Ch. 3 Part 2
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Nicole Wolfe on Thursday September 8, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOC 110 at University of North Dakota taught by Ashley Leschyshyn in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 12 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Sociology in Sociology at University of North Dakota.
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Date Created: 09/08/16
Chapter 3 continued Norms – rules of conduct o Informal norms Implicit/unspoken Folkways: not strictly enforced o Formal norms Moral/ethical behavior Mores: strict norms; foundation of law Taboos: strongest norms provoke revulsion o Incest o Cannibalism o Norms reinforced through sanctions Positive sanctions Smile Compliment Diploma Pay raise Negative sanctions Frown Humiliation Prison sentence Execution Cultural universals o Values/behaviors shared by ALL human cultures Share same trait Not same structure o 250 cultural universals identified Family Marriage Stratification Education Sports/leisurely activities Funeral rights More listed in chapter 3 of textbook Culture shock o Disorientation when being exposed to a new social environment/trait Ethnocentrism o Belief one’s own culture/way of life are superior “backwards or primitive” Defines “normal” Xenophobia – fear of strangers/outsiders Cultural relativism o Viewing people’s behavior from the perspective of their own culture Avoid ethnocentrism Sociological imagination Cultural variation o Culture adapts to meet specific circumstances o Variation within: Subculture: group sharing distinctive mores, folkways, and values Everybody is part of a subculture o Age, gender, religion, social class, sexual orientation, sports, etc o Elements of non material culture Subculture argot o Specialized language used by members of a subculture Ex: prison “kite” – note or message on piece of paper “fishing” – how kites are delivered “chow” – meal time “the hole” or “the shoe” – solitary confinement “dime sentence” – 10-year sentence Counter cultures o Subculture that deliberately opposes certain aspects of the large culture Resist mainstream Political Young people o Ex: Terrorism
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