Rels 2001, Week 3 notes.
Rels 2001, Week 3 notes. Rels 2001
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Raymond Apperson on Thursday September 8, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Rels 2001 at Georgia State University taught by Kennedy in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 9 views.
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Date Created: 09/08/16
Christianity The Basic Foundations of Christianity Jesus Christ is the Son of God This separates Christianity from Islam or Judaism Jesus was recognized for his divinity and suffering. Overall, Christians say that he suffered on the cross for the sins of humanity(suffering) and that he is part of the Godhead(Father, Spirit, Son) Possibly born around 7 BCE to 0 CE, or 30 CE to 33 CE Text oriented Bible is quite important to Christians, especially the New Testament 3 Branches of Christianity: Eastern Orthodox (Constantinople) Roman Catholic (Established in Rome) Protestant split from Roman Catholicism in 1500s. Martin Luther played a role in the start of Protestantism. The Bible Hebrew Bible called “The Old Testament” considered not as important as the New Testament. The New Testament the final revelation from God it’s about Jesus’ life and the early church (found in Acts 2. The foundation was built by some of the disciples and it grew from there). How did the New Testament come together? Hermeneutics it depends on how someone interprets the text. Emic view God inspired, written word by word. There are no problems with the writing, and it is 100% accurate even to this day. Etic view written by men who never saw Jesus but had heard about him The New Testament Has 27 Books in all Contains the Gospels (meaning “good news”) 4 Gospels: 3 are synoptic (Matthew, Mark, and Luke) they are similar in nature and their common source was Mark. This is because Mark was written before the two other books. th John 4 Gospel, not synoptic to the others. Synoptic gospels describe events and stories in different ways. Some “gospels” are not in the Bible they depict Jesus in different ways. For example, some say he was fully human and sinned. Others say he was never human and simply divine. What about the Authors of the New Testament? Possibly not the disciples they are attributed to. Mark was written 4 decades after Jesus died (70 CE); others were said to be written between 70 and 140 CE. Paul Life is in the Book of Acts His writings are 13 of 21 books in the New Testament (so most of the New Testament are Paul’s writings). At first he persecuted Christians. He thought he was doing what was right in the eyes of God. His books are actually the oldest part in the New Testament (5070 CE). His writings are a rulebook for the church (rules for the Chuch in Ephesus, Galatia in the Book of Galatians, the Corinthian church, and much more). Jesus’s Early Life His mother was the Virgin Mary, and his father was Joseph. Jesus was born in a manger. Luke 2:7 “and she gave birth to her firstborn, a son. She wrapped him in cloths and placed him in a manger, because there was no guest room available for them.” At age 12, he had mastered the Torah. In the Bible, there is a story where Joseph and Mary cannot find Jesus. When they do, they find Jesus in a temple, praying and spending time with religious leaders. Jesus tells them “Did you not know I must be in my Father’s house?” Apocalyptic Expectations Under the rule of the Romans, Jews longed for a Messiah, or a coming Kingdom of God that would come to earth. Jesus was baptized by John the Baptist. After this, Jesus’s ministry began when he was 30. In a few Gospels he is first tempted by Satan for 40 days in the wilderness to bow down to Satan, turn a stone into bread and to jump off the top of a temple. According to scripture, Jesus overcomes this temptation and after that he begins his ministry. The Passion of Christ Palm Sunday Begins with the Passover and when Jesus entered Jerusalem on a donkey. The Last Supper= Passover Jesus prays in Gethsemane (“Not my will but your will be done”). After this, Judas betrays Jesus. Jesus is arrested, sentence to die. This sentence is given by Joseph Caiaphas, the high priest and then Pontius Pilate. Placed on cross on Golgatha (“Place of the Skull”)cries out “My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?” –This is also part of Psalm 22:1. “Good Friday” dies, placed in tomb (Joseph of Arimathea buries him and Mary Magdalene takes care of the body). Easter resurrection of Jesus, 3 days after dying.
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