ANSC 1000 Lecture 8 Week 4
ANSC 1000 Lecture 8 Week 4 ANSC 1000
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Brianna Notetaker on Thursday September 8, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ANSC 1000 at Auburn University taught by Alese Grey Parks in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 7 views.
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Date Created: 09/08/16
ANSC 1000Lecture 8 9-7-16 *Last Exam1 Lecture Societal Values Influence Welfare Standards “As society evolves,the sense of ethicschanges. We must be careful tonot impose our standards on people who live inconditions worse than the best of our animals.” How we feel aboutanimalsisbasedonourbackground. We haveto understandtheindustrybeforewe can talkabout improvingit. Societalgrowth and“progress” are relatedtoincreasedanimal welfare awarenessandlegislation. BlackBeauty– writtenfor a politicalpurposetoraiseawarenessfor howhorseswere treatedat thetime Youcan identifya potentialserialkiller,childabuser,andmass shootingculpritbasedonhowtheytreat animals;Usually,howa persontreatsanimalsishowtheywill treatotherpeople. It isn’tjust facts thatdictatewhat toincludewhen consideringanimal welfare.It is alsodictatedbysociety’svalues withno universalsetof rulesto follow. Humansare naturallysuspiciousofsomethingthatis foreignto them. 1.7 percentof U.S.societyis presentlyengagedin production agriculture. Urbanpeoplereturntothe country‐side,see andsmellanimalsagain, andmaynot understandwhattheyobserve. A horsewearinga fly maskmaylooklike some sortof blindingdeviceto a personwhois unfamiliarwithhorses. 98% ofpeoplehavesomesort ofinfluence. Science vs. Society Botha role to playin decidingwhatconstitutesanappropriatelevelof animalwelfare.Science determinesthedegree ofanimalwelfarerisk presentunderspecificcircumstanceswhile societydecideswhat degree ofriskis acceptable. Animal Welfare Guidelines – AVMA Whenanimalsare captiveor in ourcontrol there are specific guidelinestobe followed: o Health o Reasonablecomfort o Freedom from pain o Suitablefeed o Freedom from unduestress o Protectionfrom elementsas neededbythe species o As much as possible,abilitytopracticeinnatebehavior o Humane euthanasiawhennecessary What is “good enough”? Maintainbasichealthandfunctionofthebody(Standup,eat, function,andlive);functionalview. How ananimalfeels;Its physiologicalstate,suchas pain,sufferingor contentment;iftheyare not happyorcomfortable,theywillbegin to exhibitstrangebehaviors(ahorsecribbing);positiveaffectivestates view. An animal’sabilitytoleada reasonablynaturallifeandperform behaviorsinwhich itmight normallyengage;naturallivingview. Maintainathletic,economicandrecreationaluses;allowan animalto liveas closelyto howtheywouldnaturallyliveaspossible. 2 Animal Care Guidelines(textbook p.362) Animalsshouldbeloaded,transported,andunloadedinamanner thatpreventsinjuryanddistress. Nonambulatoryanimalsshouldneverbe loadedontoatransport vehicle destinedformarket or harvestfacilities. Nonambulatoryanimalsasa resultoftransportshouldbeunloaded appropriately. Animalsmustbe handledhumanelyandinaccordancewith applicable federal,state,and locallaws. Euthanasiaprotocolsmustbe inplace andfollowedtoprovidethe most humanedeathpossiblewhenotherviableoptionsarenot available. STOP principle: Sick, thin,ocularissuesor blindness,orpain/lameness meansno transportationormarketing. Animal Welfare Legislation 1966 AnimalWelfareAct-establishesminimalstandardsofcare for animalsusedinresearch,transportedcommercially,bredfor commercial sale,or exhibitedtothepublic 1985 amendment– tightenedregulationsforlaboratoryanimalcare. 1990 amendment– expandedcoverageto includedomesticpets. 2007 amendment– prohibitsanimalfighting 1970Horse Protection Act - prohibitstheshowing,sale,auction,exhibition,ortransportof soredhorses 1978 Humane SlaughterAct - regulatestreatmentandhandlingofall foodanimalsslaughteredinUSDA‐inspectedfacilities.Thisdoesnot applyto birds. 3 Guidelinesfor Animals used in Research Animalsshouldnotsufferpain/distressunlesspain/distressisthe objective,or controlofpain/distresswouldinvalidateresults. Animalsshouldnotbeusedrepeatedlyforinvasiveexperiments. Drugs whichcause paralysiswhileleavingthe animalconsciousshould notbe used withoutanesthesia. Husbandryandhousingshouldfitthenatureoftheanimal. Oversight oftheseprinciplesshould beprovidedbylocalcommittees ofnonscientistsandscientistsviaprotocolreviewand facility inspection.(Atuniversities:InstitutionalAnimalCareandUse Committee(IACUC)) 3 Rs:Replace, Reduce,Refine There are regulationsonsurgeriesbutthe regulationondifferent animalsisdifferent. Dehorning Theycan injuryeach otherandus. Different methodsareless painful. Tail Docking Theystartplayingwith each other’stails,bite,bringblood,andwilleat each other. The removalofteethis to preventfightingandso theydon’tinjurythe motherwhen nursing. Dairy CattleManagement Dairycattle are thinnerthanbeefcattle. Babiested toget bottlefed. Males are castratedandmanagedtheway beefcattleare. Cows don’tliketo movea lot so keepingthem in pinsor a barnis nota bigdeal. EquinePerformance Injuries Peoplehavethisperceptionthatracinghorsesandsuch is wrong becausethe horsesget injuredsometimes. 4 Whattheydon’trealizeis a horsecan just as wellsustainoneofthose injuriesfromrunningandplayingin a fieldtheystayin. Horses’legs must supportalot ofweight andmuscle for such small legs.This is whytheyoftenget leginjuries. Summary Societalpressureregardinganimalwelfareandrights issuenotlikely to go away. Producers shouldmaintainrecordofsoundhusbandrypractices. Educateconsumersandpolicymakers toinform themofhow agricultureoperationsreallyrunandwork. Research opportunitiestoimprovefacilities,managementtech,& handling. 5
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