COMM1101 Week 1 Notes
COMM1101 Week 1 Notes COMM1101
Popular in Cases in Communication
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Hyejin Kwon on Thursday September 8, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to COMM1101 at Cornell University taught by Poppy Mcleod in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views. For similar materials see Cases in Communication in Communication at Cornell University.
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Date Created: 09/08/16
Lecture 1 What is Communication? Symbolism: e.g. Diamond= carbons, but we place more value onto them They are disengaged from their actuality Such symbols are largely given- taken for granted (e.g. giving diamond vs. giving coal) Given with the same ending view We create culture through this- to give us these meanings and we share these symbols (by communication) Is Communication the most fundamental of human sciences? - The complexity of our communication, and the extent to which we depend on it for survival - Unique We are fundamentally social creatures - We require social contact child development, health, etc. - We co-ordinate our behaviors not true of all animal species, need to do this not only to survive but to accomplish things that are important to us - We depend on socialization and education teach each other what the roles are in our societies, groups, culture, etc. Formal & informal ways- expectations, lessons, etc. We are fundamentally cultural creatures - There is specific meaning for something – animals - Humans- we produce and use symbols (what is the point of art? What is the point of poetry?) - Some argue we need to create symbols + meanings + culture b/c it is part of our survival makes us unique b/c we need this to thrive - Using fundamental symbol- we can change and redefine them to make it our own (e.g. “Ithaca is gorges” can change to diff. statements) - We fill the world with information to help us navigate it - We attempt not only to apprehend the world around us, but also to understand it how does one that has never seen that symbol go about understanding it? The word “Communication” = been around a long time, but meanings have shifted over time What’s in a name? E.g. Communication vs. CommunicationS Communication: the academic discipline focused on the study of communication processes and media Communications: professional practices such as developing campaigns, and to infrastructure and equipment used to deliver info (phone towers, fiber options, etc.) Lecture 2 Why Communication? What is Communication? - Word “Communication”= been around for long time, but meaning have shifted over time th 14 Century Canterbury Tales – Start of Italian Renaissance - Physically moving to go to the pilgrimage - Imparting “things material”= the physical movement shows what they are communicating, moving a physical thing somewhere else th 15 Century - Communication starts taking notion of dialogue and interaction - How do people interact with each other, argue with each other, inform - Key things that happened: Gutenberg’s printing press (Germany- not the first in the world but first to make practical + commercially viable) - See widespread of news - European discovery of new world - Renaissance - You yourself moving with your thing th 16 Century - Communication of transportation- the very action of the movement not only getting from one place to another - Colonization of new world - Beginning of camera – prints communicate some ideas, images, capture moment in time - The images = high fidelity= couldn’t change it (Photoshop) 17 Century - Communion - Communication= means by which our community is bound - First newspaper as a way to bind the community together - Regional identity (Chicago tribune, NY times, etc.) - While they have national reputation, they are tied + identified w/ their community (local newspapers) th 18 Century - Communication= interpersonal intercourse - Having convo, responding - Start of industrial revolution - Start to see the rise of technology - Contains more of the symbolic, less of the physicality of communication - We can begin to send signals = allows intercourse + more symbolic th 19 Century: Symbolic communication - This becomes more clear - Telephones, Light bulbs - Not only rise of tech but also science - Send message through electric impulses - These electric impulses start to MEAN words, messages - Now you trust these electrical beats - Checking a box= yes starts to symbolize + communicate some ideas th 20 century - Information transmission - Have words like: quantum physics, nuclear war = all 20 century th terms - Words tied to rise in tech and science - See evolution in ways we communicate, what we think about comm + what we are communicating about (e.g. communicating about science) 21 Century - Social media - Terrorism - Communication industries - Nano - Transmissions- moving channels - Before channels meant tunnels- now diff. medium of communication (pixels, social media, etc.) Why study theory? - Nothing is obvious - How do we systematically understand how people and things operate - Can help us understand physical world and then apply to social world Germany + Austria Organ Donor Experiment - The diff. is tied to how the default is set on the consent form opt- in or opt-out - In countries with high consent rates, people have to “opt-out” whereas in countries w/ low consent rates people have to “Opt-in” (Takes more effort to say yes to donate organ – Germany) - The default is different - Instructions seem simple but it’s more complex States of Inquiry 1. Asking Qs - How can we increase rates of organ donations? - Why do people choose to donate organs? - Does the format of the request affect donation rates? - Observe that there are diff. rates in organ donation 2. Observation - Observe what can explain that pattern of observation 3. Constructing answers (This becomes foundation for a theory) - Realize that defaults are diff. across countries and that it has an impact on people’s effort - How do we get people to change behavior, contribute to social cause, etc.
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