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Greek 101, Week Two: Grammar and Vocabulary

by: Tristen Pennington

Greek 101, Week Two: Grammar and Vocabulary GREK 101

Marketplace > University of New Mexico > GREK - Greek > GREK 101 > Greek 101 Week Two Grammar and Vocabulary
Tristen Pennington
GPA 3.3

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About this Document

These pages cover Chapter 3 grammar and Chapter 3 vocabulary.
Elementary Greek I
Molly Mata
Class Notes
Greek, Ancient Greek, foreign language, Vocabulary, grammar, Greek Grammar, ancient, Language
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Tristen Pennington on Wednesday September 7, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to GREK 101 at University of New Mexico taught by Molly Mata in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 9 views. For similar materials see Elementary Greek I in GREK - Greek at University of New Mexico.


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Date Created: 09/07/16
Chapter 3  Saturday, September 3, 2016  1:11 PM  Verbs    θεραπεύω  to honor, worship  παύω  to stop  πείθω  to persuade  στρατεύω  to march      Feminine Nouns   άγροπά  marketplace  γέφυρα  bridge  δόξα  glory  ἐπιστολή  letter  ἡμέρα  day  θάλαττα  sea  θεά  goddess  κώμε  village  μάχη  battle  Μοῦσα  Muse  οἰκία  house  πυλη  gate  σοφια  wisdom  στρατιά  army  τιμή  honor  χώρα  country      Article    ἡ  the (feminine)      Prepositions    είς  into, onto, to  ἐκ  out of, from  ἐν  In, on, at    Chapter 3  Saturday, September 3, 2016  12:49 PM  Case  Function  Example  Nominative  subject  The goddess writes.  predicate  She is a goddess.  Genitive  possessive  The honor of the goddess;  the goddess' honor.  Dative  indirect object I sacrifice to the goddess.  (to or for)  Accusative  direct object  I worship the goddess.  Vocative  Direct address  Goddess, I write.  ὦ is not an article. It is a word, usually translating to "O" as in "O, Goddess." Precedes the noun.    Definite article = "the"   No "a" or "an" in Greek.     First Declension  Nouns and adjectives ending in -α or -η.    If noun is genitive, dative, or accusative, you can find the nominative using these rules.  Stem end in  Nom. Sing.  Example  ε, ι, or ρ  Long or short -α  ἀγορα → ἀγορῶν   (type b or d)  σ, double consonant (ζ ξ Ψ)  Short -α  Μούσα → Μοῦση   or two consonants λλ, σσ, ττ  (type c)  Any other letter  -η  ἐπιστολή → ἐπιστολαῖς    (type a)    Prepositions    Gen.  ἐκ της χωρας  out of the country  (where from)  Gen.  ἐξ οικιας  out of a house  (where from)  Dat.  ἐν τη χωρα  in the country  (where)  Acc.  εἰς την χωραν  into the country  (where to)    *εκ followed by a vowel becomes εξ    nd Future Active Indicative – 2 Principal Part  "I will go." "You will sacrifice." "I shall."  Stem ending -σ        Stem  Translation  Endings  Sing 1 s  λύσ-ω  I shall loose  σ-ω  2nd  λύσ-εις  You will loose  σ-εις  λύσ-ει  He will loose  σ-ει  3rd  Plur. 1st  λύσ-ομεν  We shall loose  σ-ομεν  2nd  λύσ-ετε  You will loose  σ-ετε  3 rd  λύσ-ουσι  They will loose  σ-ουσῐ(ν)       


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