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Anthropology 1306

by: Kyanna Richard

Anthropology 1306 ANTH 1306

Kyanna Richard
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Chapter one notes, The Essence of Anthropology
Introduction to Cultural Anthropology
Julie Adkins
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kyanna Richard on Wednesday September 7, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ANTH 1306 at University of Texas at Arlington taught by Julie Adkins in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 59 views.


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Date Created: 09/07/16
Anthropology 1306  Chapter 1: The Essence of Anthropology  THE ANTHROPOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE  Anthropology: study of humankind Holistic Perspective: A fundamental principle in anthropology: the various parts of the human  culture and biology mist be viewed in the broadest possible context in order to understand their  interconnections and interdependence.  Ethnocentrism: a way of viewing other cultures in relation to owned own in the belief that the  familiar sets a universal standard of what is proper or correct. (WE WANT TO AVOID THIS)  Culture­bound: theories about the world and reality based on the assumptions and values of ones  own culture.  ­ Anthropology focuses on the interconnections and interdependence of all aspects of the  human experience in all places.  ­ Anthropologists have expanded the understanding of diversity in human thought, biology, behavior, as well as to our understanding of the things in humans have in common.  ANTHROPOLOGY AND ITS FIELDS What are the four fields or sub­disciplines in anthropology?  1. Cultural anthropology  2. Linguistic anthropology  3. Archaeology anthropology  4. Physical (biological) anthropology CULTURAL ANTHROPOLOGY  Cultural anthropology: study of patterns of human behavior, thought and feelings; it focuses on  humans as culture producing and culture reproducing creatures (Social or sociocultural  anthropology)  What are the two main components of culture anthropology?  1. Ethnography 2. Ethnology  ETHNOGRAPHY (NARROW BUT IN DEPTH)  Ethnography: a detailed description of a particular culture primarily based on fieldwork.  Fieldwork: on location research  ­ Hallmark of Ethnographic fieldwork is a combo of social participation and personal  observation with community being studied and interviews and discussions with  individual members of a group.  ­ Eating food, sleeping under roof, learning how to speak, and behave, and personally  experiencing their habits and customs.  ETHNOLOGY (BROADER FOCUS)  Ethnology: study and analysis of different cultures from a comparative or historical POV. Why  certain important difference or similarities occur among groups.  ­ Branch of cultural anthropology that involves cross­cultural comparisons and theories  that explain differences or similarities of groups.  ­ Post pardom; sex taboo and etc. APPLIED CULTURAL ANTHROPOLOGY  ­ Humanitarian aid  LINGUISTIC ANTHROPOLOGY  Linguistic anthropologist: the study of human language. ­ Most distinctive feature of human species is language.  LANGUAGE AND BELIEFS  ­ Linguistic relativity refers to the idea of that linguistic diversity reflects not just  differences in sounds and grammar, but differences in ways of looking at the world,  document and preserve a dying language. SOCIOLINGUISTICS  Discourse: an extended communication on a particular subject How does financial status, age, or gender affect the way individuals use their cultures language?  ­ Focus on the socialization process through which an individual becomes part od a culture. ­ How men and women communicate or use language differently  HISTORICAL LINGUSITICS  ­ Understanding human past language  ARCHEAOLOGY  Archaeology: the study of human cultures through the recovery and analysis of material remains  and environmental data. ­ Post human life  HISTORICAL ARCHAEOLOGY (MATERIAL REMAINS)  Historical Archaeology: the archaeological study of places for which written records exist  BIOARCHAEOLOGY  Bio Archaeology: the archaeology study of human remains, emphasizing the preservation of  cultural and social processes in the skeleton.  CONTEMPORARY ARCHAEOLOGY  ­ “Garage Project” tested validity or research survey techniques. CULTURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT Cultural resource management: “quick” lots of jobs in this field; constitution or development. Historic Preservation Act 1966: require cultural resource management for any construction  project that is partially funded or licensed by the US Government PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY  Physical anthropology: the systemic study of humans as biological organisms also known as  biological anthropology  ­ Can reveal how humans have adapted and where they have migrated  PALEOANTHROPOLOGY  Paleoanthropology: Focuses on biological changes through time (evolution) to understand  how, when and why became the kind of organism we are.  PRIMATOLOGY  Primatology: study of living and fossil primates  ­ Primates include Asian and African apes as well as monkeys, lemurs, lorises, and tarsiers. HUMAN GROWTH, ADAPTATION, AND VARIATION DIVERSITY  ­ Human are the only primate group to inhabit the entire earth.  MOLECULAR ANTHROPOLOGY  ­ DNA evidence, if we are related to Neanderthals.  ANTHROPOLOGY, SCIENCE, AND THE HUMANITITES  What are the two basic ingredients?  1. Imagination  2. Skepticism  QUESTIONS OF ETHICS  Informed consent: a formal recorded agreement; federally mandated ­ Face tons of questions, ask tons of questions, need consent, keep private and sensitive  info. 


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