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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Rupak Kadel on Thursday September 8, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to MUS 165 at University of Southern Mississippi taught by Galit Kaunitz in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 81 views.
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Date Created: 09/08/16
Three Planes of Listening 1. Sensuous Plane 2. Expressive Plane 3. Musical Plane The Sensuous Plane Simplest way to listen “Brainless but attractive.” Music = Escape The Expressive Plane Beauty doesn’t equal to Value The music’s meaning may be obvious or obscured, and may not nearly fall into one category or another. Listen : Schoenberg’s Pierrot Lunaire “Just music” has as much emotional legitimacy as music that represents something specific Allow for emotionathcomplexity Listen : Mozart 40 Symphony The Musical Plane Listen for notes, rhythms, harmonies, scales and form aka the elements of music. Follow the composer’s train of thought. Simultaneous Listening Goal : Listen on all three planes at the same time; be inside and outside the music. Creative Inspiration Inspiration according to Elizabeth Gilbert, authr of Eat, Pray, Love. Elizabeth Gilbert on Inspiration Humans shifted from “having” a genius to “being’ a genius. Where does the composer begin? A musical Idea “The composer starts with his theme; and the theme is a gift from Heaven. He doesn’t know where it comes from – he has no control over it. What the idea sounds like? Melody alone Melody with harmony Rhythmic idea Two or three melodies heard at the same time Where does this theme belong? Does the character fit a large setting like a symphony or is it better fitted for a string quartet because its more intimate? Is it a song or is it an opera? Four Types of 1. The Spontaneously Inspired Prolific, uncontrollable well of creativity. Franz Schubert, Hugo Wolf a) Each wrote a song a day b) Write best in shorter formats. 2. The Constructive Type Aka “The Mule” Begins with a musical theme, not completed idea Rough drafts, hard work Aaron Copland, Ludwig von Beethoven 3. The Traditionalist Johann Sebastian Bach, Giovanni Pelestrina Begins with a pattern rather than a theme. Did not create new forms, but improved on forms that already existed 4. The Pioneer Opposes conventional solutions Experimental in their approach Hector Berlioz, Claude Debussy, and Edgar Varase Listen : Varese Hyperprism Pitch Pitch is : Sound Wave Vibrations ( science thing) Our ears organize certain vibrations into recognizable tones ( psychological construct) Notes in a scale ( music thing) Do,re,mi Hertz Pitch is measured by the rate of vibration of a physical source Hertz (Hz) measured in cycles per second Low sounds vibrate more slowly, high sounds vibrate more quickly Human Hearing The range of Hearing is about 20-20000 Hz. Though we can hear the extremes of this range, we don’t assign a pitch to them because they are difficult to identify Range of hearing Listen : Human Audio Spectra Hearing Test Modern Science can’t repair damaged hair cells. Emotional Content: Pitches combine to create melodies High notes can signal excitement or urgency Low notes can signal forbidding or sadness Listen to Finlandia Rhythm and Meter The First Element Rhythm creates an immediate and primal reaction Rhythmic notation is an imperfect representation of the sound The Legacy of Notation Before 1150, music was not measured evenly as it is today Much of the earlier music that was written down was vocal Rhythm was dependent on language and followed the natural pattern of speech Listen : Gregorian Chant Effect of the Renaissance Gutenberg’s Printing Press made music less expensive to produce and more available to the middle class. Sheet Music became affordable and it was possible to learn music without hearing it first. Definitions: 1. Beat – Pulse of the music 2. Rhythm – Length of notes 3. Tempo – The pace of the music 4. Meter – Organization of beats Rhythm Relationship between long and short notes Tempo Speed of the beat can alter the mood Listen: Back In Black ( tempo is 96 bpm) Billie Jean (tempo is 116 bpm) Common Time Signatures Most Common In Western Culture: 4/4 , 2/4 , ¾ 4/4 and 2/4 are easy to walk and march to ¾ is a common waltz time signature Listen : The Blue Danube Waltz, My Favourite Things Syncopation: Rhythmic Pattern of note anticipating a beat Listen: Buddy Holly , That’ll be the day Scott Joplic, Maple Leaf Rag
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