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Latin weeks 1 & 2

by: Rachel Armour

Latin weeks 1 & 2 LATI 1010

Rachel Armour
GPA 4.0
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About this Document

These notes mostly cover week 2 but information from week 1 is also integrated in.
Elementary Latin
Christopher Fuhrmann
Class Notes




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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Rachel Armour on Thursday September 8, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to LATI 1010 at University of North Texas taught by Christopher Fuhrmann in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 2 views. For similar materials see Elementary Latin in Latin at University of North Texas.


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Date Created: 09/08/16
Latin 1010 Elementary Latin    Week Two  (there’s a reason this language died)    *since I am starting a week late, week one will be blended into week two.  ** ​the information in the parentheses (i, ae, e, a, etc.) is the plural form or other gender.  *** base|suffix denotes where the words are broken in certain cases (Ex: Qu|i = Quis & Quae)  Day One: 9.6.16    Vocab Recap (​don’t worry, we’ll move on the mnemonic devices later.) ​ :    Basics:   Who?..... Qu|i (ae­loses the “i”, s)  What?.... Quid  Where?.. Ubi  How Many?.. Quot  Whose?... Cuius  ?..... ­ne, num, estne, suntne  Also…quoque, ­que  But…..sed  And….et  is/are…...est/sunt  no/not….. Non  Nouns:  Insul|a (ae).... Island (islands)  Oppid|um (a).... Town (towns)  Fluvi|us (i)..... River (rivers)    Vir(i).......Man (men)  Femina(e).....Woman (women)    Pue|r (i, la & lae­cut the “r”)...... male child (boys, girl, girls) <usually familial  Fili (i, a, ae)...... son (sons/son’s, daughter, daughters/daughter’s)  Liber|us (i, orum)..... Child (children/child’s, children’s)     Serv|us (i, orum)..... Slave (Slaves/Slave’s, Slaves’)  Ancill|a (ae, orum).... Female Slave (f. slaves/slave’s, slaves’)     Yes, I know, that is a long and horrifying list that is extremely confusing when written in English  which is why you need to read the textbook. ​ So you probably would rather know how to  remember all this right? I’ll list the current mnemonic devices I have and please add more if you  come up with any!    Mnemonic Devices:  Quid: when you’re in England and someone asks you for three q ​ uid​ and and you say  “​what​ the hell is that??”   Ubi: just think ​Ube​ r will take you ​ here​ you want to go.  Quot: If I give you a ​Quote ​  on my rate for reptar tattoos, I’m telling h ​ ow much  ​ it’ll cost.   Cuius: I would be ​Cur ​​ ​us​ ​whose​ dog stole my bone collection.   ne: guess what: if it ends in “ne,”  ​T’S PROBABLY A QUESTON​. ​ Same goes for   Quoque: ​Okay ​(rhymes with ​quoque) ​  but I’m also a botanist, incase you forgot.   Sed: I ​sed​ no b​ ut​ts, missy.   Insula: pen​insula​s are derived from this word.   Oppidum: People who made​ towns  ​ might have been on o ​ ppi​ d)​um.​   Fluvius: This just sounds like Aquaman’s worse cousin.   Vir: ​Vir ​(rhymes with fear) not citizens, the ​men​ are here!  Puer: ​p​oo​r ​(ry Puer) you, you’re a ​kid  ​ so you can’t have cookies for breakfast  Fili: ​Fi​ and Kili were The ​sons  ​ of Dis in The Hobbit.   Liberus: ​Children​ have been l​ ibera ​ ted from their mother’s womb.    Tenses and Gender:     Masculine​: Sin. ­us, Pl. ­i…. ​But that’s only for the Nominative tense!    “What?? There are other tenses too and Latin isn’t an easy A like I thought it would be?”    Yes. There are four tenses. Thankfully for your and my sorry asses, we’re only studying two  tenses this semester.     There’s also a lovely discovery known as the Generative tense; this essentially means  possessive. Here’s where it get tricky: Masculine singular generative tense ​is the same as  masculine plural tense.  Understand? So Masc. Gen. Sin. is ­i and Gen. Pl. is ­orum.   Ex: Nominative (non­possessive) Singular: Iuliu ​ s​ vir est.          Plural: Rhenus et Nilus fluvi​i  ​ sunt.         Generative (possessive) Singular: Iulius pater Marci​   ​ est.   Plural: Iulius pater Libero ​ rum ​est.   So, when we’re speaking about the Gen case, how do we decide which noun get affected?  Easy! Whichever one ​isn’t​ the subject gets changed. Let’s do this again but in English:  Nom Sin: Juli​us​ is a man.  Nom Pl: The Rhenus and the Nile are rivers ​ ​.  Gen Sin: Julius is Marcus’​s​ father.   Gen Pl: Julius is the childr ​ en’s​ father.    I hope that makes things at least a little clearer. Next gender!    Feminine​ : Sin. Nom. ­a, Pl. Nom., ­ae; Sin. Gen. ­ae, Pl. Gen., ­arum.   Ex: Nominative Singular: Aemilia Plural: A et B litter​ae​ Latina       Generative Singular: Aemilia mater Iulia Plural: Aemilia dominae serva Neuter: ​Sin. Nom. ­um, Pl. Nom. ­a; * Generative is the same as the masculine.   Ex: Singular: Tusculum oppidu ​ ​ ​ ​ Plural: ​vocabulum et ​non vocabula Latina sunt. (W    I will be updating every week a


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