® Is fear ever dysfunctional? ◊ Yes, when they interfere with our daily lives § Examine the functions served by the mind □ The mind evolved for preserving life □ Helps humans adapt to environmental demands □ Influenced by Charles Darwin's Evolutionary Theory ○ Gestalt Theory § The whole is different from the sum of it's parts □ Example: picture of dots that the brain perceives as a dog § Perception of objects □ Subjective □ Depends on context ○ Psychoanalytic Theory § Sigmund Freud □ Doctor who was interested about his patients with neurological disorders with no medical reasons □ Behavior caused by mental processes below conscious awareness ® Urges repressed into the unconscious ® Sexual motives and childhood experiences □ Theories not testable largely unaccepted ® Example: fears stem from repressed unconscious conflict ◊ Freud's analysis of a phobia of a five year old boy ("Little Hans") ○ Behaviorism § Study of observable mental processes □ Study of unobservable processes is not scientific § Emphasized environment's effects on behavior Believed all behaviors are learned (nurture) § □ Example: fears develop through experiences ® John Watson's "Little Albert" experiment ○ Cognitive Psychology § Behavior is more complex, mental functions matter □ Perceptions, expectations, thinking ® Example: fears are due to irrational perceptions, dysfunctional thoughts ◊ Someone who is scared that every cat will scratch their eyes out Human Behavior Today • How do we study human behavior today? Modern psychologists use different levels of analysis ○ § Biological □ What are the biological roots of the behavior? □ Example: Why did John punch his sister? ® John's hormones (testosterone) or brain chemistry (amygdala) or evolution (males evolved to be more aggressive than females) caused him to be aggressive. Individual § □ How is a person's specific personality affecting behavior? □ Example: Why did John punch his sister? ® John's developmental (corporal punishment)or cognitive( cognitive hostile bias) or personality (type A or B) caused him to be aggressive. § Social- Cultural □ How does society/culture affect behavior? □ Example: Why did John punch his sister? ® Interpersonal skills, relationships, Southern "culture of honor", exposure to violent media caused him to be aggressive. • Modern Psychology's Major Subfields ○ Neuroscience § Brain imaging (CT scans) ○ Cognitive § Thinking, mental processes ○ Developmental § Child psychologists, adolescent psychologists, studies of people through time, aging of the elderly ○ Social § Romantic relationships, families ○ Clinical and Counseling § Research and treating patients with more common problems ○ Industrial Organizational (IO) § Behaviors like how the work place affects us, ergonomics, interview/managing skills Specialty Areas ○ § Forensic § Sports § Health § Animal Behavior


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Anthony Lee UC Santa Barbara

"I bought an awesome study guide, which helped me get an A in my Math 34B class this quarter!"

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.