Art 221 notes Week 3 Day 4
Art 221 notes Week 3 Day 4 Art 221
Popular in Honors Art History Survey I
Popular in Art
This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Cassidy_SWK2018 on Wednesday September 7, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Art 221 at Meredith College taught by Dr. Beth Mulvaney in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views. For similar materials see Honors Art History Survey I in Art at Meredith College.
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Date Created: 09/07/16
Art 221 9-6-16 Ancient Egypt: Amarna Period 1. To know a. Egyptian will cover Old Middle and New and then Armana and Late periods 2. Akhenaton, from a pillar statue, Karnak, ca. 1353-1335 BCE a. Previous art works had so much realism and detail in unimportant figures b. Akhenaton was heretic b/c he imposed monotheism, Aten, sun god c. More focused on life and the living than death and the afterlife d. Changes i. Not as idealized ii. Has a tummy and no muscle iii. Feminine looking, androgynous quality iv. Medical experts have tried to diagnose him 1. He has feminine body and narrow face e. Different from old kingdom style of seated pharaohs 3. Bust of Queen Nefertiti (Wife of Akhenaton) ca. 1353-1335 BCE a. Eye is unfinished b. Admired for elongated and clean lines (seen as very beautiful) 4. Akhenaton, Nefertiti and their three daughters, ca. 1353-1335 BCE a. Typical of period i. Curvilinear forms ii. More informal iii. Representation of children as forefront iv. Life and living – they’re just playing with their kids b. Sun and rays with symbols of life at ends of rays c. Polytheism ends with Akhenaton 5. Discovery of King Tutankhamen’s tomb Nov 4, 1922 a. King tut was minor, he died at 18, his tomb is small, but western world was fascinated 6. Burial room and sarcophagus of Tutankhamen a. Stone sarcophagus b. Outer coffin of Tutankhamen a. 1323 BCE c. Middle coffin d. Inner coffin i. 223 lb. solid gold e. Only thing that holds over from Akhenaton is thicker lips f. Mask of Tut i. Paint made to look like lapislazzuli Late period 7. Mentuemhet, the Governor, ca. 660-650 BCE a. Distinguishing feature for late period is his face has age, not idealized b. Influx of romans during this period, maybe it’s they’re influence Ancient Aegean World 8. Cycladic art a. Cycladic, figurine of a woman from Syros, ca. 2600-2300 BCE i. Body is cylinder, triangle nose ii. Many had paint applied to distinguish eyes and mouth iii. All have mounds for breasts iv. No written records for these v. All found reclining in graves vi. Maybe fertility? Maybe carried in processions? b. Male harp player, ca. 2600-2300 BCE i. Sometimes found with female figures ii. Shows that civilization had music iii. Geometrically based iv. More active figure v. Positive and negative space The Ancient Aegean: Minoan Art 9. Plan, Palace of Knosssos, ca. 1700-1370 BCE a. Complex plan, thus associated with King Minos and myth of minotaur b. Magazines – channels underground where items were kept cool c. Reconstruction of palace i. Looks uneven ii. More open than Assyrian palace iii. No fortified wall, the sea is a natural defense (they’re an island) iv. Love of life, more movement, nothing about war d. Architecture i. Atria to allow light and air ii. Covered, open corridors iii. Ideally composed for their hot environment 10. Magazines (with pithoi), Palace of Knossos, ca. 1700-1970 BCE a. Very sophisticated ceramics practice 11. Interior staircase and column, palace of Knossos, ca. 1700-1370 BCE a. Minoan column was made of wood; shaft is wider at top but gently tapers to bottom b. Capital is like a donut 12. Throne room, palace of Knossos, ca. 1700-1370 a. Paintings of Griffins, peaceful and decorative rather than a program of power and intimidation b. Colorful c. Place of community rather than intimidation d. Curvilinear e. Vegetal background f. Portrays one picture rather than registers 13. Minoan woman or goddess (La Parisienne), from the Palace at Knossos, ca. 1500 BCE a. Profile face with frontal eye (similar with other cultures) b. Lively color, very textured (different) c. Book says she might be a goddess b/c she has no arms, not sure about that d. Lots of curves for sense of movement 14. Palace of Knossos bull leaping ca. 1500 BCE a. Seems to be a game or rite b. In ancient world, lighter colored figures are women and darker, ruddier skin tones are men c. Minoan figure types i. Broad shoulders ii. Narrow, cinched waists iii. Flared hips d. This piece collapsed off the wall e. A lot of pieces are missing f. Even the boarder sets a sense of movement g. Central scene, daring acrobat has leapt on the bull h. Head and neck, line is taut through back and released through the tail, gives a sense of movement i. Seems playful and energetic 15. Kamares Ware, ca. 1800-1700 BCE a. Such a sophisticated pottery production that they had different vase shapes for different purposes b. Main design is on “shoulder” of vase c. Minoan appearance i. Playful ii. Curvilinear iii. Fish – sea culture 16. Kamares Ware, c. 2000-1900 BCE a. Oil jar b. Looks like marine life design, accentuates shape of vessel 17. Octopus Flask, ca. 1500 BCE a. Marine life b. Typical of Minoan art i. Curvilinear ii. Marine life iii. Playful subject matter iv. Accentuates shape of vase 18. Harvester vase, ca. 1500 BCE a. Vase in relief b. Pottery production was extremely systematic c. Upper portion is original, bottom is reconstructed d. Joyous appearance, people are singing e. Not regular or uniform, gives a rhythm f. Figure style is present 19. Snake goddess, from the palace of Knossos, ca. 1600 BCE a. One of many found b. Exhibits Minoan figure type c. Breasts exposed d. Holding snakes with cat on her head e. Goddess who holds sway over animal world, but we don’t have the necessary larger context f. Arms are activating the negative space around her The Ancient Aegean: Mycenaean Art 20. Plans of the palace and part of the citadel, Tiryns, Greece, ca. 1400-1200 BCE a. Thick walls, city on defense b/c on mainland b. Single, narrow approach ramp 21. Corbel-vaulted gallery in the circuit of the citadel at Tiryns, Greece, ca. 1400-1200 BCE 22. Mycenae, Greece citadel, ca. 1600-1200 BCE a. Lion Gate at Mycenae, ca. 1300-1250 BCE i. Using monolithic rocks to build defensive wall ii. Post and lintel building form (frame of gate) iii. Relieving triangle above gate entrance 1. Each layer overlaps until gap is closed, but triangle allows for less weight on doorway iv. Lions originally had heads, maybe made of metal that was later melted down v. Minoan type column in the center vi. Heralded art 23. Treasury of Atreus, Mycenae, ca. 1300-1250 BCE a. Burial mound b. Underneath is a beehive shaped tomb c. Inside is the largest uninterrupted space, 3800 feet in diameter, until Roman Pantheon is built i. Self-supporting 24. Funerary mask, from grave circle a, Mycenae, ca. 1600-1500 BCE a. Made of recuse, beaten sheets of gold b. First full scale human face c. Not a real death mask, too heavily stylized 25. Vocab a. Positive space – actual form of the object b. Negative space – space that surrounds that form (often plays important role) c. Cyclopean masonry – believed only Cyclops could have built these huge walls These art works represent the mindset of civilizations. The Assyrian art is focused on conflict and showing the might or bravery of a king. They had built an empire and their civilization focused on militaristic might and power because they saw so much conflict. The Minoans are much more peaceful and see no conflict in this period, so their art does not present this might and power. Could also focus on style of people, purpose
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