UP_Bundle of Notes for Exam
UP_Bundle of Notes for Exam URST 310
C of C
Popular in Urban Planning
Popular in Urban Studies
This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by A Jones on Wednesday September 7, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to URST 310 at College of Charleston taught by Stiefel in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 31 views. For similar materials see Urban Planning in Urban Studies at College of Charleston.
Reviews for UP_Bundle of Notes for Exam
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 09/07/16
9/8/2016 Exam 1Angela Jones | Evernote Web Exam 1-Angela Jones Quizlet: Book Notes Chapter 1 “why do we need planning?”: The need for planning comes down to two words, interconnectedness and complexity Every property that is developed burdens the community with obligations such as education, police and ﬁre protection, recreational services, and social services. Conversely, every development contributes, directly or indirectly, to municipal revenues through property taxes, sales taxes, or charges and fees. Thus the pattern of land development will affect how heavily the community must tax its residents and the level of public services the community can provide. 19th century learn about sanitation germ theory water sanitation Education of a planner: The single most common educational background is formal training in planning, most often a master’s email@example.com, either a Master of City Planning (MCP) or a Master of Urban and Regional Planning (MURP). Chapter 2, Chapter 3, & Chapter 4 Within the Next Set of Notes Chapter 5: The Legal Basis of Planning Fifth Amendment: Property Rights The government can take your property but they have to compensate Self pugury: I plead the fifth The power of eminent domain: government has the right to take property for public purposes. The building of roads, for example, generally involves the taking of private property for the right of way. Chapter 6: Planning and Politics https://www.evernote.com/Home.action?offer=www_menu#n=86b44662a1ac4387b06edc9af5c79d51/5=ce0015ded3ab4860ad496d5d254eb9ba&ses=4&… 9/8/2016 Exam 1Angela Jones | Evernote Web Why is planning political? 1. Actions of government can arouse the emotions of citizens. For example: suburban resistance to subsidized housing or suburban resistance to subsidized housing 2. Architecture is visual and mistakes are hard to hide. 3. It is easier to for the community to communicate with town board or a city council rather than state legislature or of Congress. 4. Planning includes the interest of the community 5. A great deal of money is at stake 6. Planning effect property tax and education Power in Planning In the past, (with the Plan of Chicago) —the framework for the plan came from the planner alone. Currently, modern planning takes into account the interests and input from the community. Benefits include: It levels the playing field. Although the planner has education he is not dominating the structure of the society. The planner does not know what the individuals want. A plan is more likely to thrive if the people living within the space have input Robert Moses: twentieth century planner that destroyed homes and businesses for his own projects. He is honored for his work because his work is partly the reason NY is still successful today. But! He is frowned upon because of the method in which he chose to do such great work. Baron Haussmann: Haussmann razed whole neighborhoods to make way for his vision in Paris 5 Style of Planning 1. Neutral Public servant that does not tell the community what to do, but instead makes suggestions. 2. Builder of community consensus which works closely with politics since no plan can be put into action without the governments approval. 3. Entrepreneur based planning entails marketing and negotiating contracts. 4. Advocate planner approach represents and provides a voice for marginalized or disenfranchised groups. E.g. Paul Davidoff 5. Agent of Radical Change promote political or economic change which can be frustrating to go against an existing system. https://www.evernote.com/Home.action?offer=www_menu#n=86b44662a1ac4387b06edc9af5c79d5e&b=ce0015ded3ab2/50ad496d5d254eb9ba&ses=4&… 9/8/2016 Exam 1Angela Jones | Evernote Web Class Notes “why do we need planning?” traffic population density jobs access to resources: groceries & toilet paper The city creates a supportive community, where people connect What else can planners be?: Economist, architects, geographers, realtist We ask are the things we are building in the city helping or getting in the way? How long do plans usually last and how often should you revise? last for 20 years, revise every five What make a region 'urban'? 1/2 million + Urbanization in America No draining for rain, most cities are waterways War creates industrial complex: WWII and Cold War Car create automotive dependency 1960's: urbanization and race issues collide redlining 1970's environmental justice, LGBTQ, women's rights What was the planning behind sanitary reform?: trash pickup, medical facilities This inspired: the germ theory What movements in charleston have had a lasting affect on city design?: open space, housing reform, and civic art, automobile accommodating infrastructure City beautiful movement: Daniel Burnham built the white city, first skyscraper, Example of city beautiful movement in Charleston?: gibbes museum Pros of MP: Proactive and well thought out plan Cons of MP: It may not be what the people of the community want Howard's vision for Garden city: Combination of town and country, people live in country but have easy transportation to the city https://www.evernote.com/Home.action?offer=www_menu#n=86b44662a1ac4387b06edc9af5c79d5e&b=ce03/5ded3ab4860ad496d5d254eb9ba&ses=4&… 9/8/2016 Exam 1Angela Jones | Evernote Web U.S. Constitution Confederation: power coming from the states Anything not examined in the constitution is taken up by the states Case Study: Land Use Law Casts Long Election Shadow A retired couple wanted to subdivide their land and make money but the laws prohibit. 1887, Mugler v. Kansas prohibition law that forced the closing of a brewery without compensation. The owners of the brewery argued that compensation was due, but the Court held that a loss imposed through exercise of the police power to protect the health or safety of the community required no compensation. 1909, Hadacheck v. Sebastian The city compelled a brickyard in a residential area to cease operations. It was considered a nuisance abatement because noise, dust, and trafﬁc. 1926, Village of Euclid v. Ambler Realty Prevented Ambler Realty from building a commercial structure in a residential zone. The term Euclidean Zoning, named for the town of Euclid, is now used to refer to conventional zoning ordinances 1978, Penn Central Transp. v New York City The company, which owned Grand Central Station, had sought to build a skyscraper atop the station, but it was blocked because the city Landmarks Preservation Committee had designated the station as a historic site. 1994, Dolan v. City of Tigard There was a parking shortage What did all of the cour findings have in common? Were property rights taken and is compensation necessary? 09/07/16 Types of Planners Neutral Public Servant Planning Dept. of the Mayor's office Community Consensus Volunteer Entrepreneur Private Sector Advocate Nonprofit, parks conservancy, housing nonprofit https://www.evernote.com/Home.action?offer=www_menu#n=86b44662a1ac4387b06edc9af5c79d5e&b=ce0015de4/5ab4860ad496d5d254eb9ba&ses=4&… 9/8/2016 Exam 1Angela Jones | Evernote Web Radical Change institutions of higher education, writers, journalist Example: Jane Jacobs, she was a secretary for a journal What is the difference between a planning agency and a planning consultant/firm? While both are public government, the agency is within the mayor's office and the firm is a private sector. https://www.evernote.com/Home.action?offer=www_menu#n=86b44662a1ac4387b06edc9af5c79d5e&b=ce0015ded3ab4860ad496d5d2545/5ba&ses=4&…
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'