Week 2 - Chapter 1 (continued)
Week 2 - Chapter 1 (continued) PHIL 1103
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Nicole Dante on Thursday September 8, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PHIL 1103 at Fairleigh Dickinson University taught by Dr. Louis DeBello in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 30 views. For similar materials see Ethics in PHILOSOPHY AND HUMANITIES at Fairleigh Dickinson University.
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Date Created: 09/08/16
September 8 , 2016 Chapter 1 (continued) Ethics deals with what ought to be, not what is “Ideally” • Example: Normative classroom behavior o Raise hand o Arrive on time o Respect others when they’re speaking • Unethical o Cheating on exams o Plagiarizing work Religion & Ethics (Pg. 4) • Ethical theories are owed to/set on some kind of religious foundation • Part of social interaction/ helps people to live in harmony • Religious believes are a philosophical viewpoint o Grounded in divine authority o Different religions with generate different moral and ethical codes Law & Ethics (Pg. 4) • Something can be legal and not be moral o Ex. Workplace harassment – not illegal but immoral • Laws put in place to promote well-being/create social harmony o Some laws have negative backlash – which is worse, problem law was created to solve, or perceived backlash of the law o Those with different moral and ethical beliefs disagree about which laws hurt and which help Moral Law Overlapped section represents acts that are both morally reprehensible and illegal, such as rape, murder, etc. Morality and law cannot be combined because not all crimes overlap with human morality like the above crimes do. Traits of Moral Principles (Pg. 7) • Prescriptivity – practical/action-guiding, nature of morality. Guides our responses to “big ticket” offenses like rape and murder. • Universalizability – moral principles apply to all people in the same situation. o Example: Two people pick 5 apples each, they should be compensated the same amount o Example: Two students turn in nearly identical exams, they should receive nearly identical grades. • Overridingness – moral principles have predominant authority and override other kinds of principles. o Example: A moral would override a law if the law were immoral. • Publicity: moral principle must be made public in order to receive feedback and guide future actions. Feedback allows us to know if we were right or wrong. • Practicability – rules should be workable within our lives and not be a burden to be followed
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