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Ch. 2 Continued

by: Jessica Crump

Ch. 2 Continued REL 101

Jessica Crump
GPA 3.87

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About this Document

These notes are from lecture on 9/6/16. They mostly cover Native American hardships during colonization.
Intro to Religion
Kristy Slominski
Class Notes
Religious Studies
25 ?




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jessica Crump on Wednesday September 7, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to REL 101 at University of Mississippi taught by Kristy Slominski in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 7 views. For similar materials see Intro to Religion in Religion at University of Mississippi.


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Date Created: 09/07/16
09/06/2016  Inter Caetera – a catholic document that stated how the colonialists should interacting with the Native Americans. o These barbaric nations should be overthrown and brought into the faith – convert them; whether or not violence is necessary o It was god’s will, so it’s cool “Right of Discovery” (of new lands)  If the Euro-Christians discovered the land, they had the right to take it  Most cases between Native Americans and Europeans never made it to court because they didn’t “legally” own the land. Native Americans don’t view land as property, it’s part of their lives  1823 Johnson v. M’intosh – the first court to make it to court. The Native Americans had an actual legal document stating the land was there. The Europeans still won the land o “Discovery” by Euro-Christians trumps native claims to land Protest Movements – native groups came together against their common enemy  Wovoka – a visionary that tried to revive the ghost dance in 1890. Wanted to bring the ancestors back to fight the settlers o Troops were sent in to end the dance. Became a massacre known as the Massacre of Wounded Knee o Native Americans believed that what they wore and their ancestors would protect them from the bullets but…  Standing Rock Sioux – today, a native group is protesting an oil pipeline in North Dakota. The oil pipeline is going through many sacred lands and effecting their water Contemporary Concerns of Native American lands:  Ecological destruction  Displacement by development ex. Standing rock Sioux and the pipeline  Obliteration of sacred ways ex. Young people going to college, living in cities, etc. makes keeping their relatively oral culture difficult  Religious rights  Mascot controversy ex. Indians, redskins, chiefs, braves, Chippewa’s’, Seminoles o Charge of ethnic stereotyping Sacramental use of Peyote:  Start – fight to let Native Americans use peyote – a hallucinogenic “drug” o Used to have visions in sweat lodges and stuff o Peyote was deemed illegal by the U.S. government. Native Americans are arguing that its part of their religious freedoms 09/06/2016 o Native Americans uses “Christian language” to make a “church” so that they could call their culture a “religion” and be able to use peyote o 1990 Employment v. Smith – allowed restrictions not aimed at religious groups alone  In 1993, the Religious Freedom Restoration Act – rejected 1990 restrictions of government interference with religion o Required “compelling governmental interest” before interference o Religious exemptions – businesses can deny service to someone who they don’t agree with e.g. LGBT customers


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