Ancient Sport, Week 2
Ancient Sport, Week 2 3380
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Taylor Gipson on Thursday September 8, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 3380 at University of Texas at Arlington taught by Kristan Ewin Foust in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 2 views. For similar materials see History of Ancient Sport in History at University of Texas at Arlington.
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Date Created: 09/08/16
Culture Similarities Unique Roman War, Reward, Elite/not, Teams, # Prestige, <10 horses, racers, style of spokes chariot, males racing horses. Mycenaean War, Reward, Elite chariots, # Prestige, spokes racers, style of chariot Hittite War, Reward, Elite chariots, # Prestige, spokes racers, style of chariot, spoked wheel, horses to Meso., specific on horses. Minoan War, Reward, # racers, style of Prestige, spokes chariot Egyptian War, Reward, Elite chariots, # Prestige, <10 horses, racers, style of spokes chariots Chariot Races Bronze Age Aegean Minoans centralized on the island of Crete o “Lost Civilization,” meaning we knew nothing of this culture until we literally stumbled across the ruins. Arthur Evans excavated in Knossos, Crete. We cannot decode the language: Linear A, or syllabic script. Linear B is Greek based. o Some type of royalty Theseus and the Minotaur King Minos houses a labyrinth, which contains the minotaur. Theseus falls in love with the Kings daughter and sent to face the bull-man. o Plato made a theory of Atlantis originating from the island of Thera, Minoan territory. o Bull Sports- Did the Minoans train or drug the bulls in order to leap over them? What actually happened? Bull-leaping Toreador Fresco, 16 C. Knossos o Females depicted lighter in color o Males depicted darker: They’re the ones leaping. Compared to Spaniard tradition. Avaris, former Hyksos capitol, 1482-50. Non- Minoan, actually Egypt. Thought to be a marriage of sorts. How did it get here? o Merchants o Egyptians adopted the spectacle Continuing tradition after civilization fell to ashes: 950 CE. o Running scene CA. 1550 BC Some religious aspect, often stamped into rings for Minoans o Late Minoan Sarcophagus: Chariot Animal Scene 3 people/chariout (Hittites) Religious component Spectators, possible some kind of ceremony? Can only debate what is actually depicted because we still have not been able to decipher the language/symbols. Mycenaean Greece (1600-1200) (Linear B language) o Moving into area in which Minoans were, expanding around the territory. o Mycenae, or the capital, of the civilization. Called a “semi- lost” civilization. Partial or forgotten. Homer (950-750) writes about the Ancient Greeks, AKA Mycenaeans, but people didn’t believe him. He was born awhile after the Mycenaean Empire collapse during the Bronze Age. In 1800s, Henrich Schliemann loves the Mycenaean culture. In 1849, he decides he wants to attempt at discovering Troy (From text of Homer) with the money from the gold rush. Actually discovers Troy AND Mycenae through tels, or mounds of dirt layered from possible natural disasters. Unfortunately, Henrich bulldozed through the tel in Troy rather than starting from the top to carefully unveil the artifacts. Ends up destroying much of Troy but learns better with Mycenae. o Many ancient artifacts were excavated, like the Face of Agamemnon (Greek King during Homer’s writing fighting against Troy). o Gold Rings, most likely influenced by the Minoans. Stamp includes lion fighting, hunting with bow and arrow, chariot hunting. o Vapheio Cups filled with vast imagery. o Fresco’s also influenced by the Minoans: consistent image of hunting, majority seems to be royal/chariot type. Some women depicted in chariots. Hittites o Introduced horses to the Greeks. o Indo-European Languages Germanic Romantic Spanish Latin Hittites are the first group of peoples known to speak an Indo-European Language. Greek and Hittite are similar. o Knew next to nothing except from biblical text in Hebrew: Abram’s wife Sara was buried in a plot purchased from a Hittite Esau (Jacob’s brother) marries a Hittite woman o Battle of Kadesh (1274-1259 BCE) (Video via BlackBoard) World’s First Peace Treaty Ramsee’s (Egyptians) fighting the Hittites Hittites are lighter in color depicted in picture of the battle. Medieval aspect of castle Being to see the collapse of these 3 major Empires, which heads us into the Dark Ages of Greece
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