Folk Studies Week 3 Lecture Notes
Folk Studies Week 3 Lecture Notes FLK 276-006
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Savannah Notetaker on Thursday September 8, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to FLK 276-006 at Western Kentucky University taught by Barry Kaufkins in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views.
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Date Created: 09/08/16
FLK 276 Day #3 Week 3 9/6/16 Class Notes: Folklore Genres 1) Oral 2) Performances 3) Material A Brief History: “Folklore then and Folklore Now” Then: “survivals” 18th-19th century was seen as something leftover from the past and was disappearing quickly as the world became more mass media friendly. Social Evolution: “primitive” to “folk” to “civilized” Gottfried Von Herder: published earliest know anthology of folk songs (1744-1803) Peasants: the folk old fashioned no formal education illiterate rural uncivilized Elites: Not the folk modern formal education literate urban civilized Romantic Nationalism: in the quaint and simple culture of the peasantry lies the “soul of nation” Romantics: wanted a pure simple way of life Nationalism: extreme patriotism to collect folklore and catch it before it was gone, didn’t want to lose the historical culture (mainly in Germany) The folk peasants hold the key to our past, in their lore survives our shared cultural heritage “survivals” The Brothers Grimm: Jacob and Wilhelm Kinder Und Hausmädchen 1812 (Children and Household Tales) dark, intended for adults, taught social values, told cautionary tales. Now: Late 19th 20th C broader view of folk 1888: AFS founded No peasant class in the United States, focus on marginalized groups, outside of the mainstream, had oral tradition. 20th C Anthropology: New View of Culture Franz Boas: 1858 to 1942 “cultural relativism” no universal culture, all independent, none can be judged as less advanced by any other. Alan Dundes UC Berkeley 1934-2005 Folk Groups: Bearers of Traditions, sharing a body of informal culture. Day #4 9-8-16 Folk Groups Lecture Continued Esoteric: Within the group, speciﬁc to the group Exoteric: Outgroup, Mainstream Regional: Where they live Occupational: Jobs, workplace groups Religious: beliefs, church groups Ethnic: heritage Age: Different age groups ex. teen, senior citizens, children Interests/Hobbies: things you do in your free time Familial: within your family Jargon: Technical Speech Argot: Morphing of Words Slang: sometimes inventing words, sometimes giving words alternative meaning dialect: vernacular based on where you live Film: Gandy Dancers Occupational Folklore and Jargon of Rail workers • Songs to the beat of the work for safety, synchronization, and efﬁciency • “hah” used as a word for timing • Jargon: “caller” the person who sings the songs and chooses what types of songs are appropriate in certain situations, role is to motivate the workers • Songs about the “bossman” expressed feelings that could not be said to their faces