POL 2088 9.6.16
POL 2088 9.6.16 POL 1080
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Melanie Basinger on Thursday September 8, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to POL 1080 at University of Cincinnati taught by Ivan Ivanov in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 7 views. For similar materials see Introduction to International Relations in Political Science at University of Cincinnati.
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Date Created: 09/08/16
Introduction to International Relations 9.6.16 Causation Conflict (What is the root cause of conflict?) Independent variable Dependent variable Size of ethnic group % of the population Relative deprivation How do you feel about the government? (How much do you fear the government?) Probability that something will cause conflict Independent Variable #1 Independent Variable #2 Independent Variable #3 #1 - #2 – Outcome #1 = civic participation #2 = fear from violence Democratic Countries have higher civic participation while non – democratic countries have a low level of civic participation Social Science view of counterfactuals: Libya and Kaddaf Nothing would have changed the outcome of Kaddaf being in power with or without NATO intervention How can we measure something that hasn’t happened? LEVELS OF ANALYSIS 1. Individual Level a. Human Nature (1930’s – 1960’s) i. Inherently good or bad? (pessimistic vs optimistic or realist’s vs idealists) b. Leadership i. Objective vs Subjective ii. Style of Leadership (independent vs participatory) 1. Independent leaders tend to have strong egos and strong emotional ties to their country. They also tend to want to maintain control and power a. Ex: Charles De Gaulle 2. Participatory leaders tend to take longer to make decisions and have a desire to maintain friendly international relationships a. Ex: President Barrack Obama c. Rational Decision Making i. What is rational? We assume that leaders are rational decision makers ii. Cost Beneft Analysis iii. Aware of your environment iv. Problems? 1. Often don’t get all the information needed to make a rational decision 2. Solution is bounded rationality: you don’t need all the information, just sufficient information and past experience. This then creates an algorithm d. Psychological Features i. Belief system (formed by past experiences) ii. Cognitive consistency 1. Often ignore inconsistency 2. Distorted rationale 3. Simplifed Information e. Weaknesses of the Individual Level i. Which factors actually matter? 1. Most leaders will not take any psychological or personality tests 2. State Level a. Types of Government i. Regime/System 1. Presidential Republic, Constitutional Monarchy, Parliamentary Republic, Parliamentary Monarchy ii. Democratic Governments 1. Elected by the people iii. Non Democratic Governments 1. Absolute monarchies, theocracies = authoritarian 2. Nazis, communism, fascism = totalitarian b. Democratic Peace Theory i. Democratic countries view International Relations differently and are less likely to become aggressive and start wars than non- democratic countries c. Bureaucratic Politics Model i. Hierarchy: Only care about yourself d. Organizational Process Model i. Turf Battle 1. Ex: Taiwan vs Mainland China e. Type of Economy i. Market, informal, formal f. Demographics i. Younger countries = more resources, better future ii. Older countries = less resources, bleak future, lower birth rate g. Ethnic Homogeneity i. How are minorities treated? 1. Ex: Burma. The minorities are extremely oppressed h. Political Stability i. Natural Resources i. Mineral, geographic location 1. Ex: Switzerland and the Alps 3. System Level a. Anarchy i. 1648: Peace of Westphalia 1. Principalities 2. Protestants vs. Catholics 3. Sovereignty b. International Rules
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