HY 314 Week 3 Notes
HY 314 Week 3 Notes HY 314
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Victoria Miller on Wednesday September 7, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HY 314 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Dr. Lawrence Kohl in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 14 views. For similar materials see Coming of the Civil War in History at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.
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Date Created: 09/07/16
Week 3 Notes 9/7/16 Three Party systems in US history o 1789 no parties o 1795, parties had developed Democratic Republicans (Jefferson) Federalists (Washington, Adams, Hamilton) Both think the other is an evil faction o 1800 Jefferson is elected and power changes party hands peacefully for the first time ever o 1816: Federalists just can’t win o 1828: really only one party, “the era of good feelings” o 1824: parties sort of start to emerge again during this presidential election before the era of good feelings has ended Caucus basically chose the president All candidates ran as Dem. Republicans William Crawford o Had a stroke so he was counted out due to uncertainties of his health Henry Clay Andrew Jackson o 1 place: won the popular vote and got the most electoral votes, but couldn’t secure a majority John Quincy Adams Nobody got a majority of the electoral votes so choice goes to the House of Rep. Top 3 considered for the office o Henry Clay is out of the running o Crawford and his stroke basically counted him out Henry Clay (the current speaker of the House) has a meeting with John Q. Adams and decides to throw his support behind him o Adams gets chosen because of this Jackson supporters felt robbed Created a huge divide within the Democratic Republican Party Jackson supporters claim to be the party of the people since they won the popular vote in the 1824 election Others were concerned with internal improvements, called themselves National Republicans o 1832: Andrew Jackson is reelected o 1834: Whigs emerge These are the same people that were in the National Republican party Said Jackson was acting like a king and they were going to oppose his tyranny o 1854: Kansas-Nebraska breaks up Whigs and Republicans emerge What does this all mean? o What’s a political party? Way of coordinating a bunch of like-minded people so that their policies get enacted in government Much broader than that, though How you see the world/human nature/what government should do o 1 Party System Federalists Still believed in a hierarchical society Society was a pyramid o those at the top were the best and should be in charge o Those below depend on those at the top in some way Democratic Republicans (Jefferson) Virtually everyone could run their own life Asocial idea Individualism o How we’ve lived ever since o American creed o Why had it never looked like this before/why was America different? Serfs really did depend on others for the last thousand years Interesting experiment of self-government o Each individual was in charge of their own life Jefferson saw government as the problem, not the solution o All human governments tend to spend too much money and then tax the people so heavily that they have to work all the time and be miserable just to pay their taxes the abuse of government Reduce taxes as much as possible Government should 1. Preserve law and order 2. Preserve people’s rights 3. Protect people’s property Federalists die out and become seen as un-American Democratic Republicans realize that Jefferson’s vision was too utopian after the War of 1812, resolve that government has to do more st nd o Weird time between 1 and 2 Party Systems National Republicans and Democratic Republicans Dem. Republicans think that Jefferson’s vision had been corrupted Nat. Republicans – government can be enabling without being oppressive