Module 3 Activity Answers
Module 3 Activity Answers AHC 115
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This 10 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lauren Patterson on Wednesday September 7, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to AHC 115 at Volunteer State Community College taught by Abby Cooper in Summer 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views.
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Date Created: 09/07/16
Chapter 3 Activity Answers Define the Suffixes 1. Berryshaped bacteria: —cocci 2. Structure, substance: —us 3. Structure, tissue: —ium 4. Berryshaped bacterium: —coccus 5. Cell: —cyte ________________________________________________________________ Identify the Function of Each Cell Type 1 Cleans up after neutrophils: monocyte 6. A phagocyte: neutrophil 7. Contains hemoglobin to carry oxygen: erythrocyte 8. Produced antibodies: lymphocyte 9. Clotting cell: thrombocyte 10. WBC with granules in cytoplasm: granulocyte ________________________________________________________________ Combine the Correct Word Parts 1 Pertaining to sac of tissue surrounding the heart: pericardial • peri / cardi / —al 11. Pertaining to the heart: cardiac • cardi / —ac 12. Pressing pain caused by decreased blood supply: ischemic • ishem / —ic ________________________________________________________________ Break Down the Word 1 ischemia: isch / emia 13. arteriole: arteri / ole 14. pulmonary: pulmon / ary 15. erythrocyte: erythr / o / —cyte 16. pericardium: peri / cardi / um 17. laryngeal: laryng / —eal 18. venule: ven / ule 19. inguinal: inguin / —al 20. axillary: axill / —ary 21. mucoid: muc / oid ________________________________________________________________ Combine the Correct Word Parts 1 Formation of bone marrow or its associated cells: myelopoiesis • myelo / poiesis 22. Excessive development or growth: hyperplasia • hyper / plasia 23. Defect or lack of cartilage growth: achondroplasia • a— / chondro / plasia ________________________________________________________________ Define the Suffix 1 Disease condition: —pathy 24. Condition of producing: —genesis 25. Pertaining to producing: —genic ________________________________________________________________ Use the Scenario to Answer the Following Questions Ana has been for a recent physical as part of applying for a job overseas. Her family history reveals some nephropathy, arteriosclerosis, one family member with leukemia, and her mother's ischemia and incidents of tachycardia related to atrial fibrillation. Ana herself has occasional bradycardia with low blood pressure, with no history of carcinogenesis. She has had pneumonia and anemia. 1 Ana’s family has had some history of an unspecified kidney diseases, a term known as: A. Anemia B. Anuria A. Nephropathy C. Ischemia 26. Ana’s mother’s _____ is a pressing, painful deficiency of blood supply to any part of the body. A. anemia B. ischemia D. atrial fibrillation E. tachycardia 27. Ana’s family history of hardening of the arteries is best described by the term: A. Anorexia F. Nephropathy G. Anemia C. Arteriosclerosis 28. Ana’s own milder blood deficiency can be described in the more general term: A. Ischemia H. Arteriosclerosis I. Angiogenesis D. Anemia 29. The term in this scenario that means a slowed heart rate is: A. Brachycardia J. Tachycardia K. Arteriosclerosis L. Anemia 30. The term in this scenario that means a faster than normal heart rate is: A. Bradycardia E. Tachycardia M. Arteriosclerosis N. Anemia 31. A form of cancer characterized by an abnormal condition of white blood cells is: A. Leukemia O. Anemia P. Tachycardia Q. Arteriosclerosis ________________________________________________________________ Combine the Correct Word Parts 1 Hardening of one or more arteries: arteriosclerosis • arterio / sclerosis 32. Lung inflammation: pneumonia • pneumon / —ia 33. Pertaining to something produced by or in bone—or that produced bone: osteogenic • osteo / —genic 34. Disease of heart muscle: cardiomyopathy • cardio / myo / —pathy 35. Formation of cancer: carcinogenesis • carcino / —genesis 