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CRJU202 CH1 Notes

by: Kristen Pruett

CRJU202 CH1 Notes CRJU202

Kristen Pruett
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CRJU202 Chapter 1 Notes from the textbook: America's Courts and the Criminal Justice System
Problems of Criminal Judiciary
Joseph,Emma Jean
Class Notes
Criminal Justice




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kristen Pruett on Wednesday September 7, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CRJU202 at University of Delaware taught by Joseph,Emma Jean in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 3 views. For similar materials see Problems of Criminal Judiciary in Criminal Justice at University of Delaware.

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Date Created: 09/07/16
America’s Courts  CH 1    Pages 2­12; 15­25    Intro   ­ George zimmerman and trayvon martin case   Courts and crime  ­ Crime rates are declining even though public opinions think it’s too high  Courts and the criminal justice system  ­ $228 billion spent on criminal and civil justice system in the US  ­ Criminal justice system: the numerous public agencies involved in implementing public  policy concerning crime   ­ Overlapping circles of the CJS: courts, police, institutional and community based, public  An interdependent CJS  ­ Interdependent and interrelated  ­ Police, courts, and corrections  A fragmented CJ non system  ­ Fragmentation of criminal justice  ­ 18,000 law enforcement  ­ 1,820 state and federal correctional facilities  ­ Correction encompasses probation, parole, drug treatment, etc  ­ The court ecompases judges, prosecoutros, bailiffs, etc.  Tensions and conflicts  ­ Govt officials bring to the table many different views and perspectives  ­ Part 1 = basic organization of our court system  ­ Part 2 = identifying the actors in the courthouse  ­ Part 3 = following the steps of the judicial process after an arrest though the trial  ­ Part 4 = examines how the convicted are sentenced  ­ Part 5 = looks at appellate and juvenile courts  And overview of the US courts      Law on the books  ­ The legal and structural components of the judiciary ­ the starting point in understanding  the legal system is knowing the formal rules  ­ Found in constitutions, laws enacted by legislative bodies, regulations issued by  administrative agencies, and cases decided by courts  Law in action  ­ An idealized view of law  ­ Stresses an abstract set of rules  ­ Focuses on the human factors governing the actual application of the law  ­ Importance of discretion  ­ Wide gap between legal theory (law of the books) and how that law is applied (law in  action)  Crime control model  ­ Is the repression of criminal conduct  ­ Necessity of speed and finality in the courts to achieve the priority of crime suppression  ­ Advocated concerned that criminals “beat the system” and “get off easy”  ­ Cure is to eliminate legal loopholes by curtailing the exclusionary rule, abolishing the  insanity defense, allowing for preventive detention of dangerous offenders, and  increasing the certainty of punishment   Due process model  ­ Emphasized protecting the right of the individuals  ­ Protect public  ­ Liberals see crime not as individual morals failure but as a result of social influences  ­ Stresses the possibility of error in the informal fact­finding process and therefore insist  on formal fact finding to protect against  mistakes made by police and prosecutors  ­ Need to reform people through rehabilitation  ­ Advocates are concerned that the court system is unfair to poor and minority defendants 


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