GEOG 1010: Middle America Part 2 (Chapter 3)
GEOG 1010: Middle America Part 2 (Chapter 3) GEOG 1010
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This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ashleigh McClure on Thursday September 8, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to GEOG 1010 at Auburn University taught by Dr. Jim Norwood in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 51 views. For similar materials see Global Geography in Geography at Auburn University.
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Date Created: 09/08/16
Middle AmericaPart 2 9/7/16 10:03 AM • Regions of the Realm ○ Mexico § The realm's giant ○ The Central America's Republic ○ Caribbean § The Greater Antilles § The Lesser Antilles • Maquiladoras ○ Initiated after WWII to accommodate returning braceros (contract laborers who had worked in the U.S. during WWII) ○ Came into it's own after the initiation of NAFTA ○ Foreign-owned assembly plants § Take advantage of much lower wages in Mexico § Assemble imported, duty-free components/raw materials § Export the finished products mostly to the U.S. □ Electronic components and appliances, auto parts, clothing, furniture • NAFTA ○ Went into effect January 1, 1994 ○ Established a trade agreement between Mexico, Canada and the U.S. § Reduced and regulated trade tariffs, barriers, and quotas between members § Standardized finance and service exchanges • Central America ○ The Seven Republics § Guatemala Belize § § Honduras § El Salvador § Nicaragua § Costa Rica § Panama ○ Altitudinal Zonation § Found in mountainous Middle and South America § Temperature decreases with altitude § Has a great impact on which crops can grow where • Tropical Deforestation ○ Clearing of rural lantoaccommodatecattle and export production ofcommodities § Logging of tropical forests to meet global demandsfor new housing, paper, and furniture § Population expansion □ Forests are cut to providecrop-raising space and firewood • The Caribbean Basin ○ The Greater Antilles § Cuba § Hispaniola § Jamaica § Puerto Rico ○ The Lesser Antilles • Tourism: A Blessing or a Curse? ○ Advantages § State and regional economic options § A clean industry § Educational ○ Disadvantages § Disjunctive development § Degrades fragile environmental resources § Inauthentic representation of native cultures
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