New World and Disease
New World and Disease HST 198
Popular in World History since 1500
Popular in History
This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by meghan Hamilton on Thursday September 8, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HST 198 at Miami University taught by Dr. Dewitt S. Chandler in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 24 views. For similar materials see World History since 1500 in History at Miami University.
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Date Created: 09/08/16
Each Generation Creates The Christopher Columbus It Needs America: One World is born, another dies ● How did a handful of Spaniards defeat millions of people? ○ Cortes's expedition of the Aztec empire. The Spaniards had help to defeat this vast empire ■ Invisible Partners ● Disease: Pandemics ● Allies: rivalry among india's: no ethnic solidarity ○ The Spanish didn’t giver the Native American allies credit for helping them defeat the Aztec empire. The Spanish had thousands of native american allies ■ Technological Superiority ● Weapons: guns, cannons, swords, lances, crossbows ● Other advantages: horses ○ Horses were worth their weight no gold. They were great for travel and fighting ○ Disease: The Weapon of Mass Destruction ■ Major infectious killers of 1492 were “recent” ● The disease only came about about 810,000 years ago ○ Around the time of the Agricultural Revolution ● The Agricultural Revolution brought about ○ Rapidly growing populations ■ This was one of the only times there was a surplus of food and this surplus lead to a larger population ○ Constant contact with herds and flocks ■ One of the first times people were around herd animals on a daily basis. People ended up contracting diseases from these animals ● A “temperatesubtropical disease pool” by c. 1000 AD During 12001492 things intensify ● Advances in Navigation ○ Spread diseases: humans being able to travel far distances quickly accelerates the spread of disease ● “Mongol Effect” ○ Horse nomads over running people ○ Europe saved from the mongols due to the death of the Great Khan ● Holocaust in Latin America ○ Smallpox was the biggest killer ○ Other disease: measles, mumps, chicken pox, etc ○ Many diseases we don’t see as killers affected the native americans because they didn’t know about them and they had not built up immunity to them like the Europeans did ■ People tended to become sick all at once ■ If you weren’t sick you got as far away as possible ■ Smallpox arrived in the Americas in 1519, so it took almost a whole generation to arrive after the Columbus expedition ● It’s a one way street ○ Native Americans didn’t give Europeans diseases ■ Agriculture was more recent in the Americas ■ Slow travel ■ VERY FEW SPECIES OF LARGE HERD ANIMALS IN THE AMERICAS ● This is what spread most diseases in Europe
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