World civics, week 2 notes
World civics, week 2 notes 102
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kierra Thompson on Thursday September 8, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 102 at University of Southern Mississippi taught by Andrew Weist in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 47 views. For similar materials see World Civilization 2 in History at University of Southern Mississippi.
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Date Created: 09/08/16
Week 2 World civics *British captures most American cities including Boston Bunker Hill (1775-1781) General George Washington o Given command by congress o Linear war How armies fought back then Stood in 4 lines, all firing once Rejected by George Washington o Bad army, bad weapons o Realized Americans had some advantages Britain was a long way away Familiar with their own land o Became a nation state Really hard to beat Everyone on the same team o Plan was to avoid battles o Weapons consisted of time and willpower o Redefined warfare Battle of Saratoga (1777) Battle of Yorktown o 1781 o General Corn Wallis o Goes to a peninsula o Surrender to Washington after Washington closes off the peninsula o Gives America their independence Articles of confederation o Came after gaining independence o First government came under it Too weak Couldn’t defend you o 1787 Continental congress (Constitutional convention) Federalist want a stronger government Radical democrats supported the rights of the people Federalist were over it (became in control), Radicals boycotted Gained a republic (NO KING) Gained a federal power divided by central government and states Gained a democracy one man, one vote o Women couldn’t vote o Age restrictions (under 25 couldn’t vote) o Slaves couldn’t vote *3/5 compromise slaves votes were worth 3/5 of humanity Constitution creates 3 branches of government Executive branch o President and cabinet execute and enforce rules Legislative branch o Congress, senate and house makes laws Judicial branch o Supreme court decides on constitutional rights Constitution gives president commander in chief of armed forces Constitution creates checks and balances Would pass if Americans can get the Bill of Rights French Revolution Three Estates (classes) Clergy (church officials) o About 100,000 in France o Owns 30% of country o Paid no taxes Noblesses o Around 300,000 o Owns 30% of country o Have special rights and privileges ( paid no taxes) Tiers-Estate o 26 mill o Owns 40% of France o Consist of middle class and upper class o Started the revolution o Upper class wants political change o Middle class wants to change everything Louis XVI King Absolute monarch Married to Marie Antoinette Timid. Lose control 18 billion in debt for helping colonist in war Turgot King’s financial advisor 2 simple answers o Spend less o Raise taxes Louis decides to tax the church and noblesses o Calls together an assembly of noblesses Gathering of the most important people Asked them do they voluntarily would like to pay taxes Would consider if King assemble an Estate General Estate general is a French parliament with 3 houses o Lost powers and demands o Clergy and other two classes can now say yes or no King gives power to Tiers-Estate Allows every male to vote o Tiers-Estate say vote by number of representation o 1 two classes say vote by class King puts up remodeling sign on building Tiers-Estate meet in o Tiers-Estate meets on local tennis court o Sworn oath called “tennis court oath” Renames themselves “The National Constituent Assembly” Wrote a document called constitution for the new state of France King gets 18,000 Switzerland troops to kill off Tiers-Estate Storming The Bastille June 14, 1789, poor folks of third class were round up by their leaders (Paris Mob) o Went after the Bastille prison o King lose total power to mob o Mob kills other poor people that’s left in the prison Calls themselves the National Guard Paris begins to starve Hungry group of mothers get together October of 1789 goes to Verse o Makes into verse through open side door o Finds King hiding under Queen skirt o Haul him off to Paris and locks him in prison
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