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Intro to Egypt

by: Katherine Craig

Intro to Egypt THEA-UT 747

Katherine Craig

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About this Document

Gives a background on Egypt, especially in the context of theatre and other performance types.
Arab Theatre and Film
Edward Blaise Ziter
Class Notes
Egypt, theatre, performance
25 ?




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Katherine Craig on Thursday September 8, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to THEA-UT 747 at New York University taught by Edward Blaise Ziter in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views. For similar materials see Arab Theatre and Film in Theatre at New York University.


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Date Created: 09/08/16
Intro to Egypt Notes Day 1    ● Historic Arabic entertainment forms  ○ Puppetry/Shadow Puppetry  ○ Storytelling  ■ Heka ­ to narrate  ■ Hekawati ­ narrator who tells folk stories in public  ■ Ra’ab (possibly rabab) ­ instrument that goes with storytelling  ○ Karaboze ­ puppet theatre or public performance, depends on context  ○ Taziya ­ iranian/shia martyrdom plays/passion plays  ■ Reproduce the death of Al a Hassam (sp?) ­ last legitimate rulers of  Muslim people  ■ Popular in Lebanon  ○ Story nesting in Syrian plays  ○ Halqa ­ performance that happens in a ring of spectators in North Africa  ■ Hlaiqa ­ performs in Halqa    EGYPT  ● Ottoman Empire  ○ 1570s ­ Egypt under Ottoman control  ■ Ruling elite became transplanted Turks  ● Sultan = Kalif (leader of the faith)  ● In effect, colonized by fellow Muslims  ○ 1700s ­ Europe ascends on Egypt  ■ 1798 ­ Napoleon invades, wants to disrupt British supply routes  ● Results in Egypt looking to France for culture  ■ British force France out of Egypt  ○ Egypt becomes independent protectorate as a part of the Ottoman empire  ■ Ruling elite still aren’t Egyptians  ■ Ruler looked to France for culture, tried to band together with other  Arabic states  ● European nations stop that from happening  ■ Ruler (Ismael?) gains privilege of hereditary rule  ● Initial title of “Pasha” ­ turkish ruler  ● Title transitions to “Kadiff” ­ Egyptian ruler  ■ Descendants turn to Europe for culture  ● Build cultural monuments  ● Commission Aida  ● Imagine Cairo having the European capital aesthetic  ● Borrow lots of money to do the above  ○ Britain and European countries work out payment plan for Egyptian debt  ■ Egyptian resistance forms under Ahmed Urabi  ● First nationalist party in Egypt  ■ Egypt becomes split between Egyptian officers (nationalist  party/Urabi), Turkish commanders, and British merchant class  ○ 1882 ­ Britain bombs Alexandria as action against Urabi’s party  ■ Beginning of nationalist resistance in Egypt  ○ Meanwhile, Egypt embraces theatre because of its European roots  ■ Yakka (sp?) Sanu ­ first Arab news, satirical playwright  ● Post WWI  ○ Wilson spreads hope for independent Arabic states, leading to Arabic nations  siding with the Allies in WWI  ○ Sykes­Picot ­ secret agreement  ■ Divided up Arabic world into countries  ○ 1919 ­ Revolt in Egypt from Wafd party crushed by British  ○ 1923 ­ British creates constitutional monarchy in egypt with king answering to  Britain  ■ Results in two systems of law, very biased against the Egyptians  ■ Egyptians become second class citizens  ● Post WWII  ○ Three major parties fight for power  ■ Muslim Brotherhood  ● Basically, the organized opposition  ● Enemies of Nassar and secularists  ● Not terrorists, but religiously extreme  ■ Young Egypt Coalition  ● Basically, facists  ■ Communists 


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