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Urban Planning-Exam 1 Free Notes (part 2)

by: A Jones

Urban Planning-Exam 1 Free Notes (part 2) URST 310

Marketplace > College of Charleston > Urban Studies > URST 310 > Urban Planning Exam 1 Free Notes part 2
A Jones
C of C
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Urban Planning
Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by A Jones on Wednesday September 7, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to URST 310 at College of Charleston taught by Stiefel in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 36 views. For similar materials see Urban Planning in Urban Studies at College of Charleston.

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Date Created: 09/07/16
9/8/2016 Exam 1­Angela Jones | Evernote Web Exam 1-Angela Jones Quizlet: Book Notes Chapter 1 “why do we need planning?”: The need for planning comes down to two words, interconnectedness and complexity Every property that is developed burdens the community with obligations such as education, police and fire protection, recreational services, and social services. Conversely, every development contributes, directly or indirectly, to municipal revenues through property taxes, sales taxes, or charges and fees. Thus the pattern of land development will affect how heavily the community must tax its residents and the level of public services the community can provide. 19th century­ learn about sanitation germ theory water sanitation Education of a planner: The single most common ed­ucational background is formal training in planning, most often a master’s  rayshri@studysoup.comdegree, either a Master of City Planning (MCP) or a Master of Urban and Regional Planning (MURP). Chapter 2, Chapter 3, & Chapter 4­ Within the Next Set of Notes Chapter 5: The Legal Basis of Planning Fifth Amendment: Property Rights The government can take your property but they have to compensate Self pugury: I plead the fifth The power of eminent domain: government has the right to take property for public purposes. The building of roads, for example, generally involves the taking of private property for the right of way. Chapter 6: Planning and Politics­a1ac­4387­b06e­dc9af5c79d51/4=ce0015de­d3ab­4860­ad49­6d5d254eb9ba&ses=4&… 9/8/2016 Exam 1­Angela Jones | Evernote Web Why is planning political? 1. Actions of government can arouse the emotions of citizens.  For example:  suburban resistance to subsidized housing or  suburban resistance to subsidized housing 2. Architecture is visual and mistakes are hard to hide. 3.  It is easier to for the community to communicate with town board or a city council rather than state legislature or of Congress. 4. Planning includes the interest of the community  5. A great deal of money is at stake 6. Planning effect property tax and education Power in Planning ­In the past, (with the Plan of Chicago) —the framework for the plan came from the planner alone. ­Currently, modern planning takes into account the interests and input from the community. Benefits include: It levels the playing field. Although the planner has education he is not dominating the structure of the society. The planner does not know what the individuals want. A plan is more  likely to thrive if the people living within the space have input  Robert Moses: twentieth century planner that destroyed homes and businesses for his own projects. He is honored for his work because his work is partly the reason NY is still successful today. But! He is frowned upon because of the method in which he chose to do such great work. Baron Haussmann: Haussmann razed whole neighborhoods to make way for his vision in Paris 5 Style of Planning 1. Neutral Public servant that does not tell the community what to do, but instead makes suggestions. 2. Builder of community consensus which works closely with politics since no plan can be put into action without the governments approval. 3. Entrepreneur based planning entails marketing and negotiating contracts. 4. Advocate planner approach represents and provides a voice for marginalized or disenfranchised groups. E.g. Paul Davidoff 5. Agent of Radical Change promote political or economic change which can be frustrating to go against an existing system.­a1ac­4387­b06e­dc9af5c79d5e&b=ce0015de­d3ab­2/40­ad49­6d5d254eb9ba&ses=4&… 9/8/2016 Exam 1­Angela Jones | Evernote Web Class Notes “why do we need planning?” traffic population density jobs access to resources: groceries & toilet paper The city creates a supportive community, where people connect What else can planners be?: Economist, architects, geographers, realtist We ask are the things we are building in the city helping or getting in the way? How long do plans usually last and how often should you revise? last for 20 years, revise every five What make a region 'urban'? 1/2 million + Urbanization in America No draining for rain, most cities are waterways War creates industrial complex: WWII and Cold War Car create automotive dependency  1960's: urbanization and race issues collide red­lining 1970's­ environmental justice, LGBTQ, women's rights What was the planning behind sanitary reform?: trash pickup, medical facilities This inspired: the germ theory What movements in charleston have had a lasting affect on city design?: open space, housing reform, and civic art, automobile accommodating infrastructure City beautiful movement: Daniel Burnham built the white city, first skyscraper,  Example of city beautiful movement in Charleston?: gibbes museum  Pros of MP: Proactive and well thought out plan Cons of MP: It may not be what the people of the community want Howard's vision for Garden city: Combination of town and country, people live in country but have easy transportation to the city  U.S. Constitution Confederation: power coming from the states     Anything not examined in the constitution is taken up by the states­a1ac­4387­b06e­dc9af5c79d5e&b=c3/415de­d3ab­4860­ad49­6d5d254eb9ba&ses=4&…


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