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Hist 112 - Week One Notes

by: MadPie

Hist 112 - Week One Notes HIST 112

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About this Document

Here are my notes from Week One of HIST 112, covering the topics of Historical Narrative and the Catholic Historical Tradition
World Civilization 1500-Pres
Eric P. Cunningham
Class Notes
history, narratives, catholic, Tradition




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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by MadPie on Thursday September 8, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 112 at Gonzaga University taught by Eric P. Cunningham in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 9 views.

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Date Created: 09/08/16
History 112 :: Week One, Study Soup [[ Tuesday 8/30 ]] Narratives [in particular Catholic narratives] “Means by which humans organizes the experiences we encounter” Modern World : 1415-1500 [15th/16th Century] >> Begins : Renaissance, Black Death, New World Two Options 1. Debt, warfare, terrorism, etc. are good things 2. Remake your map >> We believe in progress >> Orwellian Theory [“Orwellian" is an adjective describing a situation, idea, or societal condition that George Orwell identified as being destructive to the welfare of a free and open society.] // Can almost always assume that what you hear on the news is a lie // Modernity : Almost synonymous with progression — Modern world ended after WWI 1920’s : Proliferation of debtless money under W. Wilson Globalism : Scam at best — No longer in a this world Greeks and Narratives >> Cyclical and mythical view of history >> “History repeats itself Chronos : Chronological [Timeline] Kairos : Profound reality [Cycle] Greeks : No progress - to be concerned with the social isn’t important — to be virtuous and to live with virtue is the only thing that matters — no closure, closure is cyclical >> Rise to the occasion << >> Its how you live in a manner of the gods << >> This is a world with eternal return << >> Eternal Hell : A recognizing of the past << Hebrews and Narratives >> Very first historical people • Karl Löwith Book of Genesis • • Because first people to have a look at the future • Living in a mythical paradise [i.e. Adam and Eve] • Providential historical world // Hebrews : Some control over what happens // Greeks : Fatalistic [Fate - No choice] Dialectics >> New reality >> Dialogue Dialectic - Thesis - Antithesis - Synthesis i.e. Thesis : I was hungry. Now I am full. Antithesis : I was full. Now I am thirsty. Synthesis: I was thirsty. Now I am good. How do humans respond to God’s call? >> Fundamental question behind history. Example Dialects : 1. God calls // Humans answer 2. City of God // City of Man City of God : Love of God governs it City of Man : Love of power governs it >> St. Augustin’s argument Teleological - Telos - Goal Goal : Second coming of Christ - Kingdom of God [Judeo-Christian view] >> Modern world is a free body diagram that we this is the providential truth << [[ Thursday 9/1 ]] Narrative :: I. Fatalistic [Popularized by the Greeks // Believed in the eternal return, cycles of nature were replicated in humanity // Process is circular and cyclical // Non-process, non-linear] II. Providential [There is a divine will involved // Loving Father who had a plan // Providential “thing” guiding the flow of History // Judeo-Christian view is providential] III. Confucian [Chinese philosophy // Rise and fall, not progress // Empirical household is in charge of the rise and falls // Shang Dynasty (1600 BC) - Zhou Dynasty … mandate of heaven is lost and another dynasty comes into power … view of History until 1911 // No progress, wave, up and down … up and down] >> Modern people live in chronos >> Ancient people lived in kairos // One can only assume that there will be a post history since there is a pre history // History is based on a future vision, not a past nostalgia Dialectics :: Thesis, antithesis, synthesis [new reality created by the thesis and antithesis] >> Marx :: Looks at history as giant conversations Modernity :: Never ending destruction of the old Hans Urs von Balthasar :: When we start thinking about history, we have to start thinking about the fundamental, philosophical questions 1. Who is in charge of history? 