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Week 3 Notes

by: Rachel Rusnak

Week 3 Notes 100

Rachel Rusnak
GPA 3.2

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Continued from Ch.1 and covers the readings over Ch.2- Methods.
Principles of Sociology
Fang Gong (P)
Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Rachel Rusnak on Thursday September 8, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 100 at Ball State University taught by Fang Gong (P) in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 11 views. For similar materials see Principles of Sociology in Sociology at Ball State University.


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Date Created: 09/08/16
Sociology 100:001 Professor Gong September 6-9, 2016 Sociological Perspective: Continued. 1. Symbolic Interactionism. a. How is society experienced? i. Everyday interaction/ social situations. ii. Micro-level theory. iii. Symbols and their meanings of society. iv. The active role of people in crating social circumstances. 1. How people used symbols to: a. Establish meaning. b. Develop their views of the world. c. Communicate with one another. b. Proponents of Symbolic Interactionism. i. George Herbert Mead (1863-1931). 1. American sociologist. 2. Founder of social psychology. ii. Erving Goffman (1922-82). 1. “The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life”. c. Criticism of Symbolic Interactionism. i. Neglects larger social institutions and social process. ii. Neglects powerful issues of stability and change. 2. Feminist Theory. a. How is society stratified by gender? b. How does gender shape a person’s social experience? i. Conflict Theory in gender stratification. 1. Focus on patriarchy (male privilege). 2. Male domination is determined by social structures and social convention. ii. Both micro-level and macro-level analysis. c. Proponents of Feminist Theory. i. Harriet Martineau (1802-76). 1. English writer, philosopher and feminist. 2. First female sociologist. Theory Level of analysis (micro/macro) Focus 1. Functionalism Macro society is integrated. 2. Conflict Theory Macro society is divided. 3. Symbolic Interactionism Micro society is experienced. 4. Feminist Theory Micro and Macro society is stratified by gender. 1 Sociology 100:001 Professor Gong September 6-9, 2016 Methods. 1. Research methods: a. Approaches that social scientists use for investigating the answers to questions. i. Quantitative methods- seek to obtain information in numeric form. ii. Qualitative methods- attempt to collect information that cannot be converted to numeric form. 2. Approaches to research. a. A deductive approach: i. Starts with a theory. ii. Develop a hypothesis. iii. Make empirical observations. iv. Analyze the data. b. An inductive approach: i. Starts with empirical observation. ii. Then works to form a hypothesis. Analysis {Deductive {Inductive Approach} Approach} Empirical observation Theory Hypothesis 1. Hypothesis- a proposed relationship between two variables. 2. Variables. a. Independent variable (IV). i. The cause. b. Dependent variables (DV). i. The effect/ outcome. c. Data Collection. i. Participant observation. 1. A qualitative method that seeks to observe social actions in practice. ii. Interviews. 1. A qualitative data gathering technique through asking questions. a. Individual interviews. b. Group interviews (focus groups). iii. Survey research. 1. An ordered series of questions intended to elicit information from respondents. 2 Sociology 100:001 Professor Gong September 6-9, 2016 iv. Experimentation. v. Historical methods. vi. Comparative research vii. Content analysis. 3


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