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New World and Disease

by: meghan Hamilton

New World and Disease HST 198

Marketplace > Miami University > History > HST 198 > New World and Disease
meghan Hamilton
GPA 3.5

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About this Document

mainly about how the Europeans spread diseases when arriving in the New World.
World History since 1500
Dr. Dewitt S. Chandler
Class Notes
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by meghan Hamilton on Thursday September 8, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HST 198 at Miami University taught by Dr. Dewitt S. Chandler in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 24 views. For similar materials see World History since 1500 in History at Miami University.


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Date Created: 09/08/16
Each Generation Creates The Christopher Columbus It Needs America: One World is born, another dies ● How did a handful of Spaniards defeat millions of people? ○ Cortes's expedition of the Aztec empire. The Spaniards had  help to defeat this vast empire ■ Invisible Partners ● Disease: Pandemics ● Allies: rivalry among india's: no  ethnic solidarity ○ The Spanish didn’t  giver the Native American allies credit for helping  them defeat the Aztec empire. The Spanish had  thousands of native american allies ■ Technological Superiority ● Weapons: guns, cannons,  swords, lances, crossbows ● Other advantages: horses ○ Horses were worth  their weight no gold. They were great for travel and  fighting ○ Disease: The Weapon of Mass Destruction ■ Major infectious killers of 1492 were “recent” ● The disease only came about  about 8­10,000 years ago ○ Around the time of  the Agricultural Revolution ● The Agricultural Revolution  brought about ○ Rapidly growing  populations ■ This  was one of the only times there was a surplus  of food and this surplus lead to a larger  population ○ Constant contact  with herds and flocks ■ One  of the first times people were around herd  animals on a daily basis. People  ended up  contracting diseases from these animals ● A “temperate­subtropical disease  pool” by c. 1000 AD During 1200­1492 things intensify ● Advances in Navigation ○ Spread diseases: humans being able to travel far distances  quickly accelerates the spread of disease ● “Mongol Effect” ○ Horse nomads over running people ○ Europe saved from the mongols due to the death of the  Great Khan ● Holocaust in Latin America ○ Smallpox was the biggest killer ○ Other disease: measles, mumps, chicken pox, etc ○ Many diseases we don’t see as killers affected the native  americans because they didn’t know about them and they had not built up  immunity to them like the Europeans did ■ People tended to become sick all at once ■ If you weren’t sick you got as far away as  possible ■ Smallpox arrived in the Americas in 1519, so it  took almost a whole generation to arrive after the Columbus  expedition ● It’s a one way street ○ Native Americans didn’t give Europeans diseases ■ Agriculture was more recent in the Americas ■ Slow travel ■ VERY FEW SPECIES OF LARGE HERD  ANIMALS IN THE AMERICAS ● This is what spread most  diseases in Europe


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