Chapter 1 Notes
Chapter 1 Notes PSYC3980
Popular in Research Methods in Psychology
Brittany Ariana Borzillo
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Popular in Psychology
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Brittany Ariana Borzillo on Wednesday September 7, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC3980 at University of Georgia taught by in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 23 views. For similar materials see Research Methods in Psychology in Psychology at University of Georgia.
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Date Created: 09/07/16
Psychology Is a Way of Thinking Terms Empiricist: a person who bases their conclusions on systematic observations Research Producer: someone who performs experiments to contribute to the pool of known information about any given psychological phenomena Research Consumer: someone who utilizes data from performed and published experiments to use in their work, hobbies, relationships, or personal growth Evidence-Based Treatments: therapies that are supported by research Theory: a set of statements that describes general principles about how variables relate to one another Hypothesis: a way of stating that the specific outcome the researcher expects to observe if the theory is accurate Data: a set of observations Research Producers and Consumers Benefits of a Good Consumer o Being knowledgeable enough to understand when research that’s been presented is accurate and has been conducted in a valid and reliable way How Scientists Approach their Work Empiricists o Using evidence from the senses or from instruments that assist the senses as the basis for conclusions o Goal is to be systematic, rigorous, and to make their work independently verifiable Theory-Data Cycle o Scientists collect data to test, change, or update their theories o Theory leads researchers to pose particular research questions which lead to an appropriate research decision, and in the context of the decision, researchers formulate hypotheses; researchers then collect data which feeds back into the cycle by supporting the original theory or leading to revision of the theory or experimental design. o Features of Good Theories Supported by data Are proved falsifiable Must lead to a hypothesis that when tested could fail to support the theory Parsimony All other things being equal, the simplest solution is the best There’s no need to make a theory more complex unless it fails to explain the data o Theories Don’t Prove Anything Some data may be supportive of or consistent with a theory but no single finding can prove a theory Applies and Basic Problems o Applied Research Done with a particular problem in mind which the researchers hope their findings will be directly applied to a solution of o Basic Research Not intended to address specific or practical problems Contribute to the general body of knowledge o Translational Research 2 The use of lessons from basic research to develop and test applications to forms of treatment and intervention Takes basic research to the level of applied research Works both ways The Publication Process o Informing the scientific world about results from research is done via publication in a scientific journal o Articles in scientific journals are peer-reviewed Can comment on how interesting, how applicable, the quality of the methods, how clear, etc. the research is Journal to Journalism o Journalism Scientific studies that make it to the general population are via journalism Benefits and Risks Important o A lot of stories are chosen for being eye-catching as opposed to important Accurate o Even when journalists report on reliable, important research, they don’t always provide the correct information o Sometimes details are dumbed down to make them more accessible and become incorrect information o Sometimes inaccurate information blossoms into a company of some sort and wrong information is exposed through said company all of the time 3 4
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