CLST 107: Week Three Notes
CLST 107: Week Three Notes CLST 107
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Tristen Pennington on Thursday September 8, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CLST 107 at University of New Mexico taught by Luke Gorton in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views. For similar materials see Greek Mythology in Classics at University of New Mexico.
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Date Created: 09/08/16
Zeus' Power (Ch. 3) Tuesday, September 6, 2016 2:06 PM Titanomachy: 10 year Titan battle. Zeus & allies (cyclopes) ﬁght for Mt. Olympus = "Olympians" Zeus throws most Titans in tartaros. Atlas (Titan), Zeus punishes him by making him hold up the world. Titans ≠ Giants Gigantomachy: Rebellion of the Giants. Giants are children of Gaia. Zeus puts rebels in tartaros. Gaia has sex with tartaros. Their child is the dragon Typhon. Zeus has to ﬁght Typhon to maintain power. Imprisons Typhon under Mt. Aetna (volcano) (Reason volcanoes spit ﬁre is because they are trapped dragons.) Zeus the Dragon Slayer, supreme God of gods and humans. _________________________________________________________ New Olympian Circle develops. Zeus takes sky, Poseidon takes sea and earth, Hades takes tartoros. Zeus marries Hera. (His sister.) Each god assumes certain power. Olympic Pantheon: 14 major gods. Zeus and Hera. Poseidon, Hades, Demeter, Hestia. Ares, Hephaestus, Apollo, Hermes. Aphrodite, Athena, Artemis, Dionysus. Canon of Twelve: 12 Thrones. (On top of Mt. Olympus) Hades and Hestia don't sit here. Hades in tartoros, Hestia lives by ﬁreplace. Gods spend most of their time partying; eat ambrosia and drink nectar. Ambrosia: "immortal stuff" Nectar: probably wine Zeus and Hera (Ch. 4) Thursday, September 8, 2016 2:21 PM Zeus Head of Olympian family, Father of gods and mortals, cloud-gatherer, Supreme sky god. Bearer of aegis, shield with protective power. Attributes: thunderbolt, throne, scepter, oak tree, clouds. Sacred place: Olympia. Falls in love with Ganymede, abducts him in the form of an eagle from Troy. Hera Wife of Zeus, First Lady of Olympus, Queen of the gods, Goddess of marriage. Attributes: Peacock, cuckoo bird, throne, scepter, cow, crown, wedding veil. Sacred places: Argos, Samos, and Carthage. The tree Moirae; children of Zeus and Themis. Clotho: spins out the thread of life Lachesis: measures out the length of the thread Atropos: snips thread at the end of life Wrath of Hera Many times starts rebellion with Zeus' mistresses to protect sanctity of marriage. Io One of Hera's priestesses sleeps with Zeus. Zeus changes Io into a white cow, which Hera asks for as a gift. Argos is sent to guard Io, but Zeus sends Hermes to distract and bore Argos, so he can kill him and save Io. Hera is devastated and puts Argos' eyes on her peacocks tail. (Why peacocks have eyes on their feathers.) Offspring Eileithyia: First daughter of Zeus and Hera. Goddess of successful childbirth. Hebe: Second daughter. Goddess of youth. Has a job; Olympian waitress.
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