36. Condition of forming new blood vessels: angiogenesis • angio / —genesis 37. Deficiency of urine production: anuria • an— / ur / —ia 38. Water or fluid condition of the kidney: hydronephrosis • hydro / nephr / —osis 39. Rapid heart rate: tachycardia • tachy— / card / —ia 40. Type of blood deficiency: anemia • an— / —emia ________________________________________________________________ Combine the Correct Word Parts 1 Fear or crowded places: agoraphobia • agora / —phobia 41. Inflammation of the tonsils: tonsillitis • tonsill / —itis 42. Fear of heights: acrophobia • acro / —phobia 43. Deficiency in white blood cells: leukocytopenia • leuko / cyto / —penia 44. Inflammation of the sac surrounding the heart: pericarditis • peri— / card / —itis 45. Deficiency of neutrophils: neutropenia • neutro / —penia ________________________________________________________________ Fill in the Blank 1 Joint pain is called _______; pain in the intercostal muscles called ________. • arthralgia • pleurodynia • Explanation: Both algia and dynia mean pain, but although they share the same definition, they are not interchangeable. ________________________________________________________________ Define the Suffix 1 Swelling: —edemia 46. Enlargement: —megaly 47. Hernia: —cele 48. Tumor; mass, collection of fluid: —oma ________________________________________________________________ Define the Term 1 Pituitary growth hormone disease characterized by enlargement of the bones of the hands, feet, jaw and cheeks: acromegaly 49. Mass or collection of blood: hematoma 50. Hernial protrusion of the brain through a congenital defect in the skull: encephalocele 51. Muscle tumor: myoma 52. Herniation of the bladder: cyctocele 53. Tumor of the liver: hepatoma 54. Tumor originating in the bone marrow: myeloma 55. Process of breaking down or decomposing in the blood: hematoma 56. Enlargement of the spleen: splenomegaly 57. Herniation of the rectum: rectocele 58. Process of stopping blood flow: hemostasis 59. Swelling: edema 60. Rupture of the heart: cardiorrhexis ________________________________________________________________ Break the Word Down 1 hematoma: hemat / oma 61. acromegaly: acr / o / megaly 62. cardiorrhexis: cardi / o / rrhexis 63. metastasis: meta / stasis 64. cystocele: cyst / o / cele 65. encephalocele: encephal / o / cele 66. splenomegaly: splen / o / megaly 67. myeloma: myel / oma 68. hemostasis: hemo / stasis 69. hemolysis: hemo / lysis ______________________________________________________________________ Fill in the Blank 1. One who takes xray pictures is called a ________, while the medical doctor who interprets these pictures for diagnostic purposes is called a ________. • radiographer • radiologist • Explanation: It is easy to confuse these two suffixes, or to believe they are interchangeable. However, er means one who, as in radiographer, one who takes a radiographic image or record (radi/o = xray + graph = record + er = one who). By contrast, a radiologist is a medical doctor trained to interpret and understand xray images (radi/o = xrays + log/o = study of + ist = medical specialist). ______________________________________________________________________ Combine the Correct Word Parts 1. Study or science of life: bio / logy 2. Physician specializing in disorders of the kindly: nephro / log / ist 3. Field of medicine devoted to the diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the eye: opthalmo / logy 4. Physician specializing in the study of and treatment and diagnosis of disorders of the heart: cardio / log / ist 5. Specialist who can interpret and understand xray images: radio / log / ist 6. Study of disease or disease process: path / logy 7. One who takes a radiographic image or record: radio / graph / er ______________________________________________________________________ Combine the Correct Word Parts 1. Process of obtaining and viewing living tissue microscopically: bi / opsy 8. Surgical procedure that enables visual examination of the internal structure of a joint: arthro / scopy 9. Instrument for visual examination of the throat: laryngo / scope ______________________________________________________________________ Break Down the Word 1. lumpectomy: lump / ectomy 10. tracheostomy: trache / o / stomy 11. amniocentesis: amni / o / centsis 12. gastrectomy: gastr / ectomy 13. tracheotomy: trache / o / tomy 14. angioplasty: angi / o / plasty 15. chemotherapy: chem / o / therapy ______________________________________________________________________ Fill in the Blank 1. Macrina’s physical therapy included _______, treatment using water, to relieve her muscle pain. • hydrotherapy 16. Jared’s _________ involved the surgical repair of a blood vessel. • angioplasty 17. Helena’s life is saved when her cancerous right breast is removed in a surgery called ______. • mastectomy 18. Phil underwent a _______ so that a tube could be inserted into his windpipe to help him breath. • tracheostomy 19. Jim requires a(n) ______ to remove plaque from a blood vessel. • artherectomy 20. To get to a tumor in Kyle’s throat, the surgeon cuts into his windpipe in a procedure called _______. • tracheotomy 21. Alaina’s _______ required the surgeon to make a large incision through her abdominal wall in order to examine the abdominal organs. • laparotomy 22. Richard has undergone a(n) _____, an incision into a vein. • phlebotomy ______________________________________________________________________ Break Down the Word 1. pneumonia: pneumon / ia 23. hemolysis: hem / o / lysis 24. abdominocentesis: abdomin / o / centesis 25. pulmonary: pulmon / ary 26. phlebotomy: phleb / o / tomy 27. ophthalmology: ophthalm / o / logy 28. mastectomy: mast / ectomy 29. venule: ven / ule 30. achondroplasia: a / chondro / plasia 31. myalgia: my / algia ______________________________________________________________________ Define the Suffix 1. Surgical repair: —plasty 32. Condition of producing, forming: —genesis 33. Hardening: —sclerosis 34. Berryshaped bacterium: —coccus 35. Fear: —phobia 36. Breakdown, destruction, separation: —lysis 37. Incision, cutting into: —tomy 38. Abnormal condition: —osis 39. Deficiency: —penia 40. Blod condition: —emia ______________________________________________________________________ Medical Reports 1. Claudia’s pain originates from the _______, the sac that surrounds the heart. • pericardium 41. The medical report says that an inflammation of the sac that surrounds the heart, called _________, has been ruled out. • pericarditis 42. EMTs reported that Claudia was exhibiting _________, an increases, rapid heartbeat. • tachycardia ______________________________________________________________________ Combine the Correct Word Parts 1. Pertaining to the cardiac muscle surrounding each chamber: myocardial • myo / cardi / —al 43. Physician specializing in treatment and diagnosis of disorders of the heart: cardiologist • cardio / log / —ist 44. Inflammation of the thin tissue that lines each chamber and valve of the heart: endocarditis • endo— / card / —itis 45. Sound wave record made of the heart: echocardiogram • echo— / cardio / —gram ______________________________________________________________________ Case Study 1 1. The term Jeff’s diffuse muscle pain is myalgia 46. When the physician calls for a check on Jeff’s blood’s ability to clot, he is evaluating Jeff’s hemostasis 47. Jeff’s muscle cells have increased in size, contributing to a larger muscle mass. In some disorders, this increase would be referred to as hypertrophy. 48. Jeff is evaluated for a possible malignant tumor of his muscle tissue. A cancerous tumor of muscular tissue is called a myosarcoma. 49. In addition to chemotherapy, Jeff is given treatment with hot bats and wet packs to relieve his muscle aches. Such water treatment is called hydrotherapy. Break Down the Word 1. Blood’s ability to clot normally: hemostasis • hemo— / —stasis 50. Muscle pain: myalgia • my / —algia 51. Chemical or drug treatment program, frequently used for various kinds of cancer: chemotherapy • chemo / therapy 52. Red blood cell: erythrocyte • erythro / —cyte 53. Increase in cancerous white blood cells: leukemia • leuk / —emia
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