2. Do we have free will? 3. Is there some higher mind that is making decisions for us. >> As moderns, we assume that everything before us was prehistoric, lesser. This is false, it is a conjecture. >> Every Philosophy believes that there is some higher mind, God, that is creating decisions for us. Human beings are culture creators, but not the only ones. Christian Worldview :: The only way that this could possibly work: you can create a human philosophy that strives for the human ideal, but there has to be at least one human being who is God. [Basis of Christian humanity :: At least one human was once God] Church began when the people who followed Jesus around swore that this is what they saw. [When they saw Jesus be crucified, rise, etc.] //Basis of Christian Worldview// Real life people who saw this happen and swore to it … “Saw him fly up to heaven.” Saw it. Believed it. Testified to it. What is the historical evidence of the Church? The Church itself. A community held together by one person [Jesus] and those who testified and believed what they saw. >> For 300 years, Christians were hunted, persecuted, fed to wild animals, chased out of their homes, etc. For 300 years, this Church flourished as a hunted entity. >> 313 AD :: Constantine :: Edict of Milan :: Made it possible for Christians to buy, own, and sell land :: Made it possible for Christians to be legal :: Eventually became Christian himself :: First Christian emperor >> 410 AD :: Rome is sacked by the King of the Visigoths :: Christians get blamed for this >> City of God, St. Augustine :: “The Glory of Rome is nothing but a military brothel disguised as a pig bottom.” // The only thing that ever redeemed Rome was Christianity // Augustine becomes very first Christian historian, dialectic // Establishes dialectic of City of God vs. City of Man // City of God :: Heaven // City of Man :: Historical World // Do not confuse the two // Born into the City of Man … can choose to be members of the City of God // Cannot create heaven on Earth // City of God :: Dominated by love of God // City of Man :: Dominated by love of self // Is it a world that God created or that man created? Real city :: God, False city :: Man >> World right now :: “City of Man on steroids” [Augustine predicted this] >> What did Augustine give us? A Christian historiography // 6 ages inside his world view [Creation to Flood] [Flood to Abraham] [Abraham to David] [etc.] >> Augustine replicated the process driving one toward Heaven … Kingdom of God is final destination // Life on Earth is a pilgrimage of suffering that will take you to the Kingdom of Heaven >> God vs. The Nations >> All of the Earthly Kingdoms, The Nations, standing in the way of God’s reign >> Goal :: Heaven, not Earthy Paradise >> When people think that they can create Heaven on Earth, things go to shit … i.e. Concentration Camps // Program is not set to run this way St. Thomas Aquinas [Lived in 1200’s] The Great Synthesis :: Take 3 seemingly unrelated things [Hebrew Prophecy, Christian Salvation, and Greek Philosophy] that get woven into one >> Aristotle I. Realism :: Embraced by Augustine [Fan of Plato] II. Conceptualism :: Embraced by Aquinas [Fan of Aristotle] III. Nominalism :: Embraced by Ockham [Plato] >> Via Moderna << Conceptualism :: You cannot say that spirit and idea are the only reality. Spirit and idea are real, but the forms manifested are also real. There is a coexistence of matter and idea. It is something that you have to contend with. Only with matter and forms can you work out your salvation. >> Aquinas and Aristotle :: Without the means of stuff, you will never get a realization of ideas. Nominalism :: The only reality is the stuff. What is real is the world // “Beauty is in the eye of the beholder” // “Virtue is made up” // Deny the City of God, everything is actually the City of Man Modernity [as a concept] >> Modern world :: Unilinear Progress >> Beginning in 18th Century through the Industrial Revolution >> There is one, and only one, line of material process that is working its way through history and eventually, everyone’s histories will all line up >> Material, scientific :: Every reference point has to do with the material world // Pre-Modern :: Before 1500 // Early Modern :: 1500-1700 // High Modern :: 1750-1920 // Late Modernity [Post-Modernity] :: 1920 - Present Political :: Democratic, Representative >> China is not Democratic, China is not a modern society Economic :: Capitalistic, Degenerates into socialistic, Degenerates into communistic Social :: Largely based upon recognition of class identity, leading to the erosion of class identity in which the ideal is that everyone becomes a member of the class called bourgeoisie [middle class] Cultural :: Freedom moving toward secularism >> Secularism is dominate feature … features of Modern World from these sectors [All civilizations have these things, but these are the modern modes.]


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