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Week 1 Notes

by: meghan Hamilton

Week 1 Notes EDP 201-Educational Psychology

meghan Hamilton
GPA 3.5

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About this Document

Includes information from the lectures about research, educational psychology and individual differences
EDP 201-Educational Psychology
Darrel Davis
Class Notes
25 ?




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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by meghan Hamilton on Thursday September 8, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to EDP 201-Educational Psychology at Miami University taught by Darrel Davis in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 36 views. For similar materials see EDP 201-Educational Psychology in Education and Teacher Studies at Miami University.

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Date Created: 09/08/16
Individual Differences Person First Language:  ● Use terms such as: ○ Person with a disability ○ Sara has a learning disability ○ Steve receives special education services ● Avoid Terms such as: ○ Disabled person ○ Sara is learning disabled ○ Steve is a special education student Intelligence ● Ability or abilities to acquire and use knowledge for solving problems and  adapting to the world ● Measured by intelligence quotient tests(age, deviation) Types of Intelligence ● Fluid Intelligence ○ Mental efficiency, nonverbal abilities grounded in brain  development ● Crystallized Intelligence ○ Ability to apply culturally approved problem solving methods ● BOTH ARE USED TO SOLVE A PROBLEM Multiple Intelligence ● Consider different types of intelligence!! ● Can help teachers adjust their teaching ○ You can help these student tap into their intelligence, it's not  all about reading and writing Special Education Laws ● Section 504: any individuals with disabilities be accommodated if the  program has federal funding ○ Ex: extra time on tests, homework help, etc... ● ADA: prohibits unjust discrimination based on a disability(not an  educational legislation) ○ Ex: transportation, education, jobs and all public and private  education ● IDEA: individuals with disabilities education act. Gives individuals with  disabilities access to free public education. Students with disabilities may be in  classrooms with regular students. Also responsible for the creation of IEPs(and  other specialized services). Is an educational legislation.  ○ 2 criteria for qualifying: ■ Diagnosed as having one of the IDEA defined  categories ● Ex: visual and hearing  impairment  ■ Students who meet the criteria for number 1,  must also need educational service ● Just because a student is  physically disabled does not mean they qualify ○ A kid could be in a  wheelchair but number one in the graduating class Provisions of IDEA ● FAPE: free appropriate public education ○ Prevents from extra charges for extra help ● Due Process: must be procedure for resolving any disagreement between  the school and the disabled ● Fair Assessment: based on testing, used to reduce biases ○ Assessing the student in the context of their disability ○ Choosing the right assessment for the student ● LRE: Least restrictive environment ○ Disabled students can receive their education to the  maximum extent appropriate with nondisabled peers ○ Integrating special education students with general  education classes ● IEP: Individual education program ○ Special program created for a student with the help of  teachers, counsellors and anyone else involved in the students learning Gifted and Talented ● High IQ ● Quick and independent learners ● Self­motivated ● Higher standards of achievement Supporting Gifted and Talented ● Enrichment: adding extra work or activities to increase learning ● Acceleration: skipping a grade ● Differentiated instruction: maybe the student teachers a subject to peers,  instead of just doing the work Issue of Fairness ● Fairness isn’t always giving everyone the same, but give each person  what they need 9/1/16 Educational Psychology ● Discipline concerned with teaching and learning process; applies the methods  and theories of psychology and has its own as well Trends in Education ● Standardized testing ○ Putting more pressure on the students. ● Using technology in the classroom ○ Allowing students to discover things for themselves Technology in the Classroom ● Allows students to do work more easily ● Allows for more communication throughout the class ● Makes doing research easier ● Using technology allows information to be more up to date ● Can update grades easier and allows students to see grades more frequently ● Helps with students with disabilities Problems with Technology in Classroom ● Students may not have access to technology ● One student can slow down the class ● Some teachers don’t know how to use or fix technology themselves ● Have to keep technology up to date Research ● Scholarly or scientific investigation or inquiry ● Must be diligent and systematic inquiry into a subject in order to discover or  revise facts, theories, etc ● Principle: an established relationship between factors ● Theories: an integrated statement of principles that attempts to explain a  phenomenon and make predictions ○ Ex: theory of evolution Types of Research ● Action research: systematic observations or tests of methods conducted by  teachers or schools to improve teaching and learning for their students. Subjects are  active members of the research projects ○ Testing if intervention works and asking participants if they  believed it works ● Case study: observation of something over a period of time ○ Study where baby was observed growing in a box ● Correlational studies: comparing different variables that may or may not be  related ○ Technology vs. grades ○ Does not prove causation(just happen to be related)  ● Experimental studies: testing subjects or ideas ○ Scientific studies  ○ Requires random assignments ○ Research method in which control group and experimental group  is manipulated and effects recorded ● Ethnography: scientific description of the customs of individual peoples and  cultures Famous Cases ● Milgram Experiment ● Monster Experiment ● Stanford Prison Experiment


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