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Chapter 1 Class Notes

by: Saraid Notetaker

Chapter 1 Class Notes PSY 320

Saraid Notetaker

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About this Document

These notes cover the material that was discussed in class for chapter 1
Cognitive Psychology
Dr. Mervin Matthew
Class Notes
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Saraid Notetaker on Thursday September 8, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 320 at University of Mississippi taught by Dr. Mervin Matthew in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 14 views. For similar materials see Cognitive Psychology in Psychology at University of Mississippi.

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Date Created: 09/08/16
Chapter 1: History, Methods, and Paradigms  Influences on the Study of Cognition o Stimulus (information coming in from the outside world that you have to respond to)  Thought/mind Response  Cognitive psychology focuses on the thought/mind  The stimulus and the response can tell us what is going on within their mind o Structuralism  What they are studying: how we perceive the world around us—how we see in color  What influenced them: the periodic table of elements— wanted to know that the elements of a conscious experience were; they also wanted to know how they were put together  What was it that lead to the downfall: o Functionalism  What they are studying: why we perceive the world the way we do—why we see in color  What influenced them: Darwin’s theory of natural selection —wanted to know how our conscious experience helps us survive in our environment  What was it that lead to the downfall: o Behaviorism  What they are studying: focus on the behavior—only focusing on the stimulus and the response  What influenced them: physics has an equation that they can plug things into and know exactly what happened  What was it that lead to the downfall:  Watson  Why should we focus on behavior? The thought process was too difficult to observe directly  The black box is important we just simply cant study it  Skinner  Why should we focus on behavior? What you think of as a thought is just a stimulus to response relationship  The black box is an illusion  Chomsky  Why should we focus on behavior? Language acquisition—according to Skinner language acquisition would not exist, even though it does  Need to think about cognition in order to think about the behavior o Cognitive Revolution  The cognitive model not only came back into psychology, but also it expanded into all of the languages of psychology  Research Methods in Cognitive Psychology o Experiments  Best for telling us causal relationships o Quasi-Experiments  Also looking for cause and effect, but you ad the experimenter are not deciding who gets which condition o Naturalistic Observation  You are looking at how people perform in their natural environment o Controlled Observation  You change some elements of the environments and then observe o Systematic Introspection  Ask people to break down what they are thinking  Problems  By asking people to think about their thought process, you change it  People lie about what they are thinking  People might not be aware of what they are thinking  Even though it is supposed to be objective it isn’t o Investigations of Neural Underpinnings  The ways that the neurons in your brain act according to the stimuli around them  Paradigms of Cognitive Psychology o Information Processing Approach  Serial: works in series  Modular: something that is self contained o Connectionist Approach  Distributed: multiple parts that are apart of the same task  Parallel: they are all going at the same time o Evolutionary and Ecological Approaches  Evolutionary: ecological approach from our ancestors  Ecological:


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