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Biology 110 chapter 1

by: Megan Ruth Simpson

Biology 110 chapter 1 BIOL 110 004

Megan Ruth Simpson

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Chapter 1 lecture notes
General Biology
Milan K. Dhameja
Class Notes
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Megan Ruth Simpson on Thursday September 8, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to BIOL 110 004 at University of South Carolina taught by Milan K. Dhameja in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 3 views. For similar materials see General Biology in Biology at University of South Carolina.

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Date Created: 09/08/16
Biology 110 Chapter One  Hypothesis-Driven Science: -The Scientific Method consists of a series of steps; -Observation -Question -Hypothesis -Prediction -Experiment -Hypothesis- a tentative answer to a question; a hypothesis must be testable and must be able to be proven wrong. -Scientific Theory- broader than a hypothesis and is a comprehensive explanation supported by abundant evidence.  Theories in Science -Theories only become accepted by scientists if: 1. Are supported by an accumulation of extensive and varied evidence 2. Have not been contradicted by any scientific data -When does a theory get proven wrong? When there is more evidence going against it.  The Three Domains of life -Bacteria -Archaea -Eukarya Bacteria and Archaea have prokaryotic cells- (does not have a nucleus) Eukarya have eukaryotic cells- (has a nucleus) -Bacteria has four basic components: 1. Plasma membrane 2. Ribosomes 3. Cytoplasma 4. DNA  Major Themes in Biology Five unifying themes will serve as touchstones throughout our investigation of Biology; 1.Evolution 2.Structure/Function 3.Information Flow 4.Energy Transformations 5.Interconnections within systems -Evolution- the process of change that has transformed life on earth; changes via natural selection  Information Flow -for life’s functions to proceed in an orderly manner, information must be stored, transmitted, and used - all cells use DNA as the chemical material of genes that transmit info from parent to offspring. DNA has four molecular building blocks: -A, G, C, T -The entire set of genetic information that an organism inherits is called genome. The nucleus of each human cell contains a genome that is about 3 billion chemical letters long.  Energy Transformations: Pathways That Transform Energy and Matter -Various cellular activities of life are work, such as movement, growth, and reproduction, and work requires energy. -life is made possible by: 1. The input of energy, primarily from the sun 2. The transformation of energy from one to another  Interconnections within Biological Systems Molecules and atoms – organelles – Cells – Tissues – Organs and Organ Systems – Organisms – Populations – Communities – Ecosystems - Biospheres


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