Week 1 One World Divisible Notes
Week 1 One World Divisible Notes HST 296
Popular in History after 1945
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Popular in History
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by meghan Hamilton on Thursday September 8, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HST 296 at Miami University taught by ErikJensen in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 31 views. For similar materials see History after 1945 in History at Miami University.
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Date Created: 09/08/16
OWD Chap 1 Time: WW2 What’s Happening: ● Race to win the war ○ Weapons used: long range rockets, missiles and bombs ● Creation of life saving medicine: Penicillin ● America’s economy flourished. WW2 brought the United States out of the Great Depression ● Few cities escaped the destruction of war: Paris, Rome and Prague ● Soviet Union lost 30% of its prewar capital stock ● War destroyed most of China’s industrial plant ● Japan blew up dikes which flooded 3 million acres of farmland ● Bombs dropped on Japan on 8/6/1945 and 8/9/1945 ○ End of two empires: Hiroshima and Berlin The 3 Epic Struggles ● Germany vs. Russia: fight over living space in eastern Europe ● Struggle for power in China. The Japanese, Chinese Nationalists and Chinese communists continued fighting ● Pacific War: had to block Japan’s expansion 2 New Superpowers Were Created ● United States ● Soviet Union ○ Created buffer states to provide protection from possible attacks Britain was no longer as powerful as there were to begin the war. Their economy took a huge hit Development of Radar ● 1930’s governments began experimenting with radio detection ● Gained early warning of German air raids (194041) ● Locating uboats in Atlantic(194243) ● Identifying bombing targets (194445) The Bombs’ Effect on the War ● Won the war ● Dropping the bombs shortened the war: it eliminated months of fighting Lecture 1: What is History? ● Methodology ○ Historians analyze by asking questions about what happened and why that event happened ○ Historians also look as primary sources ● Interdisciplinary ○ History and its’ methodology can be applied to many different fields OWD Chap 2: Communist Revolutions, Asian Style China’s Communist party won control of the government ● The world's’ most populous country fell to communism China was not the only country to pass its’ power ● General Arthur Percival surrendered to the Japanese after Japan controlled the water supply ● White colonial power got back their possessions in China, Korea and southeast Asia ● But Japan’s defeat of the white man undermined Britain's prestige Japan Under U.S. Occupation ● Japan developed a parliamentary system(like Britain's) ● 11 powers participated in the government, but 90% of the forces in Japan were American ● MacArthur set up indirect rule through the Japanese government instead of direct military control ● Constitution of the country revised: renounced war as a “right of the sovereign nation” and forbade them from maintaining land, sea and air forces ● In 1948 American priorities began to change ○ Much of MacArthur's original plans for Japan had been accomplished ○ Conditions in Japan began to deteriorate ○ They were hit with economic crisis China and Endgame of Civil War ● China seemed to decline after their defeat by Japan in 1895 ● When Qing Dynasty collapsed in 1911, China has been in a civil war ● By 1949 communists were in control of the country ● Used guerilla warfare ● General Marshall attempted to promote an agreement between Chiang and Mao ● America poured money down the drain by aiding in this Civil war, about 3.5 million. When they couldn’t come to an agreement, America pulled out ● Superpowers realized that Mao would soon destroy Guomindang ○ Stalin shifted their allegiance and signed a friendship treaty and alliance with Mao ○ Soviet Union helped through economic and military aid Korea ● Korea was partitioned by America to prevent it from falling under Soviet control ● The peninsula was divided with the Soviets ● The United States and Soviet Union were committed to establishing provisional, democratic government for the whole country ○ Division of korea was best for the superpowers ● Korean War helped America further its aims for economic and military recovery of Japan within a new American alliance ● Yoshida accepted the American alliance ● 1951 Security Treaty: no Japanese right to abrogate nor any formal American commitment to defend Japan ● In 1954 Japan’s trade was under half its’ prewar level
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